IELTS general reading matching features practice questions

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Table of Contents

  1. IELTS academic reading matching features practice questions
  2. 3 IELTS academic reading matching features practice questions & tips to solve them ( With Answer Key)
  3. IELTS academic reading matching features practice question 1
  4. IELTS academic reading matching features practice question 2
  5. Answers for practice questions
  6. IELTS Academic Reading Matching Features Question for Practice
  7. Conclusion

The IELTS general reading matching features practice questions section will help you understand and attempt IELTS matching features questions. Using this practice question you will understand the type of passages and the format of question that will be asked in this question type. You will also find the answers for the question below in this article. Use these practice questions and prepare for your IELTS exam. 

There are many IELTS general reading questions types in the IELTS general test but matching features is an important section in this test. There are 3 IELTS general reading matching features practice questions in this article that gives you practise with the matching features questions. You can score well in the IELTS general reading section if you can solve these questions. 

3 IELTS general reading matching features practice questions & tips to solve them ( With Answer key)

Before you start solving the IELTS general reading matching features practice questions, learn the tips and strategies needed to solve it. The sentences in the questions may be rephrased or restructured from the paragraph. Read and understand the statements given in the questions carefully and match it to the right answers. Make sure you write the correct letter of the feature in the answer. 

Also read: IELTS general reading tips 

IELTS general reading matching features practice question 1

Answer Questions 1-5 which are based on the reading passage below.

Workplace dismissals

There is a process to be followed while dismissing an employee. Situations like misconduct or poor performance should be addressed through some preliminary steps first. 

Initially, you should receive an improvement note. The note should explain the issue, suggest any changes if necessary and offer some help in rectifying the issue. After this, if your employer doesn't feel that your performance has improved, you should be given an official written warning. The last step is called the final written warning which informs the employee that they will be dismissed if they continue with the poor performance.  If there is no improvement, then the employer can start the procedure for dismissal.

The procedure starts with a letter or mail from the employer stating the charges made against the employee. The employee will be asked to attend a meeting to talk about these charges. If the employee does not agree to the charges, they will be asked to appear at a formal appeal hearing with a different manager. Only after this will a decision be made as to whether the employee will be dismissed or not.

There are many types of employee dismissals. A fair dismissal is the best kind, if an employer wants an employee out of the workplace. It is legally and contractually strong and it means all the procedures have been followed correctly. In case, an employee involved in serious misconduct, the employer does not have to follow all these procedures. If the employer proves that the employee was involved in an illegal, dangerous or wrong act, the employee can be instantly dismissed. This is called summary dismissal.

All dismissals may not take place fairly. Wrongful dismissals are a breach of contract by the employer. Example, dismissing an employee with no prior notice or without following any of the disciplinary or dismissal procedures. Another type is unfair dismissal. It is when an employee is dismissed without a proper reason. 

Another kind of dismissal is constructive dismissal, where the employee is not actually openly fired by the employer. The employer forces the employee to resign by changing the original contract. This may affect them like, the employee might have to work during nights while the original contract is signed for morning shifts. Sometimes the employee might also be forced to work in dangerous conditions.

Questions 1 - 5

Look at the following descriptions (Questions 1-5) and a list of terms below.

Match each description with the correct term.

Write the correct number A-E in boxes Questions 1-5 on your answer sheet.

NB: You may use any letter more than once.

A list of terms

  1. Fair dismissal
  2. Summary dismissal
  3. Unfair dismissal
  4. Wrongful dismissal
  5. Constructive dismissal

1. An employee is asked to leave work straight away because he has done something really bad. 

2. An employee is pressured to leave his job unless he accepts conditions that are very different from those agreed to in the beginning. 

3. An employer gets rid of an employee without keeping to conditions in the contract. 

4. The reason for an employee's dismissal is not considered good enough. 

5. The reasons for an employee's dismissal are acceptable by law and the terms of the employment contract.

11. Check answer for this exercise

Check more IELTS general reading matching features exercise with answers 

IELTS general reading matching features practice question 2

Answer Questions 1-4 which are based on the reading passage below.

The Rocket - from East to West 

The development of rockets is linked to the invention of 'black powder.' The Chinese, according to most technology historians, were the ones who invented it. They base their beliefs on research into Chinese texts or early European UN agency notebooks, as well as extensive journeys to China to find the country's history and civilisation. Black powder was most likely first mixed from its fundamental constituents of nitre, charcoal, and sulphur during the 10th century. However, this does not mean that they were eager to make rockets right away. Powder-propelled fireplace arrows were very popular by the 14th century. To oppose their enemies, the Chinese depended on technological advancement to produce a variety of flaming missiles, exploding grenades, and most likely cannons. The 'basket of fire,' or, as precisely translated from Chinese, 'arrows like flying leopards,' was one such weapon. The 0.7 metre-long arrows, each with an extended tube of powder hooked up near to the point of each arrow, could be fired at the same time from an expanded, octagonal-shaped basket at a range of 400 paces. Another weapon was the 'flying sabre arrow,' which could be launched from crossbows. The rocket was meant to increase the range by being put in an extremely comparable position to distinct response propulsion arrows. To increase the arrow's stability by changing the centre of gravity to a grip below the rocket, a small iron weight was fixed to the 1.5m bamboo shaft, slightly under the feathers. The Arabs invented the ‘egg which moves and burns'. This 'egg' appears to be jam-packed with powder and held together by a 1.5-meter tail. It was destroyed with the help of 2 rockets fixed to both sides of the tail.

It wasn't until the 18th century that Europe became truly interested in mistreating the rocket as a weapon of war rather than just a means of propulsion. Previously rockets had only been displayed in pyrotechnic shows. The impetus for much of the aggressive employment of rockets did not come from the European continent, but from far-off Asian countries, whose leaders had built up a corps of rocketeers and successfully employed rockets against the country in the late 18th century. A British Captain from Asia described the Indian rockets as "an iron envelope about 200 mm long and 40 mm wide with sharp spikes at the highest and a 3-metre-long bamboo guiding staff." Early in the 19th century, the country began testing incendiary barrage rockets. The country rocket differed from the Indian version in that it was completely encased in an extremely strong, iron cylinder, terminating in an extremely conic head, with a diameter of 1 metre and a stick nearly 5m long, made in such a way that it could be firmly fixed to the body of the rocket. In the mid 19th century, the Americans built a rocket with its own launcher to use against the Mexicans. The rockets were inserted and lit from the opposite end of an extended cylindrical tube propped up by two sticks and fastened to the top of the launcher. However, the results were sometimes not that good as the motion of the rockets in flight were not predictable. 

Questions 1 – 4

Look at the following Questions 1-4 and match the features

Match the option with the people who invented or used them first.

Mark letters A-E in the boxes 1-4 in your answer sheet.

NB: You can use a  letter more than once.

  1. black powder
  2. rocket-propelled arrows for fighting
  3. rocket as war weapons
  4. the rocket launcher

First invented or used by

  1. Chinese
  2. Indians
  3. British
  4. Arabs
  5. Americans

14. Check answer for this exercise

Attempt this free IELTS general reading matching features mock test 

Answers for practice questions

  • Answer for Practise question-1

Workplace dismissals

(Note: The text in italics is from the reading passage and shows the location from where the answer is taken or inferred. The text in the regular font explains the answer in detail.)

1.B Summary dismissal

Explanation: If the employer proves that the employee was involved in an illegal, dangerous or wrong act, the employee can be instantly dismissed. This is called summary dismissal.

2.E Constructive dismissal

Explanation: Another kind of dismissal is constructive dismissal, where the employee is not actually openly fired by the employer. 

3.D Wrongful dismissals

Explanation: Wrongful dismissals are a breach of contract by the employer. Example, dismissing an employee with no prior notice or without following any of the disciplinary or dismissal procedures. 

4.C unfair dismissal

Explanation: Another type is unfair dismissal. It is when an employee is dismissed without a proper reason. 

5.A fair dismissal

Explanation: A fair dismissal is the best kind, if an employer wants an employee out of the workplace. It is legally and contractually strong and it means all the procedures have been followed correctly.

Also check IELTS general reading matching features tips

  • Answer for the practice question-2

The Rocket - from East to West 

(Note: The text in italics is from the reading passage and shows the location from where the answer is taken or inferred. The text in the regular font explains the answer in detail.)

1. A Chinese

Explanation: The development of rockets is linked to the invention of 'black powder.' The Chinese, according to most technology historians, were the ones who invented it. 

2. A Chinese

Explanation: Powder-propelled fireplace arrows were very popular by the 14th century. To oppose their enemies, the Chinese depended on technological advancement to produce a variety of flaming missiles, exploding grenades, and most likely cannons. 

3. B Indians

Explanation: A British Captain from Asia described the Indian rockets as "an iron envelope about 200 mm long and 40 mm wide with sharp spikes at the highest and a 3-metre-long bamboo guiding staff.

4. E Americans

Explanation: In the mid 19th century, the Americans built a rocket with its own launcher to use against the Mexicans

IELTS general reading matching features question list for practice

Answer Questions 1-5 which are based on the reading passage below.

Invention of Cinema

Even though the British, German, American and French have been recognised for the invention of cinema, the British and German have very little role in taking it worldwide. The French and the Americans were the ones to take the invention worldwide, helping it to start in China, Japan, Latin America and Russia. The French and Americans also took the lead to help develop the arts in cinema. During World War I, Italy, Denmark and Russia also played an important part in developing cinema. 

The US became the largest market for cinema in the world and became dominant by the start of World War I. The centre of filmmaking moved westward and it was after the First World War that the Hollywood movies flooded into the world market. The Italian film industry, which started with the feature film called Quo Vadis? And Cabiria, almost collapsed. In Scandinavia, the Swedish films started off well with epic and comedy movies. The French movies found themselves in a difficult position. Only Germany proved capable in the entire Europe and in the Soviet and in Japan, the cinema development took place in conditions of commercial isolation.

Industrially and artistically, Hollywood took the lead. They had better narratives, special effects, stars and were impressive. If Hollywood did not have the resources, they had the money to buy artists and innovation from Europe, to continue its dominance over their competition. 

It was only the American slapstick comedy that developed both in short and feature format successfully. During the ‘silent film’ era, animation, serial, comedy and drama continued to thrive along with factual and documentary films. Those days the avant-garde films achieved commercial success, thanks to French and German films. 

France, Germany and the Soviet Union developed and maintained distinctive national cinema during the silent period. France displayed the most continuity despite war and postwar economic uncertainties. The German cinema became popular after 1919. Yet they were overshadowed by the Soviet Union after the 1917 revolution.

Questions 1 – 5

Look at the following statements (Questions 1 - 5) and the list of countries below.

Match each statement with the correct country, A-J.

Write the correct letter, A-J, in boxes 1- 5 on your answer sheet.

NB You may use any letter more than once.

  1. It helped other countries develop their own film industry.
  2. It was the biggest producer of films.
  3. It was the first to develop a 'feature' film.
  4. It was responsible for creating stars.
  5. It made the most money from 'avant garde' films.

List of Countries

  1. France
  2. Germany
  3. USA
  4. Denmark
  5. Sweden
  6. Japan
  7. Russia
  8. Italy
  9. Britain
  10. China
Answers 

(Note: The text in italics is from the reading passage and shows the location from where the answer is taken or inferred. The text in the regular font explains the answer in detail.)

1.A France

Explanation: The French and Americans also took the lead to help develop the arts in cinema.

2.C USA

Explanation: The US became the largest market for cinema in the world and became dominant by the start of World War I. 

3.H Italy

Explanation: The Italian film industry, which started with the feature film called Quo Vadis? And Cabiria, almost collapsed. 

4.C USA

Explanation: Industrially and artistically, Hollywood took the lead. They had better narratives, special effects, stars and were impressive. 

5.A France

Explanation: Those days the avant-garde films achieved commercial success, thanks to French and German films. 

Click the following link to practice matching features with other question types to perform well in the reading test and to check the answers:

Conclusion

To improve your matching skills you have to practice more questions. You should improve your speed in reading and finding answers from the paragraphs. The exercises given above will help you in practising for the IELTS reading matching features section. 

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Kanan Intl EdTech Inc

Ph-1, 220, George Street, Toronto Ontario, Canada M5A 2N1

India Headquarters

Kanan International Pvt. Ltd.

D-wing, 2nd Floor, Trident Complex, Ellora Park Vadiwadi Road, Vadodara, Gujarat 390007

IT/ Digital Campus

Chennai Office

132, Habibullah Rd, Satyamurthy Nagar, T. Nagar, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600017

kanan-ftr-phone+91 63597 73959

kanan-ftr-phoneadmissions@kanan.co

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About Kanan International

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Copyright © 2022 KANAN INT EDTECH INC. All rights reserved.