Free IELTS General Reading Practice Test 3- Section 1 (1-13 questions)

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SECTION 1

Read and answer the questions Q.1-13

READING PASSAGE 1

You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 1–13, which are based on Reading Passage 1 below.

DOMESTIC AND SOCIAL ROBOTS

Since robots these days are equipped to move around physical and social spaces of humans, their roles in our lives have changed significantly. In fact, a whole area of research known as Social Robotics has been developing.

The field of Human-Robot Interaction has undergone many changes. It has become possible to understand how humans can interact successfully with robots. Robots are not far from becoming a regular household presence, with the conception that robots can be made more human-like. This, in fact, is the main objective of social robotics- to design robots that are functional and intuitive in order to carry out social communications.
Domestic toy robots such as Lego’s Mindstorms, Ugobe’s Pleo and WowWee’s Robosapien are already available. Robots which can be used to clean the floor are also sold off the shelf. Numerous applications have been developed, such as Robot Receptionist which has a human form. With this application, the efficiency of a number of hospitals and hotels has increased. “Pepper” is being used as a receptionist in a hospital in Belgium. It can recognise the human voice in 20 languages, and can also differentiate male, female and child voices. However, there are many applications of robots that have not been envisioned until now. Researchers realise it is important to know customer choices to develop newer applications and they are already in the process.
Three major tasks have been postulated for domestic robot applications - entertainment, everyday tasks, and assisting the elderly and handicapped. When it comes to entertainment, robots are not really required to perform any specific tasks apart from carrying out interesting interaction sequences with users. Users are usually satisfied with the level of tasks being performed. The main objective is that the robot does not become boring. Relatively, there are a large number of everyday tasks. These are usually well-defined tasks - household jobs such as vacuum cleaning, fetch and carry tasks, ironing clothes, cleaning windows and moving objects from one place to another. The final category of assistance is for the elderly and handicapped people. There is a wide range of tasks to be performed and with a high degree of flexibility. These robots are extremely easy to use and can be operated with the help of simple instructions.
Although social robotics is still in its nascent stage, there are various situations in which a few robot designs have been successfully implemented. Social robots are considered to be complex physical entities which are embodied in a dynamic, social environment. They have sufficient abilities and are empowered to behave in a manner favourable to the community and its goals. Many social robots have been created to mainly demonstrate technical skills in specific and controlled scenarios. Between the years 1998 and 2015, around 220,000 service robots were estimated to be in use. A good number of professional service robots were sold in 2015, a rise of 25% compared to the previous year, and the revenue generated was USD 4.6 billion.
It has been estimated that total global sales revenue through household and personal service robots will grow at a rate of 23.5% per annum between 2015 and 2020. A survey conducted in Japan shows that a whopping 72% of the country was willing to accept robotic assistance in domestic tasks. Till date, the largest growth in this industry was recorded between 2010 and 2013. The number of robots for every 10,000 workers has also been studied. By the figures since 2015, it is as low as 36 robots per 10,000 workers in China, and 164 per 10,000 workers in the United States of America, whereas, it is as high as 478 robots per 10,000 workers in South Korea. This is definitely an area with tremendous potential.
With such dynamic applications of robots, the field of social robotics is constantly evolving. The scope of services provided by robots is massive and people have begun to embrace their existence and usefulness in the domestic sphere. We may be extremely close to the world which Isaac Asimov, the science fiction writer, had fabled in his books.

Questions 1-6

Reading passage 1 has six paragraphs. Choose the correct heading for each paragraphand move it into the gap.
Present applications and the future scope
Fiction becomes reality
Robots need to be socially interactive
Key features of robots
Statistics reveal current and future scenario
Criteria for varied applications
Not a distant possibility
Social robots have demonstrated efficiency
1
2
3
4
5
6

Questions 7-12

Complete the notes. Write ONE WORD ONLY from the passage in each gap.

Domestic Robot Tasks

Entertainment: No 7__________  assignments but conduct conversations
Interest of the 8_____________  must be captured.

Everyday tasks: 9 ____________ actions
Domestic chores that involve cleaning or rearranging 10 _____________

Assistance for elderly or disabled: A gamut of tasks require 11_____________ 
easy 12 _____________ to operate

Question 13

Choose the correct answer.

13 What is the main purpose of the author in writing this passage? 

  •  to highlight the necessity of domestic robots
  •  to demonstrate the efficacy of machine over man
  •  to compare different types of domestic robots
  •  to show why the concept of domestic robots is prospective

Also check:

IELTS reading practice test 3 section 2

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Kanan Intl EdTech Inc

Ph-1, 220, George Street, Toronto Ontario, Canada M5A 2N1

India Headquarters

Kanan International Pvt. Ltd.

D-wing, 2nd Floor, Trident Complex, Ellora Park Vadiwadi Road, Vadodara, Gujarat 390007

IT/ Digital Campus

Chennai Office

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About Kanan International

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Copyright © 2022 KANAN INT EDTECH INC. All rights reserved.