IELTS general Reading Practice Test 3- Answer

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Find the solution for the IELTS general reading practice test 3.

Solution for IELTS general reading practice test 3
1 A or B or D or F or G 11 C 21 Adults are not always happy after divorce 31 Yes

2 A or B or D or F or G
12 Michael Daley
22 Experts can help
32 No
3 A or B or D or F or G
13 National Academy of Science

23 American
33 Not given

4 A or B or D or F or G
14 Greenpeace
24 Challenges
34 No
5 A or B or D or F or G 15 Kathleen Foote Durham 25 Yes 35 No
6 B
16 Europe - A sad plight

26 Not given
36 to point out that security measures have successfully been caught unawares

7 C

17 Estimations paint a bleak picture

27 Yes
37 there is no single motive behind a terrorist plan.
8 A 18 Evidence of multiple factors in broken marriages 28 No 38 without an honest intention and relooking into the past
9 A 19 Isolated victims-the children 29 Yes  39 concern over guided misrepresentations in young minds by influential leaders
10 A
20 Reactions of divorce-affected children
30 No 40 analyse factors behind terrorist activities objectively.

Questions 1-5

Write FIVE correct letters (A-H).

Which FIVE of the following details are true according to Reading Passage 1?

Answers: 1-5 . A, B, D, F, G (in any order)

A There could be arguments over the frequency of rainforest destruction.

Explanation: Paragraph 1: While the rapidity at which the forest areas are being cleared is at best disputable....

B Apart from cleaning the environment, dense forests also act as a protective shield.

Explanation: Paragraph 1: Forests influence the balance of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere but also the reflectivity of the earth's surface.

D Tropical forests must exist across geographical features of the land to serve their diverse functioning.

Explanation: Paragraph 1:... there will be next to no tropical forests apart from a few scattered reserves and small areas on hilly regions that are too steep to be used for any other purpose. It is important to understand that tropical forests are essential for the proper functioning of the earth's ecological system.

F Tropical rainforests are the exclusive habitat for some species of flora and fauna.

Explanation: Paragraph 2: But more importantly, tropical forests provide an enormous and unique reservoir of diverse species of animals and plants which cannot subsist in any other environment.

G Some homo sapien clans rely completely on forests for their existence.

Explanation: Paragraph 2: Another matter of great concern is the rainforest inhabitants around the globe, including the Malayan aborigines, the Philippine Tasaday and the Yanomamo of Brazil. Deforestation is posing a serious threat to their very survival.

Questions 6-11

Look at the factors (Questions 6-11) and the descriptions, A-C in the box below. Classify the factors as A, B or C

Choose the correct letter A, B or C

6 B

Explanation: Paragraph 3: Population growth in tropical countries is one of the biggest factors that play a role in deforestation... With the numbers constantly increasing, poor people will have no option but to cut forests for their livelihood. However, population growth is not directly accountable for the problem in all cases.

7 C

Explanation: Paragraph 3:... deforestation is not the result of invasion by subsistence farmers from overpopulated areas.

8 A

Explanation: Paragraph 3: In fact, it is the cash-cropping' organizations that are responsible for the annihilation

9 A

Explanation: Paragraph 4: The government of Brazil is deliberately clearing areas of forests for mineral exploitation, cash crop farming and cattle-raising and this is in spite of vociferous protests from activists and ecologists 

minerals are natural resources.

10 A

Explanation: Paragraph 4: The government of Brazil is deliberately clearing areas of forests for mineral exploitation, cash crop farming and cattle-raising and this is in spite of vociferous protests from activists and ecologists

11 C 

Explanation: Paragraph 2: Another matter of great concern is the rainforest inhabitants around the globe, including the Malayan aborigines, the Philippine Tasaday and the Yanomamo of Brazil. Deforestation is posing a serious threat to their very survival.

The second sentence implies that indigenous populations are facing a threat due to deforestation; they are not a threat to forests.

Questions 12-15

Look at the following opinions (Questions 12-15) and the list of people/organisations below.

Match each opinion with the correct person/organisation.

Choose the correct answer and move it into the gap

12  Michael Daley

Explanation: Paragraph 6: While reforestation seems like an apt answer to the quandary, it won't fix the damage completely. As pointed out by Daley, it is not possible for forests to sequester all the carbon dioxide that is being emitted by humans into the atmosphere.

13 National Academy of Science

Explanation: Paragraph 5: There has been a decrease in global vapour flow from the land by about 4% due to deforestation, epa as reported in studies published by the National Academy of Science. Even though the figures may seem slight, they can disrupt the natural weather patterns and after the current climate models

14 Greenpeace

Explanation: Paragraph 4: The organisation, Geenpeace, points out that trees can help as they can store 300 billion tonnes of carbon. It is not surprising that deforestation is the second largest human-caused source of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere. 

15 Kathleen Foote Durham

Explanation: Paragraph 3: Kathleen Foote Durham, a political scientist at the University of Michigan has reported that in the Peruvian area of the Amazon Basin, deforestation is... In fact, it is the cash-cropping organizations that are responsible for the annihilation. These operations get support from the Peruvian government as they produce profitable exports In a gist, forests are being destroyed to make a quick buck

Questions 16 -22

Reading Passage 2 has nine paragraphs. Choose the correct heading for each paragraph and move it into the gap. The headings for two paragraphs have already been selected.

16 Europe - A sad plight

Explanation:Paragraph 2: has all data that typically refers to the EU.

17 Estimations paint a bleak picture

Explanation: Paragraph 3, the facts and figures present calculations for the future: Going by the current rates, US

children will witness........

In the US researchers estimate......marriages will end in divorce.

Subsequently..... are expected to increase.

18 Evidence of multiple factors in broken marriages

Explanation: Paragraph 5 lists data in % gathered from a survey to determine the several causes of divorce.

19 Isolated victims-the children

Explanation: Paragraph 6 points out how children are affected and experience loneliness: Loneliness is a major issue

In many cases, working mothers...... factor for loneliness among children.

20 Reactions of divorce-affected children

Explanation: Paragraph 7 describes how children express their feelings: There are several ways of expressing this dissatisfaction depending on the age of the child.

21 Adults are not always happy after divorce

Explanation: Paragraph 8 illustrates the difficulty in handling of divorce by adults, both men and women: Divorced individuals.....reduced self-esteem.

The mean mental and physical health of divorced adults is poorer suffer from more social isolation

22 Experts can help

Explanation: Paragraph 9 counsellors....... under proper guidance. proposes a solution: The best way take help from professionals such as marriage

Questions 23 and 24

Complete the sentences Write ONE WORD ONLY from the passage in each gap

23 Divorce is not an unknown concept in American society.

Explanation: Paragraph 3: Divorce is age-old in American society, but it has become more common in eight decades.

24 Adolescents entering the union of a marriage cannot cope better with the challenges of married life.

Explanation: Paragraph 4: Also, those who marry in their twenties are better able to handle the challenges of married life than those who get into wedlock in their teens

Questions 25-28

Choose YES if the statement agrees with the claims of the writer of the passage, choose NO if the statement contradicts the claims of the writer, or choose NOT GIVEN if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this.

25 YES

Explanation: Paragraph 1: Unfortunately, the ending of marriage does not take into account the collateral damage caused to the children as well as to the extended family such as in-laws. 

26 NOT GIVEN

Explanation:Paragraph 4 mentions income as a factor. However, no statement that asserts increasing income as at suggestion to prevent divorce is found anywhere across the passage

27 YES

Explanation: Paragraph 8: This matches with the data of researchers that show that men reduce alcohol consumption and drug usage after marriage.

28  NO

Explanation: Paragraph 8 : maintaining contact with the ex-spouse even after divorce makes it difficult to adjust to a divorce.

This contradicts the statement that mentions the benefits of meeting occasionally.

Questions 29-35

Choose YES if the statement agrees with the claims of the writer of the passage, choose NO if the statement contradicts the claims of the writer, or choose NOT GIVEN if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this

29 YES

Explanation: Paragraph 1: In western countries, it is common for people to associate certain religions with terrorism.

This agrees with the statement.

30 NO

Explanation:Paragraph 1: In western countries, it is common for people to associate certain religions with terrorism. But this argument is seen as a major distortion of the actual motives of the terrorists and their cells.

This contradicts the claim that the relationship established by western countries between religions and terrorist activities of its people is agreeable.

31 YES

Explanation:Paragraph 3: Reducing such multifaceted issues to clichés where it is a simple matter to label people as good or bad, the media and the politicians are prone to oversimplify  a very serious subject.

This agrees with the writer's claim that the intensity is ignored.

32 NO

Explanation: Paragraph 4: To this end, there is a need to acknowledge that terrorist cells do not surface spontaneously They are a result of desperation and despair stemming from humiliations and injustices that are either real or perceived

33 NOT GIVEN

Explanation: There is no mention of the impact of technology in shaping attitudes to handle situations.

34 NO

Explanation: Paragraph 6: People, who are aware of the relative income gap whether it is in the higher ranks of their society or comparison to the west, tend to look for a cause that is very conveniently provided by religious fanatics

35 NO

Explanation: Paragraph 7: It is a sad reflection on the society we live in that refugees from Syria who are a product of military intervention by the allies are no longer welcome in the very countries that fuelled the crisis that they are now facing.

'Allies' means friends, especially countries supporting a country in a war.

Questions 36-40

Choose the correct answer.

36 to point out that security measures have successfully been caught unawares

Explanation: Paragraph 2: All of the above attacks were conducted with precision and occurred in some of the world's purportedly safest places

The inefficiency of security systems is pointed out with the example.

37 there is no single motive behind a terrorist plan.

Explanation: Paragraph 2: We have to question; how much hatred can be harboured by these terrorists? These questions are not easy to answer or compartmentalize.

The list of questions in the paragraph emphasises the multiple angles of the issue.

38 without an honest intention and relooking into the past.

Explanation:Paragraph 3: If we are to tackle the menace at the root level, a historical perspective and a genuine wish to get to the heart of the matter are essential 

39 concern over guided misrepresentations in young minds by influential leaders

Explanation: Paragraph 5: A well-known scholar Louise Richardson puts forward a very compelling argument. People, who are aware of the relative income gap... tend to look for a cause that is very conveniently provided by religious fanatics. Dissatisfied youth, thus become the force of terrorist groups. Not only do they feel like they are part of something big but also because they get much-needed finance with which to support their families.

40 analyse factors behind terrorist activities objectively.

Explanation: Paragraphs 1 & 7 present the author's emphasis on addressing the causes of terrorism, which are broadly presented all through the passage.

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