IELTS reading matching features

  • By Kanan Team
  • 05-05-2022
ielts reading matching features questions

Table of content

  1. IELTS reading matching features
  2. Explanation about IELTS reading matching features
  3. IELTS reading matching features - strategies and tips to solve
  4. Skills required to solve the IELTS reading matching features questions
  5. Challenges faced while answering the IELTS reading matching features questions
  6. How will I answer the IELTS reading matching features
  7. Difference between academic matching features and general matching features
  8. Matching features skill building exercise 1 (academic)
  9. Matching features skill building exercise 2 (general)
  10. Summary

IELTS reading matching features is a question type in the IELTS exam where you will match a list of options to a relevant set of statements. In this article you will get the tips and strategies to solve this question type and also sample questions with its answers. You will learn how to find the right answer for the questions quickly. Use the exercises given below to understand the question type and the method of solving it. 

The IELTS reading matching features questions is an important question type in IELTS. This article will cover everything you should know about answering the IELTS reading matching features question type. Practice this IELTS reading question type with the help of the exercises given to score high marks in the IELTS reading section.

ielts reading matching features strategies and tips to solve

Explanation about IELTS reading matching features

In IELTS reading matching features question, you will be matching the statement with the relevant features listed based on the reading passage. You will be given a passage in each matching features question type. The question will contain a list of sentences or statements and also a list of people, materials or any feature related to the statement from the first list. You have to match the statement with the correct feature given in the second list. 

IELTS reading matching features - strategies and tips to solve 

You should learn the different IELTS reading matching features, strategies and tips, to solve this question type. 

  • You should be able to scan through the passage to look for information given in the question.
  • You should also have a good vocabulary to identify the synonyms of the words in the question.
  • Underline the keywords in the question, so that you can know what to look for in the passage.
  • After reading the question, have a look at the options where you can choose. Then read the passage, to find the correct option. 
  • Skim through the areas of the passage that are having keywords or features.
  • Write the correct letters in the answer sheet.
  • Don't look for answers in any order as the questions will not have any particular sequence. 
  • The exam is time restrictive. So you have to read the passage fast.
  • Don't be confused in case the passage has synonyms of words from the passage. This might be given just to confuse you.
  • If the keyword comes multiple times in the passage, you have to read the surrounding information.

You should use these IELTS reading matching features strategies and tips to understand the question type and to find its answers correctly. Keep these tips in mind while answering the questions.

Skills required to solve the IELTS reading matching features questions

  • Scanning the paragraph for names and features
  • Identifying paraphrasing and synonyms
  • Finding the meaning from a given context
  • Noting the important information
  • Time management
  • Good vocabulary
  • Paraphrasing

Challenges faced while answering the IELTS reading matching features questions

  • To understand the strategies for solving the problems
  • Searching the answer from the passage correctly
  • Struggling to understand the meaning of sentences
  • Not able to follow the instructions carefully

How will I answer the IELTS reading matching features

First, read the questions given carefully. Then read the passage. While reading, you can underline the sentences that you feel is the answer for the questions. Focus on the options given below the questions. See if you can find the option in the passage and relate the option with the questions after reading the passage. You can write the correct answer in the answer sheet.

Difference between academic matching features and general matching features

The difference between IELTS academic and IELTS general matching feature questions is depending on the type of reading passage used.  The IELTS academic matching features will contain passages with topics that are relevant for anyone who is going to study at a college or university. IELTS general academic matching features questions will be based on topics that are of general interest. The question format will be the same but the passage topics will be based on academic topics in IELTS academic test and general topics in IELTS general.

You can find more details on IELTS academic reading matching features questions 

Check here for more details on IELTS general reading matching features questions

Matching features skill building exercise 1 (Academic)

Answer questions 1-4 based on the reading passage below.

Telepathy

Can humans communicate by their thoughts alone? From more than a 100 years ago experiments on telepathy have divided the scientific community. Today it is still a controversy among top scientists. 

Since the 1970s, parapsychologists at leading universities and research institutes around the world have been mocked by sceptical colleagues for putting the various claims for telepathy to the test in many rigorous scientific studies. The results and their implications are dividing even the researchers who discovered them. 

Some researchers say the results contain strong evidence that telepathy is real. Other parapsychologists believe the field is on the brink of collapse, because they failed to produce definitive scientific evidence. Sceptics and advocates alike do agree on one issue: that the most impressive evidence so far has come from the 'ganzfeld' experiments, a German term that means 'whole field'. Reports of telepathic experiences experienced by people while meditating lured parapsychologists to suspect that telepathy might involve 'signals' passing between people that were so faint that they were usually lost by normal brain activity. In such cases these signals might be more easily detected by those performing meditation-like tranquillity in a relaxing 'whole field' of light, sound and warmth.

In the ganzfeld experiment, they try to recreate these conditions with participants sitting in soft reclining chairs in a sealed room, listening to relaxing sounds, eyes covered with special filters and letting in only pink light. In the early ganzfeld experiments in 1980, the telepathy experiment involved identifying a picture from a group of 4 taken from a larger group of images. The idea was that a person acting as the 'sender' would attempt to send the image over to the 'receiver' in the sealed room.

After the session, this person was asked to identify which of the 4 images had been used. Random guessing would give a hit-rate of 25%; if telepathy is real, however, the hit-rate would be higher. In 1982, the results from the first ganzfeld studies were analysed by the American parapsychologist Charles Honorton. They pointed to typical hit-rates of more than 30% - a small effect, but one which statistical tests say could not be put down to chance.

Questions 1 - 4

Look at the following Questions 1-4 and the list of the statements below. Match each 

statement with the correct one

Write the correct letter A-E on your answer sheet.

NB You may use any letter more than once.

  1. Years since the telepathic experiments started
  2. Year when first results of ganzfeld experiments were analysed by Charles Honorton
  3. Year when early ganzfeld experiments started
  4. Year when parapsychologists stated putting claims for telepathy
  1. 1970
  2. 1980
  3. 1982
  4. 1970
  5. 1992
  6. 100
Answer for the skill building exercise 1

(Note: The text in italics is from the reading passage and shows the location from where the answer is taken or inferred. The text in the regular font explains the answer in detail.)

1 F 100

Explanation: From more than a 100 years ago experiments on telepathy have divided the scientific community.

2 C 1982

Explanation: In 1982, the results from the first ganzfeld studies were analysed by the American parapsychologist Charles Honorton

3 B 1980

Explanation: In the early ganzfeld experiments in 1980, the telepathy experiment involved identifying a picture from a group of 4 taken from a larger group of images. 

4 D 1970

Explanation: Since the 1970s, parapsychologists at leading universities and research institutes around the world have been mocked by sceptical colleagues for putting the various claims for telepathy to the test in many rigorous scientific studies.

Matching features skill building exercise 2 (General) 

Answer questions 1-5 based on the reading passage below.

Reducing the Effects of Climate Change

Our dependence on fossil fuels, and the volume of carbon dioxide already released into the atmosphere, has led experts to agree that global warming is now inevitable. They believe that the best we can do is keep the emission levels low. At present the only valid option for us is to cut down our carbon emissions. While a few countries are taking major action in this regard, other countries are having difficulty even limiting the rate of increase, let alone reversing it. An increasing number of scientists are exploring the alternative of geo-engineering — a term which refers to the calculated large-scale manipulation of the environment. According to its promoters, geo-engineering is like a backup generator. If Plan A - reducing our dependence on fossil fuels - fails, then we require Plan B - devise grand schemes to slow down or reverse the process of global warming.

Geo-engineering has proved to show results on a small localised scale. For many years, MayDay parades conducted in Moscow have taken place under clear skies, aircraft deposited dry ice, silver iodide and cement powder to disperse clouds. Many of the schemes now suggested look to reduce the amount of sunlight reaching Earth. The most catchy idea of all is suggested by Professor Roger Angel of the University of Arizona. According to his scheme they have to employ up to 16 trillion minute spacecraft weighing about 1 gms each, to form a transparent sunshade refracting sunlight in an orbit 1.5 million kms above the surface of the Earth. This could reduce the amount of light reaching the Earth by 2%, says Angel. 

Majority of the geo-engineering projects carried out so far include planting forests in deserts depositing iron in the ocean to stimulate the growth of algae. They have focused on achieving a general cooling of our planet. But some suggest reversing the melting at the poles, particularly the Arctic. The reason is that if we can bring back the ice sheets and frozen waters of the high latitudes, more light will be reflected back into space thus reducing the heating of the waters and atmosphere.

Questions 1 - 5 

Look at the following Questions 1-5 and the list of the statements below. Match each

statement with the correct one

Write the correct letter A-F on your answer sheet.

NB You may use any letter more than once.

  1. Present valid option to stop climate change
  2. Devise grand schemes to slow down or reverse the process of global warming
  3. Reduce dependence on fossil fuels
  4. Option that shows result in small scale
  5. Option to stimulate growth of algae in oceans
  1. Plan B
  2. Carbon emission reduction
  3. Deposit iron
  4. Plan A
  5. Restore ice sheets
  6. Geo-engineering
Answer for the skill building exercise 2

(Note: The text in italics is from the reading passage and shows the location from where the answer is taken or inferred. The text in the regular font explains the answer in detail.)

1 B Carbon emission reduction

Explanation: At present the only valid option for us is to cut down our carbon emissions. 

2 A Plan B

Explanation: we require Plan B - devise grand schemes to slow down or reverse the process of global warming.

3 D Plan A

Explanation: Plan A - reducing our dependence on fossil fuels

4 F Geo-engineering

Explanation: Geo-engineering has proved to show results on a small localised scale. 

5 C Deposit iron

Explanation: Majority of the geo-engineering projects carried out so far include planting forests in deserts depositing iron in the ocean to stimulate the growth of algae.

Check more for IELTS academic reading matching features exercise with answer 

Check more for IELTS general reading matching features exercise with answer

There are more reading passages and answers for matching features question type. To access them, follow the links below.

Summary

The IELTS reading matching features questions are tricky to solve. But if you practise well and know the tips to solve the questions, you can be confident of scoring good marks in the IELTS reading section. 

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