IELTS academic reading Diagram labelling mock test
Table of Contents
- IELTS academic reading Diagram labelling mock test
- IELTS academic reading diagram labelling mock test-Question 1
- IELTS academic reading diagram labelling mock test-Question 2
- IELTS academic reading diagram labelling mock test-Question 3
- IELTS academic reading diagram labelling mock test-Question 4
- Answers for IELTS academic reading diagram labelling mock test
IELTS academic reading diagram labelling mock test has practice questions to help you in gaining knowledge about the question type. In the diagram labelling question type, you will be provided with passages along with the diagram labelled incompletely. You have to read the passage carefully to fill the blanks in the diagram with the words from the passage.
IELTS academic reading diagram labelling mock test-Question 1
Answer questions 1-5 which are based on the reading passage below.
MASLOW’S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS
The most influential psychologist of the 20th century is, without doubt, Abraham Maslow. He is well known for his contribution to humanistic psychology and his famous hierarchy of needs. Maslow’s achievement in psychology predates the contemporary positive psychology movement, which would have been quite different without him.
Maslow’s hierarchy of need is a motivational theory which consists of a five-layered model of human requirements. It is depicted as a pyramid with five hierarchical levels. The model is categorised into deficiency needs and growth needs. The first four levels, from the bottom, are termed as deficiency needs or D-needs, while the top level is referred to as growth needs or being needs or B-needs. Deprivation gives rise to deficiency needs and motivates people to achieve them. The longer the duration these needs are unmet, the stronger is the motivation to fulfill them. As a deficiency need is relatively satisfied, the motivation decreases and a person automatically starts working for the next set of needs which are still not met. Growth needs, on the other hand, arise not due to lack of something, but from the desire to grow as a human being, and this desire stays and may become stronger with involvement.
In Maslow’s model, physiological needs are at the first level as physical survival is our most basic requirement. These are the biological requirements of the human body to survive, such as food, water, air, and sleep. They take precedence over any other need. Once these needs are relatively fulfilled, safety needs become important. People want personal and financial security, health and wellness, protection against crime, accidents and injuries. Love and belongingness needs are placed at the third level. These include trust, intimacy, acceptance, friendship, getting and giving love and affection and being part of a group, be it family, friends or employment. Esteem needs come in at the fourth level. They are classified into two categories by Maslow. One is self-esteem or esteem for oneself, which include mastery, achievement, independence and dignity and the other is the desire for respect from others such as status or prestige in society. At the fifth and highest level of the hierarchy pyramid, are the self-actualisation needs. These refer to self-fulfillment, personal growth, the realisation of one’s full potential as a person and aspiring to attain that.
Maslow continued to fine-tune his theory of the hierarchy of needs over many decades. Where management of classrooms and teaching in schools are concerned, this theory has contributed in a major way. For example, the physiological requirements of a student need to be fulfilled before his cognitive needs can be addressed. A student who is tired and hungry, cannot concentrate on his studies. To reach their full potential, the students must not only be physically and emotionally safe in their environment but feel accepted in their classrooms. However, not everyone agrees with Maslow’s theory. Some critics feel that there are considerable limitations in the theory, especially when it comes to his methodology.
Label the diagram below.
Write ONE WORD ONLY from the passage for each answer.
Also read: IELTS academic reading tips
IELTS academic reading diagram labelling mock test-Question 2
Answer questions 1-8 which are based on the reading passage below.
The First Aircraft
The dream of flying has been nurtured since humans lay their eyes on birds. In ancient times, people tried flying by emulating the birds. They constructed ornithopters, flying machines with wings, to take off like birds. However, this did not work since it was obvious that a larger machine was required to lift the body from the ground and propel it forward. In 1783, some daring aeronauts were able to fly using balloons filled with hydrogen or hot r which were lighter than air. But the flight was possible only when the wind would blow in a desired direction. Although these “aerostatic machines'' did not make any technical contributions to manned heavier-than-air flight, they postulated the theory that humans fly.
It was in 1799 that Sir George Cayley, a baronet from yorkshire,came up with the basic concept of the airplane - a flying machine with fixed wings, movable control surfaces, and a propulsion system. The Cayley silver disc, where he inscribed his idea, is preserved in the Science Museum of London. He also made the first true airplane which was actually a glider with a kite fixed on a pole at an angle of incidence of 6 degrees and had a movable cruciform tail attached with universal joints. Cayley separated the concepts of lift and thrust against the convention of earlier scientists that both can be generated by the propulsion system, and he set into motion a century of aeronautical development that resulted into the first ever aircraft by the Wright brothers.
Building in the pioneering works of Sir George Cayley, engineers and scientists began building and experimenting with airplanes. In 1849, a boy became the first person to fly in a glider designed by Cayley. Louis Charles Letur built and tested a parachute glider. This was the first attempt of a controlled flight in a heavier-than-air machine. After several successful descents, Letur met with a serious accident and succumbed to injuries. Felix Du Temple and his brother Louis who flew a model monoplane with propellers driven by a steam engine made the first successful flight of a powered aircraft. The plane took off under its own power for a short distance and glided to a safe landing. Sir Hiram Maxim made the first successful take off in an uncontrolled flight in 1894. Otto Lilienthal made controlled flights by shifting his weight to steer a small glider. This success inspired the Wright brothers Wilbur and Orville Wright to experiment with aerodynamic surfaces to control an airplane in flight. These experiments led them to come up with the first controlled and sustained flight of a powered heavier-than-aircraft in 1903 in Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.
From the beginning of their experiments, the two brothers focused on developing a reliable pilot control that was key to solving the flying problem. The main breakthrough of the brothers was understanding and applying the concept of the three-axis control to fly a aircraft, which allowed them to steer the aircraft effectively and to maintain its
The Wright brothers' 1903 airplane was made up of the wings that generated most of the lift and held the plane in the air. They used twin pusher propellers that were located behind the wings and turned by a small gasoline-powered internal combustion motor. The propellers were meant to overcome the airplane drag and generate the thrust. To achieve the three-axis control, the Wright brothers used different mechanisms. The aircraft had an all-moving elevator at the front that controlled the up and down movement of the nose which is called pitch. At the rear of the aircraft was a rudder which controlled the side-to-side movement of the nose,also called yaw.The rudder also allowed the coordinated turns. The up and down movement of the wings known as roll was provided by twisting the tips of the wings to change the lift on the outer sections of the wings.The body of the airplane that held all the parts together was made of a light framed structure that was not covered due to the low flight speed. The captain of the plane would lie on the wing next to the engine since this aircraft had no seats.
The Wright’s first powered airplane flew at Kitty Hawk on DECEMBER 17,1903. The plane made a 12-second flight and travelled ft. Oliver was the pilot. The flight of the day was with Wilbur at the controls that covered 852 ft. in 59 seconds.The Wright brothers were the pioneers of the basic techniques of modern aeronautical engineering, After their breakthrough, more scientists were involved in the perfection of the basic design,and this led to the evolvement of the modern day aircraft.
Label the diagrams below
Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER from the passage for each answer
Sir George Cayley’s Airplane
The Wright brothers’ 1903 Airplane
IELTS academic reading diagram labelling mock test-Question 3
Answer questions 1-6 which are based on the reading passage below.
The Structure of a Tick
Ticks are invertebrate animals in the phylum arthropod in the subclass Acari. For the layman, the tick is just another insect like a fly or mosquito for its bothersome existence. However, ticks are arachnids like mites and spiders with distinct anatomy. The symbiotic relation of ticks with other species falls under parasitism, where one creature gains whereas the other suffers.
Tick families can be classified as the hard ticks (Ixodidae) and the soft ticks (Argasidae). Hard ticks have a shield like protection (scutum) on the upper surface. Male ticks have a large scutum, covering almost the entire body, whereas female hard ticks have a much smaller scutum, covering less than half of its body. There are many folds on the underside. The rectangular folds along the rounded posterior of the body in hard ticks are called festoons. These help the immature and adult female hard tick bodies to expand as they feed. The structure of a hard tick can be divided as the capitulum, which looks like the head on the tick's body and comprises three parts. These are the mouthparts that protrude forward from the body, which is called the idiosoma. The capitulum has two chelicerae which are the cutting organs with hook-like barbs that face outward. The cutting surfaces are inserted into the host's skin and pushed outwards so that a hole is formed for the hypostome to enter. The hypostome is a barbed needle-like structure near the mouth between the chelicerae that the tick uses to hold itself to the host. It is equipped with rows of small spines(denticles) on the underside that point backwards making it difficult to pull the tick out. The longer palps on both sides of the hypostome have a sensory function only. They move away as the Chelicerae insert into the skin. Some ticks secrete a cement-like substance from the salivary glands near the biting organs. This substance acts like glue as the tick sucks blood, making it even more difficult to remove the feeding tick.
The idiosoma includes four pairs of legs. Each leg is covered in short, spiny hairs with a tiny claw at the end. The spines and the claws help the tick grasp leaves, grass and other vegetation, and their host. The tick's body is very flat which makes it easy for the animal to latch on top of its host without being seen. As the tick feeds on the host's body, the tick's saliva prevents the host's blood from clotting. Unlike the saliva of a flea, the tick's saliva does not have compounds that cause the host's body to itch and swell. The body or the idiosoma expands as it feeds. The expansion varies as the male hard tick scutum covers much of the tick's back such that it does not swell as much. However, the female hard ticks do swell enormously as they need a lot of blood to lay their eggs. Without food, ticks can starve to death although this can take months or even years.
The tick begins its life as an egg, which hatches into a six-legged larva. The larva looks for a host. After feeding, the larva drops to the ground and moults into a nymph within three weeks. The nymph has eight legs and looks like a smaller version of the adult tick. It looks for another host, and after feeding, it drops to the ground and moults again. Some soft ticks will moult several times consuming blood before each moult. After the last moult, the tick becomes an adult. The hard adult tick will attach to a host before mating, and the male will often die after mating. The female too will attach to a host, feed for more than 24 hours and after mating, will lay 2,000 to 18,000 eggs and die. Soft ticks are an exception. They will feed on their host several times, mate and lay eggs severally.
Unlike many other arachnids, ticks do not jump or land on their host by hanging. The front legs of the ticks have sensors called Haller's organs. Haller described these special features in a publication in 1881, mistaking the structures for ears, but they are the olfactory organs of the tick that sense the presence of a human through the carbon dioxide exhaled and the ammonia from human sweat. Ticks can also detect the slightest movement. Ticks rest on a leaf, stem of a plant or a blade of grass with its front legs outstretched in a posture called questing. They usually crawl up from the feet of a human body, sometimes up to the hair.
Ticks are carriers of diseases such as spotted fever, Lyme, rocky and anaplasmosis. Tick infestation in gardens or your body while on a hike or trek can be prevented using tick-repellants and regular pest control methods.
Label the diagram below
Choose ONE WORD ONLY from the passage for each answer
The Structure of Tick
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This mock test will improve your ability in solving IELTS academic reading diagram labelling and helps to get a good band score in IELTS academic reading. Also go through IELTS academic reading question types to enhance your knowledge in the IELTS reading section.
IELTS academic reading diagram labelling mock test-Question 4
Answer questions 1-4 which are based on the reading passage below.
Worker bees are between 8-19mm in length. They are divided into three distinct parts; head, thorax, abdomen. They have an almost completely black head, a thorax that is golden brown and black with patches of orange, and yellow bands can be easily seen on the abdomen. At the front of the head are two antennae for sensing their environment. They have four single wings. The largest are called forewings and the smallest hindwings. The hind legs are specialised for collecting pollen – each leg is flattened to form a pollen basket near the end.
Answers for IELTS academic reading diagram labelling mock test
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