IELTS Reading Exercise 2- Section 3 (Question 28-40)

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section 3

Read and answer the questions Q.28-40

SECTION 3

Questions 28-40

Read the text below and answer Questions 28-40.

LIBRARIES - ENRICHING KNOWLEDGE SINCE TIME IMMEMORIAL

A. Never ever have we thought of a world without libraries - storehouses of information. It is a fearful prospect indeed, as a world without libraries is synonymous to a world without knowledge. Libraries represent different things to different people –a place we go to as toddlers to read our first stories, to gain access to books which we cannot find or cannot buy, or even to use information archives, or simply, the internet. To put it simply, libraries are one of the most comprehensive sources to gain access to knowledge, which in turn, educates the mind.
B. The Library of Alexandria in Egypt is one the most significant ancient libraries in the history of the world. This library was founded by Ptolemy I Soter, a Macedonian general. The construction of this library was completed by 3rd Century BC. The library continued to function till the Roman conquest in the 30th Century BC. The library is thought to have housed 40,000 to 400,000 scrolls at its pinnacle. However, this library is best-known for being burned down, as its destruction was widely considered to be a symbolic loss of cultural knowledge.
C. Around the same time, private or personal libraries began appearing in what is known as “classical Greece” in the 5th Century BC. The Hellenistic Antiquity, who were fabled book collectors in the 2nd century have been listed as “Deipnosophistae”. Soon, libraries began emerging in Rome as well. By the time Augustus came to power, there were numerous libraries such as the one in the Porticus Octaviae near the Theatre of Marcellus, in the temple of Apollo Palatinus and the Ulpian Library in the Forum of Trajan.
D. Moving to more contemporary times, libraries have grown from repositories of knowledge and culture to become the major landmark for cities. Some of the most famous libraries of the world include The Library of Congress, which is the largest library in the world. It is open to the public and is the national library of the United States. It is the oldest federal cultural institution in the country and houses up to 32 million books and 61 million manuscripts.
E. Then comes the reading room of the British Museum. Located in the Great Court of the British Museum, this library is known for its collection of curated books. The architecture of this library also sets it apart from its counterparts across the United Kingdom. The Bodleian Library, situated in the educational hub of the United Kingdom, Oxford, is one of the oldest surviving libraries in Europe, dating back to 1602. The Vatican Library which was established in 1475, is one of the oldest libraries in the world. It holds within its walls the oldest complete manuscript of the Bible and also has well over a million books within its halls.
F. The existence of ancient libraries is a testament to the fact that libraries have been the key resource for the spread and enrichment of knowledge. Preservation of authentic writings or documented research is necessary for the transfer of information from one generation to another. Libraries are the most reliable resource to meet this objective.
G. Libraries are a means to save and maintain historically and culturally significant collections, many of which aren’t available across the world. If libraries did not possess an appropriate copyright exception, they would be unable to preserve or replace a damaged work while it is covered by its copyright. Another important function of libraries in the process of enriching knowledge is to possess these appropriate permissions so that they can continue to do what they have been doing over the years in changed formats, for example, the right to convert a hard copy of a 1850 New York Times into a digital version. Without these permissions, cultural heritage would be lost and, there would be a disintegration of what we know as culture. 
H. Libraries are an intrinsic part of education, transfer of valuable knowledge, and preservation of unique cultures and traditions. All of our notions of education- all that we know of our cultures and all the texts and manuscripts which form the foundation of growth are preserved in these archaic halls and, we must ensure that they continue to survive.

Questions 28-35

The given text has eight paragraphs, A-H.
Choose the correct heading for each paragraphand move it into the gap.
 
Varied resourcefulness of libraries
A voluminous collection lost
A rapid rise
Library as a notable identity
Distinct features of existing libraries
An Egyptian library took long to build
Usefulness of libraries for upcoming generations
Libraries hold books as well as manuscripts
Official rights are vital
Need to protect the treasure of knowledge and culture
The oldest library in the world
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35

Questions 36 - 40

Look at the following libraries (36-40) and the list of information below.
Match each library with the correct information.
Choose the correct answer and move it into the gap.

36. The Vatican Library 
37. The Library of Alexandria 
38. The Ulpian Library 
39. The Library of Congress 
40. The British Museum Library 
has the handwritten documents of a holy book
was built in the second century BC
does not exist today
an example of a private library
known as a national identity
has 61 million manuscripts alone
has a distinctive building structure
visited less by public

IELTS reading exercise 2 section 3 answers

Questions 28-35

The given text has eight paragraphs, A-H.

Choose the correct heading for each paragraph and move it into the gap

28. Paragraph A- Varied resourcefulness of libraries

Explanation: Paragraph A: Libraries represent different things to different people -a place we go to as toddlers, to read our first stories, to gain access to books which we cannot find or cannot buy or even to use information archives, or simply the internet.

The paragraph discusses the importance of libraries to the world, to society, to toddlers

29. Paragraph B- A voluminous collection lost

Explanation:Paragraph B: The library is thought to have housed 40,000 to 400.000 scrolls at its pinnacle. However, this library is best-known for being burned down, as its destruction was widely considered to be a symbolic loss of cultural knowledge.

30. Paragraph C- A rapid rise

Explanation: Paragraph C: Around the same time, private or personal libraries began appearing in what is known as "classical Greece" in the 5th Century BC Soon, libraries began emerging in Rome... By the time Augustus came to power, there were numerous libraries

31. Paragraph D -Library as a notable identity

Explanation: Paragraph D: libraries have grown from repositories of knowledge and culture to becoming the major landmark for cities

32. Paragraph E -Distinct features of existing libraries

Explanation: Paragraph E: The paragraph mentions a number of libraries with their special features.

33. Paragraph F -Usefulness of libraries for upcoming generations

Explanation: Paragraph F: Preservation of authentic writings or documented research is necessary for transfer of information from one generation to another. Libraries are the most reliable resource to meet this objective.

34. Paragraph G -Official rights are vital

Explanation: Paragraph G: If libraries did not possess an appropriate copyright exception, they would be unable to preserve or replace a damaged work while it is covered by its copyright

35. Paragraph H -Need to protect the treasure of knowledge and culture

Explanation:Paragraph H: Libraries are an intrinsic part of education, transfer of valuable knowledge, and preservation of unique cultures and traditions.... we must ensure that they continue to survive.

Questions 36-40

Look at the following libraries (36-40) and the list of information below.

Match each library with the correct information.

Choose the correct answer and move it into the gap

36. has the handwritten documents of a holy book

Explanation: Paragraph E. It holds within its walls the oldest complete manuscript of the Bible, and also has well over a million books within its halls.

37. does not exist today

Explanation: Paragraph B. However, this library is best-known for being burned down, as its destruction was widely considered to be a symbolic loss of cultural knowledge

38. an example of a private library

Explanation: Paragraph C...there were numerous libraries such as the one in the Porticus Octaviae near the Theatre of Marcellus, in the temple of Apollo Palatinus and the Ulpian Library in the Forum of Trajan. These were private libraries.

39. known as a national identity

Explanation : Paragraph D: The Library of Congress, which is the largest library in the world. It is open to the public and is the national library of the United States

40. has a distinctive building structure

Explanation: Paragraph E..the British Museum, this library is known for its collection of curated books. The architecture of this library has also set it apart from its counterparts across the United Kingdom.

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Kanan Intl EdTech Inc

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India Headquarters

Kanan International Pvt. Ltd.

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IT/ Digital Campus

Chennai Office

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About Kanan International

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Copyright © 2022 KANAN INT EDTECH INC. All rights reserved.