IELTS general reading matching features Exercises with answers

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Table of Contents

  1. IELTS general reading matching features Exercises with answers     
  2. 3 2022 IELTS general reading matching features Exercises with answers     
  3. IELTS general reading matching features exercise 1
  4. IELTS general reading matching features exercise 2 
  5. IELTS general reading matching features exercise 3
  6. Conclusion

This article on IELTS general reading matching features exercises with answers helps you in understanding the question type and the method of answering the questions. You will be given a passage with questions that contain a sentence or phrase from the passage. You will be required to match this information with a feature that's given below the question. You have to match features based on the reading passage only. 

IELTS general reading matching features exercises with answers is an important section in IELTS general reading question types.  This article provides 3 exercises with their answers to guide you in your preparation. To have a high IELTS general reading score you must be familiar with all the question types and the ways to solve them.

3 2022 IELTS general reading matching features Exercises with answers

Learn a few tips and tricks to solve the IELTS general reading matching features exercise with answers. Go through instructions given in the question paper before answering the questions. Search for paraphrased words and synonyms that are related to the questions. This will guide you to get to the right answers correctly. 

Also read: IELTS general reading tips

IELTS general reading matching features Exercise 1

The Science of Yoga 

The word ‘yoga’ comes from the Sanskrit term ‘yuji’ which means union or yoke. Yoga is said to unify the body and mind. There are different kinds of yoga forms including physical poses, meditation and breathing exercises to relax and reduce stress. Science has proved some of the physical and mental benefits of yoga. 

So much research has been done to measure the effect of yoga on stress. In 2005, a research done by Andreas Michalsen from University of Duisburg - Essen, Germany, followed 24 women who suffered from emotional stress, on a 3 month yoga program. The results of the research showed a reduction in cortisol levels which is the primary stress hormone. The anxiety, stress, fatigue and depression levels also reduced after doing yoga. 

In 2007, a research carried out in University of South Australia, by Caroline Smith, compared the effect of yoga and relaxation on stress and anxiety. She worked with 131 people for 10 weeks and showed similar results. Yoga proves to give relaxation and improvement in health status.

Another area that has been researched is yoga and heart health. The scientists from Department of Physiology, Government College, Nagpur, researched on the effects of yoga on the cardiovascular system in subjects over 40 years old. Vijay Bharshankar said that people above the age of 40 who did yoga for 5 years had lower BP and pulse rate than those who didn't. 

Other researchers suggest that making yoga a part of your life can slow down the rate of heart diseases. Dr J. Yogendra of The Yoga Institute, Santacruz, Mumbai, conducted a research on 113 patients with heart disease, to look at the effect of lifestyle change that included 1 year of yoga training along with dietary modifications and stress management. The results showed a reduction in cholesterol levels by 23% and the progression of heart diseases stopped in 47% of patients. While it was not clear about the role of yoga versus other factors like diet, yoga was shown to decrease stress which is the major cause of heart diseases. 

Questions 1–4

Look at the following ideas 1–4 and the list of researchers below.

Match each idea with the correct researcher, A, B, C or D.

Write the correct letter, A, B C or D, in the boxes 1–4 on your answer sheet.

List A

1 importance of yoga in decreasing the main hormone linked to stress 

2 advantage of yoga compared to relaxation in decreasing stress and anxiety 

3 significance of yoga in relation to existing cases of heart disease 

4 connection between practising yoga and improvements in the circulatory system 


List of Researchers

A     Caroline Smith

B     Jayadeva Yogendra

C     Andreas Michalsen

D     Vijay Bharshankar  

Answer for exercise - 1

(Note: The text in italics is from the reading passage and shows the location from where the answer is taken or inferred. The text in the regular font explains the answer in detail.)

1 C Andreas Michalsen 

Explanation: In 2005, a research done by Andreas Michalsen from University of Duisburg - Essen, Germany, followed 24 women who suffered from emotional stress, on a 3 month yoga program. The results of the research showed a reduction in cortisol levels which is the primary stress hormone. The anxiety, stress, fatigue and depression levels also reduced after doing yoga.

2 A Caroline Smith 

Explanation: In 2007, a research carried out in University of South Australia, by Caroline Smith, compared the effect of yoga and relaxation on stress and anxiety. She worked with 131 people for 10 weeks and showed similar results. Yoga proves to give relaxation and improvement in health status.

3 B Jayadeva Yogendra 

Explanation: Dr J. Yogendra of The Yoga Institute, Santacruz, Mumbai, conducted a research on 113 patients with heart disease, to look at the effect of lifestyle change that included 1 year of yoga training along with dietary modifications and stress management. 

4 D Vijay Bharshankar 

Explanation: Vijay Bharshankar said that people above the age of 40 who did yoga for 5 years had lower BP and pulse rate than those who didn't. 

Check more IELTS general reading matching features practice questions 

IELTS general reading matching features exercise  2 

Answer questions 1-5 which are based on the reading passage below

Workplace Practices

Sensible work practices are an important factor for the prevention of muscular fatigue; discomfort in the arms, neck, hands,back etc.; or eye strain which can be associated with constant work at a keyboard and visual display unit (VDU).

It is important that the employer gives attention to the physical setting like workplace design, the office environment, placement of monitors and the organisation of the work and individual work habits. Operators must be able to identify health problems related to work and should be given the opportunity to participate in the management of these. Operators should note down and follow the preventive measures given below. 

The typist must be comfortably accommodated in a chair that is adjustable for height with a backrest that is also easily adjustable both for angle and height. The backrest and sitting ledge (with a curved edge) should preferably be cloth-covered to avoid excessive perspiration. 

When the keyboard operator is working from a paper file or manuscript, it should be at the same distance from the eyes as the screen. The most convenient position can be found by using some sort of holder. Individual arrangement will vary according to whether the operator spends more time looking at the VDU or the paper – whichever the eyes are focused on for the majority of time should be put directly in front of the operator.

While keying, it is advisable to have frequent but short pauses of around thirty to sixty seconds to proofread. When doing this, relax your hands. After you have been keying for sixty minutes, you should have a ten minute change of activity. During this spell it is important that you do not remain seated but stand up or walk around. This period could be profitably used to do filing or collect and deliver documents. 

Questions 1–5

Look at the following questions (List A) 1–5 and the list of researchers below.

Match each question with the correct option (List B) - A, B, C, D, E, F, G.

Write the correct letter, A, B C, D or E, in the answer sheet.


List A

1. Important factor in the prevention of muscular fatigue
2. A factor that the employer should take care of in an organisation
3. Minimum time that should be taken for pauses while proofreading
4. Feature that a chair should have
5. A typist should keep it at the same distance as the VDU while 

List B

A Fatigue
B Sensible work practices
C Workplace design
D Keyboard
E Adjustable angle and height
F 30 seconds
G Manuscript

Answer for exercise - 2

(Note: The text in italics is from the reading passage and shows the location from where the answer is taken or inferred. The text in the regular font explains the answer in detail.)

1 B Sensible work practices 

Explanation: Sensible work practices are an important factor for the prevention of muscular fatigue

2 C Workplace design 

Explanation: It is important that the employer gives attention to the physical setting like workplace design, the office environment, placement of monitors and the organisation of the work and individual work habits. 

3 F 30 seconds 

Explanation: While keying, it is advisable to have frequent but short pauses of around thirty to sixty seconds to proofread. 

4 E Adjustable angle and height 

Explanation: The typist must be comfortably accommodated in a chair that is adjustable for height with a backrest that is also easily adjustable both for angle and height. 

5 G Manuscript

Explanation: When the keyboard operator is working from a paper file or manuscript, it should be at the same distance from the eyes as the screen. 


Attempt this free IELTS general reading matching features mock test 

IELTS general reading matching features exercise  3

Answer questions 1-5 which are based on the reading passage below

Trans Fatty Acids 

Researchers from the University of Oxford written in the British Medical Journal (BMJ) have called for food labels to mention trans fats both cholesterol and saturated fat.

Trans fat is a type of unsaturated fatty acid. It is naturally occur in small amounts in food produced from ruminant animals* e.g. milk, beef and ham. During the partial hydrogenation (hardening) of vegetable oils into semi-solid fats, the trans fatty acids are produced. Therefore, it will be found in hard margarine, partially hydrogenated cooking oils, and also in some bakery products and other processed foods that are made using these.

Trans fatty acids increase the risk of heart cancer as it produces bad effects on chemicals such as lipids. They also increase LDL cholesterol (the bad cholesterol) and decrease HDL-cholesterol (the good cholesterol). It may also have adverse effects on cardiovascular disease.

In a recent study which studies the effects of trans fatty acids, a 2% of trans fatty acids will increase the energy increase at the same time it increases 23% incidence of heart disease. The authors also found that even low intakes of trans fatty acids will have adverse effects on human health.

Questions 1 - 5

Look at the following questions (List A) 1–5 and the list of researchers below.

Match each question with the correct option (List B) - A, B, C, D, E and F.

Write the correct letter, A, B, C, D, E or F in the answer sheet.


List A
1. They called for food labels to mention cholesterol and trans fat
2. Process of producing trans fatty acids from vegetable oils
3. A type of unsaturated fatty acid
4. Trans fatty acids leads to increase of this disease
5. Trans fat is found in this food

List B
A Milk
B Cholesterol
C Oxford University researchers
D Heart cancer
E Trans fat
F Partial hydrogenation

Answer for exercise - 3

1 C Oxford University researchers 

Explanation: Researchers from the University of Oxford written in the British Medical Journal (BMJ) have called for food labels to mention trans fats both cholesterol and saturated fat.

2 F Partial hydrogenation 

Explanation: During the partial hydrogenation (hardening) of vegetable oils into semi-solid fats, the trans fatty acids are produced.

3 E Trans fat 

Explanation: Trans fat is a type of unsaturated fatty acid.

4 D Heart cancer

Explanation: Trans fatty acids increase the risk of heart cancer as it produces bad effects on chemicals such as lipids. 

5 A Milk 

Explanation:  It is naturally occur in small amounts in food produced from ruminant animals* e.g. milk, beef and ham. 


Also check IELTS general reading matching features tips

Conclusion 

We have given you the exercises and their answers for you to practise for the IELTS general reading matching features section. Use the exercises to understand the question type and the way to solve the matching features question. 

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Kanan Intl EdTech Inc

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About Kanan International

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Copyright © 2022 KANAN INT EDTECH INC. All rights reserved.