IELTS Academic Reading Short Answer Questions Mock Test

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Table of Contents

  1. IELTS Academic Reading Short Answer Questions Mock Test 
  2. IELTS Academic Reading Short Answer Questions Mock Test - Question 1 
  3. IELTS Academic Reading Short Answer Questions Mock Test - Question 2 
  4. IELTS Academic Reading Short Answer Questions Mock Test - Question 3 
  5. IELTS Academic Reading Short Answer Questions Mock Test - Question 4 
  6. Answers for IELTS Academic Reading Short Answer Questions Mock Test 
  7. Conclusion 

Familiarize yourself with the short answer question type by answering our  IELTS Academic Reading Short Answer Questions Mock Test. Here you will be provided with a number of questions that can be answered in a few words, usually from one to three. The word limit is specified in the instructions and the words must be taken from the passage. Paying attention while reading the passage is very important. 

IELTS Academic Reading Short Answer Questions Mock Test - Question 1

Answer questions 1-6 which are based on the reading passage below.

The Wild West Village near Tabernas

Sandwiched between the mountains of the Sierra Nevada, Gador, Filabres and Alhamilla is one of the most dramatic landscapes in Spain, the desolate Desierto de Tabernas. Tabernas desert is one of the most geologically interesting landscapes in Europe since it clearly shows the process of natural desertification and erosion. Its features include sheer- sided gullies, carved out by the infrequent but torrential rains that only fall on a few days in the year. Another feature is piping, where water permeates through the top of a slope and emerges farther down through a hole, the water creating an underground pipe in the process. In certain places, there are so many holes that they have created a Swiss cheese effect.

Eight million years ago, in the Miocene period, the sea covered the Tabernas desert area, reaching inland as far as the foothills of the Sierra de Los Filabres, where today a strip of fossilised coral dunes delineates the former coastline. The deposited material consisted of sand and loam, and this is what makes up the Tabernas desert today. A million years later the Sierra Alhamilla rose up, cutting off the Tabernas desert area from the ocean and creating an inland sea, where more sand, loam, clay, limestone and gypsum were deposited. At the end of the Pliocene epoch, the sea receded, leaving the seabed exposed to erosion.

Although the desert may look like it has scarce vegetation, it, in fact, harbours a fair variety of xerophyte flora accustomed to surviving in semi-arid areas, including some plants that are unique to the Desierto de Tabernas. Among these species are the attractive sea lavender. Another is the winter-flowering toadflax, which after a wet autumn, clothe the usually barren desert slopes around Tabernas in white and release their vanilla scent into the air. You can find it on flat land next to the Solar Platform of Almeria (a vast expanse of solar panels, installed to take advantage of the 3,000 hours of sun received in this area every year) near Tabernas, off the road north to Senes. It also grows in dry river beds.

With its annual rainfall of 240mm concentrated in no more than four days a year, only plants that have adapted to semi-arid climate can thrive here. With high levels of salinity in the soil, plants also need to be salt-resistant, like the saltwort, Salsola genistoides, commonly seen here. The desert is riddled with numerous dry riverbeds or ramblas, which provide a unique microclimate that is more humid than any other place in this otherwise parched landscape. Here you can see reeds, oleanders and tamarisks.

It may appear as if this harsh landscape is incapable of supporting much in the way of fauna, but along the edges of the seasonal rivers, there is a wealth of vertebrates, most notably reptiles and birds. The most commonly seen reptiles are ladder snakes, spiny-footed lizards and ocellated lizards. Around the more moist areas of the dry riverbeds, you can see amphibians such as marsh frogs, natterjack toads and terrapins. Birds of prey, including Bonelli's eagles and peregrines, come from the nearby Sierra de Alhamilla Natural Area to use the desert as a hunting ground. The steppe region, including former areas of cereal cultivation, is one of Europe's few refuges for trumpeter finches, a common resident of oases in the Sahara desert. They hide themselves away in the numerous rocky crevices in this Spanish desert, along with the Sierra de Alhamilla and the Cabo de Gata-Níjar Natural Park. Bee-eaters make their nests in holes in the rocky slopes.

Given the arid conditions, mammals are less common with around 20 species inhabiting the park, the most important being the Algerian hedgehog. As a North African species, this is one of only several places, concentrated in eastern Spain, where it is found in the Iberian Peninsula. Abundant rabbits, hares and dormice provide plentiful prey for the carnivores and raptors in the area.

Questions 1–6

Answer the questions below.

Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS from the passage for each answer.

What process creates a landscape that resembles an edible product?
What existing feature marks the extent of the sea in the earlier times?
What type of flora can survive in high salt concentration?
What are the Ramblas?
What is created in the places that have comparatively higher moisture levels? 
What purpose does the desert serve for the predator birds from the neighbourhood?

Also read: IELTS academic reading tips

IELTS Academic Reading Short Answer Questions Mock Test - Question 2

Answer questions 1-5 which are based on the reading passage below.

DROSERA - A CARNIVOROUS PLANT

Carnivorous plants are predatory flowering plants that trap and kill small creatures to derive nutrients from their body. The carnivorous flowers often attract their prey by bright colours, nectar, or scent. The prey can be insects, protozoa or small animals such as lizards and mice that are trapped by suction traps or pitfalls made up of modified leaves or flypaper traps with sticky secretions. Most of these plants will still grow without eating insects, but they grow much faster and reproduce better if they absorb nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus from their prey. Not every plant that traps and kills small animals is considered carnivorous. Some capture insects in their flowers to allow pollination. They do not kill the insects, and in case the insect dies inside the flower, it is unfortunate and not to the advantage of the plant.

Drosera is one of the most popular carnivorous plants and is often called Sundews as the flower looks like it is covered in dew. Due to the large number of seeds it produces, this carnivorous plant can be found in almost every part of the world except the Antarctic. Nearly 200 different species of this plant have been identified. Most of them are common in nutrient-deficient places such as sandy beaches and bogs. The Australian Drosera pygmaea is the smallest and has leaves that measure 5 mm. The largest Drosera flower is referred to as king Drosera and grows up to 60 cm. Depending on the species, the sundews can form either prostrate or upright rosettes. These plants can live up to 50 years. 

Drosera plants trap their prey with the help of mucilage, a thick, glue-like fluid. The tips of bright coloured tentacles on the leaves of Drosera plants secrete mucilage which glistens like dew drops. The insects get attracted considering them drops of nectar, and as they sit on the tentacles, they get ensnared. Upon sensing the touch of an insect, mucilage production increases and coats the insect further. The struggle to escape triggers the leaves to roll lengthwise towards the centre by thigmotropism, thus covering the insect completely. This helps the plant to easily digest the prey as more digestive glands come in contact with it. The time taken in tentacle movement can vary from a few minutes to a couple of hours.

The flowering season of Drosera plants is late summer or early spring. The flowers open one at a time and last just one day. They blossom in the morning and close by afternoon. Self-pollination takes place inside the closed flower, and large quantities of spindle-shaped seeds are produced. These get released, and under perfect horticultural conditions, they find their way into the neighbourhood and readily germinate. The sundew is thus regarded as a weed. The sundew is among the easiest carnivorous flowers to keep indoors, and most carnivorous plants enthusiasts grow the plant very well in the open air or on sunny window sills.

Questions 1–5

Answer the questions below.

Write ONE WORD AND/OR A NUMBER  from the passage for each answer.

  1. For what activity do some non-carnivorous plants trap insects? 
  2. In which region is the Drosera NOT found?
  3. What is the maximum lifespan of a Drosera plant?
  4. What is the process by which Drosera leaves curl up?
  5. How long does a Sundew flower survive?

Check more IELTS academic reading short answer questions exercise with answers 

IELTS Academic Reading Short Answer Questions Mock Test - Question 3

Answer questions 1-6 which are based on the reading passage below.

A CAR IN SPACE!

On February 6, 2018, Elon Musk, tech entrepreneur and the CEO of SpaceX, launched a red car into space. The car had been programmed to play the song ‘Space Oddity’ by David Bowie repeatedly. Thousands of people watched as the Falcon Heavy rocket soared into space with the car to put it into orbit around the planet Mars. Musk stated that the take-off was a risky venture. 

The car, a Tesla Roadster, however, will be going further into the Solar System than planned originally. The plan was to place the car on a path around the Sun which would then lead the vehicle to Mars' orbit. However, according to the experts, the rocket carrying the car apparently overshot the route, and now, the Tesla will end up in an orbit far beyond the path of Mars but,as originally claimed by Musk, the Tesla will not make it to the asteroid belt.

One of the objectives of this launch was to show that the rocket, Falcon Heavy, could carry a payload to the orbit of Mars. Three of Musk’s company’s Falcon 9 rockets were joined together on the Falcon Heavy, giving the super rocket 27 Merlin engines. This gave the rocket the capability of generating around 23,000 kiloNewtons of thrust which was slightly more than double that of the Delta IV Heavy - the world’s most powerful rocket at the time, owned by the US competitor United Launch Alliance. Elon Musk promised that the cameras that had been strapped to the vehicle would provide viewers with epic views of space.

After the launch, the Tesla cruised through space for around six hours. Before the rocket completed its final engine burn and succeeded in putting the car into its ultimate orbit, it showcased a unique orbital manoeuvre. It can be assumed that the burn took place somewhere over Southern California as there were people in the state who reported seeing the rocket igniting in the night around 9:30 PM ET the day of the launch. Musk had stated much before the launch of the Tesla that there was only a small chance that the car would ever reach or hit Mars; and as things stand, this seems to be true. In the next few years, around October of 2020, the Roadster will be the closest to Mars, within a distance of 4.3 million miles, says Jonathan McDowell, who is an astrophysicist at Harvard and also a spaceflight expert. According to his estimates, the next time the car gets close enough to Earth will be in the month of March 2021, when there will only be a distance of 28 million miles between the Roadster and the Earth. 

So why did Musk spend untold sums of money to send his car into space? The decision to launch his Tesla into space can be construed as a clever ploy of cross-promotional marketing that only Musk is able to think of. Sceptics call the move nothing but a cheap publicity stunt for his Roadster. The ‘Made on Earth by Humans,’ label printed on the circuit board added to the ‘Don’t Panic’ label on the dashboard of the vehicle did their bit to add intrigue and drama to the event. With the entire launch live-streamed in high-quality YouTube feed from various angles, the feat that the world witnessed is nothing short of mankind’s landing on the moon.

Questions 1-5

Answer the questions below.

Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER  from the passage for each answer.

  1. How did Musk consider the launch?
  2. Where, according to Musk, will the car NOT reach?
  3. How many rockets were used in Falcon Heavy?
  4. What extraordinary feature was displayed by the rocket as it put the car into orbit?
  5. How did sceptics perceive the launch of the Tesla into space?

For full IELTS practice test click here

To get a high IELTS academic reading score, practice is inevitable. You can get proper practice by attempting this IELTS Academic Reading Short Answer Questions Mock Test. You can also master your skills for other IELTS academic reading question types by trying our mock test series. 

IELTS Academic Reading Short Answer Questions Mock Test - Question 4

Answer questions 1-3 which are based on the reading passage below.

US food waste worth more than the energy savings

Recent estimates suggest that 16 percent of the energy consumed in the US is used to produce food. Yet at least 25 percent of food is wasted each year. Michael Webber and Amanda Cuellar at the Center for International Energy and Environmental Policy at the University of Texas at Austin calculate that this is the equivalent of about 2,150 trillion kilojoules lost each year. It is more than that could be gained from many popular strategies to improve energy efficiency. It is also more than projections for how much energy the US could produce by making ethanol biofuel from grains.

Questions 1 – 3

Answer the questions below.

Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER from the passage for each answer.

  1. How much food does the US waste every year?
  2. How much energy could be saved annually if food is not wasted?
  3. What could be obtained from crops in future?

Find IELTS academic reading short answer questions list of questions 

Answers for IELTS Academic Reading Short Answer Questions Mock Test

Click to know the sample answers for the mock test that you’ve completed now.

Also check IELTS academic reading short answer questions tips

Conclusion

These IELTS academic reading short answer questions mock tests are created on our own, especially for you to prepare well for the IELTS test. To get more materials for IELTS preparation, browse through our website. 

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Global Headquarters

Kanan Intl EdTech Inc

Ph-1, 220, George Street, Toronto Ontario, Canada M5A 2N1

India Headquarters

Kanan International Pvt. Ltd.

D-wing, 2nd Floor, Trident Complex, Ellora Park Vadiwadi Road, Vadodara, Gujarat 390007

IT/ Digital Campus

Chennai Office

132, Habibullah Rd, Satyamurthy Nagar, T. Nagar, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600017

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About Kanan International

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Copyright © 2022 KANAN INT EDTECH INC. All rights reserved.