GRE Coaching in Nadiad

Show how smart you are to the international university you are going to join with your GRE score. The Graduate Record Examination popularly known as GRE is an important step in moving towards your international education dream is conducted by the Educational Testing Services (ETS). Kanan International provides regular GRE coaching in Nadiad and guides the students to score high in their first attempt.

 

Apart from GRE coaching in Nadiad, at Kanan International we provide additional coaching classes for other exams like TOEFL, IELTS, GMAT, SAT, PTE, etc. We are one of the best GRE coaching centres with experienced faculty members, efficient study material and regular mock tests. The entire syllabus prescribed by the ETS will be given training in our class at an affordable fee.

gre coaching in nadiad

What is the syllabus for the GRE course in Nadiad ?

Students aspiring to pursue a postgraduate degree from international universities in countries like the USA will take the GRE exam. It is not a qualifying exam but taken as a supplementary during the admission process. At Kanan International, during the GRE course in Nadiad, we cover the entire syllabus according to the latest curriculum prescribed by the ETS. The GRE exam is conducted in two formats- GRE General and GRE Subject test. The GRE subject test focuses on the individual’s subject knowledge in physics, chemistry, mathematics, and psychology. The GRE general is the preferred test appeared by the postgraduate degree aspirants. The GRE general test focuses on quantitative reasoning, Verbal reasoning, and Analytical writing skills. The overall exam duration is 3 hours and 45 minutes

GRE Quantitative Reasoning

The candidate's ability to solve the problems using mathematical models is tested in this section. This has 2 sections and 20 questions per section has to be solved in 70 minutes. The basic artistic calculations like, algebra, trigonometry, differentiation etc are brought into the play. On a computer based exam you can use the on screen calculator whereas in the paper & pen mode you are allowed to take the calculator with you.

GRE Verbal Reasoning

The candidates' understanding on the meaning of a particular words, idioms, data interpretation, view point, etc. are tested in the GRE Verbal reasoning test. The verb tense, Subject- verb agreement, pronoun agreement, idioms expressions are some of the topics covered in this section. The Verbal syllabus is divided into three parts as follows, Reading comprehension, Sentence Equivalence and Text completion. 

GRE Analytical Writing

The aspirants critical thinking skills and the writing skill is tested here. The GRE analytical writing test consists of one section with 2 tasks to be completed in 60 minutes. The individual has to express their opinion on the given argument or statement by analysing the situation and give their opinion on the argument with an example in a clear manner. 

Our GRE course in Nadiad is guaranteeing complete syllabus coverage by the best faculties in the city and thus ensures a high score in your first GRE attempt. Register now to book your slots in the next batch of GRE coaching.

What are the upcoming batches, schedules, timings, duration, course fees of the best GRE coaching center in Nadiad ?

Stop your search for the GRE coaching center in Nadiad with Kanan International. If you are really into getting a high score in GRE, then join Kanan International at a batch of your choice for an efficient training program at a very affordable rate of INR 25,000. We offer courses at time schedules that will be helpful for the individuals joining us. Why wait to join us? The batch details along with the fee structure are explained below.

GRE Batch in NadiadBatch starts onTimingDuration of the courseAvailability
Weekdays regular30 May 2022Flexible Timing between 9.30 AM - 8.30 PM60 hours
Weekdays morning31 May 20229.30 AM - 8.30 PM60 hours
Weekdays evening3 Jun 20229.30 AM - 8.30 PM60 hours
Weekends6 Jun 20229.30 AM - 8.30 PM60 hours
Online batch8 Jun 20229.30 AM - 8.30 PM60 hours
Fast-track batch8 Jun 20229.30 AM - 8.30 PM60 hours
GRE Batch in NadiadBatch starts onTimingGRE course fees in Nadiad Duration of the courseAvailability
Weekdays regular30 May 20229.30 AM - 8.30 PM60 hours
Weekdays morning31 May 20229.30 AM - 8.30 PM60 hours
Weekdays evening3 Jun 20229.30 AM - 8.30 PM60 hours
Weekends6 Jun 20229.30 AM - 8.30 PM60 hours
Online batch8 Jun 20229.30 AM - 8.30 PM60 hours
Fast-track batch8 Jun 20229.30 AM - 8.30 PM60 hours
Are you finding it difficult to join our upcoming batch? This is nothing to worry about, you can contact our counsellors and get customized batches according to your comfort zone. At the GRE coaching centre in Nadiad, we offer training for the candidates with well experienced candidates who are expertise in the subject and will be offering a complete guidance for them to face the GRE exam.

Who will train you?

What is the Coach/Trainer Profile of GRE classes in Nadiad ?

At Kanan International, we have well qualified professionals who will be handling the GRE coaching classes for the aspirants. 360 degree guidance will be given to the candidates once they join our coaching centre in Nadiad.

The average years of experience of our faculties are more than 9 years in training candidates for the GRE exam. The more experienced the faculty the more knowledge will be gained for the students.
Our faculties in GRE classes in Nadiad are more focused on mentoring the students to score high in their first attempt. Apart from syllabus other extra details are also shared by them to enrich the students knowledge.
The professionals are certified with any of the following certificates to prove their teaching skills. The certification programs are as follows TEFL (Teaching English as a Foreign Language), TESOL (Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages), TESL (Teaching English as a Second Language), CELTA (Certificate in Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages), etc.
Professionals but friendly nature of the trainers give an motivating environment for the students to pursue their GRE classes in Nadiad at Kanan International. The students are given a feel-free mindset to have inspiring training sessions.
Trainers provide concentration on each and every student present in the class, and help them to identify their skills. If any improvements are required, that is also cleared by our faculties with regular training.
The faculties are having hands-on experience in both classroom sessions and in online sessions. The students are given with choices to choose the mode of learning based on their wish.
Our trainers will be covering the entire syllabus prescribed by the ETS and will be providing study materials that are updated to the latest version. Any doubts the students can reach out to the faculties and get their queries answered.

10 reasons why you should enroll for GRE training in Nadiad at Kanan International

GRE training in Nadiad at Kanan International is one of the best training institutes in the city. The students here are trained to get high scores in their first attempt. We also help the students in exam registration, test preparation, exam center choices and so on. Here we are mentioning the top 10 reasons for joining the GRE class in Kanan International.

  1. Customized batches are available for the students to choose as per their flexible schedules. The students are given the options of Weekend, weekday, online, and fast-track batch.
  2. Our trainers are certified with certification programs that give them eligibility to train the students for GRE preparation.
  3. We are recognized and licensed with the ICCRC. Thus our trainers will also train the students for getting admission in the top international universities.
  4. Kanan International is one of the well known reputed institutions in Nadiad which has branches all over the country.
  5. The study materials offered by the institution are updated regularly as per the guidelines set by the ETS, and regular practice sessions are conducted for the students.
  6. Our trainers are well experienced in training the students for quantitative reasoning, writing skills and critical thinking skills and provide study materials for developing their individual skills.
  7. Separate doubt clearing sessions will be conducted after the class hours, where the trainers will give exclusive support for the students to cope up in their areas of improvement.
  8. We provide online coaching sessions for the students and the students can access their study materials after the class time in the online web portal. The students are given 24/7 access to the web portal.
  9. Weekly practice tests and mock tests will be conducted to assess the student's skill and the individual feedback will be given to improve their skills in all the sections of the exam.
  10. Apart from the GRE training, in Kanan International at Nadiad we also give training for 1000’s of students every year to clear their competitive exams like IELTS, TOEFL, GMAT, etc. to join their dream international university.

Thus our Kanan International GRE coaching institute in Nadiad is offering highly effective coaching for the GRE aspirants and helps them to gain higher scores. Join us for the best GRE training in Nadiad and achieve your international postgraduate education. 

What is GRE?

If you are looking for an opportunity to pursue your post graduate studies abroad then you can appear for the Graduate Record Examination known as GRE. The GRE score is used for the admission process in the universities as it is conducted by the ETS. The candidates can undergo the exam 5 times a year and the shortest duration between two attempts is 21 days. At Kanan international in Nadiad we offer complete guidance for the students to clear their GRE exam as well provide guidance for the students in choosing the course, college and in the visa processing.

Format of the GRE test

The GRE test is conducted in two formats, GRE General and GRE Subject test. The GRE General is the most preferred exam which is taken by the candidates who want to get admission in the international universities for their postgraduate education. Here the reasoning skills and the writing skills of the candidates are tested. The GRE Subject test is conducted for testing the in-depth knowledge of the candidates subject knowledge in the following subjects, Physics, chemistry, Mathematics and psychology. 

Who can do this GRE course in Nadiad?

Candidates who are planning to do their postgraduate education in the field of science, technology, engineering, maths, etc. in international universities can do the GRE course in Nadiad at Kanan International. The universities keep the GRE as a prerequisite for the admission process. Thus the students have to read the application before enrolling in the universities.

What is the eligibility or pre-requisite to join our GRE institute in Nadiad?

 Kanan International’s GRE institute in Nadiad, has offered the GRE course for the past few years and is guiding the students to clear the exam with flying colours. The students are required to tick-off the following eligibility criteria while joining the GRE institute in Nadiad. The eligibility criteria are as follows,

  • There is no specific eligibility criteria for joining the GRE coaching program.
  • The candidate must have completed their undergraduate education as the GRE exam is conducted only for the post graduate admission process.
  • There is no age limit for writing the GRE exam.
  • The exam can be written 5 times a year with at least a 21 days gap between the attempts.
  • The candidate must possess a valid passport provided by the Indian government.
  • Must be in a situation to produce at least one valid id card at the time of examinations.

If you have the above mentioned eligibility, then why do you have to wait to join our GRE institute in Nadiad. Make a call to our experts and get your batch chosen according to your flexibility and start your classes as soon as possible. Highly experienced professionals are present in our coaching centres to guide you through the entire GRE exam process.

GRE training with Spoken English classes

As the GRE exam is conducted by candidates who are wishing for abroad education, then the fluency of the English language is also important as they are required to communicate with the university staff as well with native speakers. In this case, Kanan International is conducting spoken english classes for the candidates who are interested in improving their vocabulary and are trying to learn the local ascent. Both GRE training and spoken English classes can be opted by a student at a very affordable rate in Nadiad.  

Batch size for GRE training in Nadiad

  • As the GRE test is conducted for testing the reasonability skills of the individuals, the batch sizes of our coaching class is kept limited to give individual attention to every student.
  • May it be weekend, weekday or online batch, the students in our GRE training in Nadiad will be provided with complete study materials and will be given coaching on every topic covered in the syllabus.
  • Limited number student batches gives an opportunity for every individual to communicate with the faculties and get their queries cleared in a reasonable time.
  • The coaching preparations training classes for GRE will be conducted by the experienced faculties as well highly efficient trainers from all over the country might be conducting seminars for the training program.
  • The GRE course in Nadiad is conducting regular practice tests, group discussions, exclusive seminars, course discussion sessions etc. for all batches of students present in our Kanan International.

Coaching modes for GRE preparation batches

  • Offline (classroom) GRE coaching sessions: If you love sitting in the class and listening to the lectures, then our class GRE coaching sessions will be the best choice for you. You can enroll in our upcoming offline batch and start your sessions to clear your GRE attempt with a high score. The complete study materials will be provided.
  • Online GRE coaching sessions: You can get GRE coaching from your home by opting for our online coaching methodology. By enrolling in the online session, you can learn and prepare for your GRE exam at your flexible time and the training sessions will be updated online for your future reference.
gre classes in nadiad
Have queries regarding GRE dates in Nadiad or GRE Nadiad center or GRE fees in Nadiad or GRE coaching classes in Nadiad?

If a high GRE score can ensure your postgraduate admission, then it is high time to join our GRE coaching at Nadiad at Kanan International. Here we offer exclusive training for the students to score high with our updated syllabus and teaching techniques. Any doubts regarding the GRE fees in India, GRE course fee, exam center choice selection etc. can be cleared by talking to our experts available at our office. 

Why wait more, when the opportunity is open. Just start enrolling in the upcoming batch and ensure your GRE scores are high. For more information, you are encouraged to raise your queries online in the social media using the hashtags #GREClassesinNadiad or #GREprepwithKanan. 

Reviews

Our students who are proud of their achievements, eventually become our brand ambassadors. We’re indebted to them.

Thank you doesn't adequately express my gratitude for the experience at Kanan International. The advice and services provided here are noteworthy. Kanan institute made me stronger and took a step ahead for being an Independent Woman.

testimonial 1

Zeel Gokani

Words fall short while expressing my experience at Kanan International Nadiad as the faculties there have been immensely supportive and with the help of their unmatchable guidance and individual attention i was able to achieve my desired band score of 7.5.

testimonial 1

Kanchi Narang

I am so glad to gain 7.5 in first attempt and the full credit goes to KANAN International Nadiad Centre. Trainers took a big effort to make me more eligible for the exam. I am thankful to all the teachers who help me in gaining this score. Many candidates of ielts exam find it pretty hard to secure a handsome score in some modules, especially in writing and speaking.

testimonial 1

Neel Dave

gre certificate in nadiad

Certification

At Kanan international we offer the students a course completion certificate after their GRE course inorder to encourage them in attempting for the exam with a positive approach. The candidate who has undertaken the complete training sessions and has cleared all the mock tests conducted by our trainers will be given the certificate. At kanan International GRE coaching institute in Nadiad, we have well qualified professionals for training the students and latest study materials that will be an added guidance for the individuals. 

 

If you want to make your international postgraduate education dream come true, then it is your call to Join in Kanan International for GRE coaching. Here separate classes will be held for both general and subject modules and the students will be trained accordingly. Apart from this we have abroad study managers who will help you to find the right college in the apt university of your choice. They also guide you in the visa and documentation process for reaching your destination.

gre certificate in nadiad

GRE General training in Nadiad

In GRE general training our faculties cover all the three sections of the test, quantitative reasoning, verbal reasoning and analytical writing. The enrolled candidates are offered with study materials that help them to score high. Apart from study materials, regular mock tests and preparation skills are taught to keep the students stand out among the lot. At Kanan International, we assure to cover all the topics as per the ETS syllabus and train the students to face the exam without any fear. Thus we are one of the top institutes in India providing GRE coaching nationwide.

GRE Subject training in Nadiad

The GRE subject training is conducted for the students who are wishing to prove their subject knowledge during the admission process in the universities. In this case the test is conducted for subjects like Physics, chemistry, psychology, and mathematics. At Kanan International, we have subject experts who will be handling the classes and giving instruction for the students to face the exam. The study materials offered here will be an added advantage for the candidates while preparing for the exam. They need not run around for books where everything required for the syllabus is covered in the materials given by us.  

 

Top scores from our GRE coaching in Nadiad

Are you ready to score high in GRE and to assure your postgraduate admission in universities in the USA? Then enroll in our GRE coaching in Nadiad, where we train 1000’s students every year and convert their dream to reality. 88% of our candidates have scored more than 70% of the total score whereas nearly 72% students have scored more than 90% in the GRE exam. Join us at Kanan International for GRE coaching and be one of the top GRE scores in the country. 

10000+

no of students in last 5 years

87%

score above 6.5 band

70%

score 7 band

      English coaching for TOEFL, GMAT, GRE and IELTS

      Though the GRE is a competitive exam, the English language is also playing an important role in clearing the test. Fluency and good vocabulary is required to clear the exam with high scores. At Kanan International we provide English coaching for the candidates to improve their language skills for facing the competitive exams like TOEFL, GMAT, GRE and IELTS. Our training sessions will help you to score more at an affordable fees structure.  

      Online GRE training in Nadiad

      To make the classes more convenient for the students, we at Kanan International are offering Online GRE training in Nadiad. The faculties will be available for the students to take the classes and conduct the mock tests online. The study materials will be given at the time of joining and the online sessions will  be available in the webportal for the candidates to refer to during the practice sessions. Though the classes are conducted online there will be no compromise in the training quality or in the number of mock up tests conducted. 

      Enroll now in the online GRE training in Nadiad.

      GRE coaching for Beginners, Intermediates and Advanced levels

      Are you well practised for the GRE exam but looking for a last minute guidance or stuck in the middle of the preparation or now only planning to start your preparation for GRE? If you are in whatever category we at Kanan International are conducting coaching classes to guide the students to clear the GRE exam. The eminent faculties will be handling the sessions and giving out preparation tips and suggestions to clear the GRE exam easily. 

      GRE Coaching for Study Abroad - General and Subject training

      Some international universities are expecting their international students to have a good GRE score in their eligibility list. If that is the case then the candidates should appear for the GRE exam and score the basemark required. Some universities may require a general GRE score whereas some require a Subject GRE score for their admissions. In Kanan International, we offer training for both the modules and help them in gaining a good score. Apart from GRE coaching, we have experts who will guide you for the entire examination process. Other competitive exams like IELTS, GMAT & TOFEL coaching are also given at our institute.  

      GRE doubt clearing sessions and Coaching discussions in Nadiad

      After the coaching class, the candidates will be given time for discussing that day's topic and get their queries cleared. During this session the candidates can openly discuss the topics with the faculties and the faculties will give clear explanations for the candidates. This session is also available for the candidates enrolled in the online class also. The candidates can also get their doubts cleared about the international universities, documents required, visa processing, course availability, etc. 

      Everything you need to know about GRE coaching in Nadiad
      • Eligibility: There is no particular eligibility criteria set for the GRE exam conducted by the ETS. As the exam score is required for the post graduate education admissions, the candidate has to have an undergraduate degree and good command over the English language.
      • Registration fee: In India, the GRE registration Fee is approximately around INR 15,800 or $213.
      • Types of GRE exam: The GRE exam is of two types, GRE General test and GRE Subject test.
      • Exam duration: The GRE exam is conducted for three hours and 45 minutes.
      • Number of exam retakes: In one year a candidate can take upto a maximum of 5 attempts with at least 21 days gap between the exam schedules.
      • How to reschedule: The GRE exam can be rescheduled online by logging in on the ETS website. You can reschedule for a convenient date and time or even cancel the exam.
      Tips for scoring high in GRE in the first attempt
      • Clearly understand the GRE test exam pattern before taking the exam. The session cut offs required and the exam duration are to be clearly known for preparation.
      • Keep practicing very often and update your english skills as per the latest syllabus prescribed by the ETS
      • Search for new words and start learning their meaning along with the spellings as minor errors might be the reason for low scores.
      • If you are of average level nevermind, you can also clear the exam easily. Just set your goal above the baseline required for your dream college and prepare working towards that goal.
      • Special concentration needs to be given for areas of improvement. You have to practice more on those areas compared to your familiar section.
      • Schedule your preparation plan and stick to the study plan. Give equal importance to all the sections in the syllabus and attend more and more mock tests to improve your scores.
      • Use excellent study materials that will help you cover the entire syllabus. At Kanan International we offer the students with high quality study materials for GRE preparation.
      • Track your progress to know where you stand. This can be done by taking preparation tests and to know where you are lagging behind and those areas can be concentrated more.
      • As there is no negative scoring in GRE, answer as many questions as possible in the exam. Guessing the nearly correct answer might sometimes prove effective in the competitive exams.
      • Join a good coaching institute for the training program. Kanan International is one of the leading GRE coaching institutes in Nadiad with experienced faculties and quality training sessions.

      Reach our GRE Coaching Center in Nadiad

      Kanan International GRE Coaching Center in Nadiad is located in some of the places like Anand, Mahemdavad, Kapadvanj, Dakor, Mahudha, Borsad, Khambhat bus depot, Fatehpur, etc.

      Address of our GRE Coaching Center in Nadiad

      4th Floor, Nadiad Nexus 1,

      Opp. Mcdonalds,

      Nadiad-387001, India

      Working hours : 08:00 am–09:00 pm

      Email ID : nadiad@kananinternational.in

      Landline : (0268) 2960501 / 502

      Mobile No :  +91 99982 71308

      FAQ - GRE coaching in Nadiad

      Are GRE tutorials in Nadiad operating during the present situation of Covid-19 pandemic?

      In the present pandemic situation the GRE tutorials in Nadiad are functional in the online mode for the student safety process. At Kanan International, taking student’s health into consideration the classes are conducted online and the students can select the batch of their wish.

      How long does it take to prepare for the GRE?

      You can do it all at once, likewise GRE preparation also requires a certain time period between 5- 15 weeks time based on your level. If in urgency to complete the course, then you can opt for the Fast-track course batch in Kanan International for a better GRE coaching in Nadiad.

      Will GRE tutorial in Nadiad offer home tutoring?

      In our GRE tutorial in Nadiad, we are not offering home tutoring, instead we are offering online classes which can be attended from home. The faculties handling out online classes are very experienced in handling the students coaching as well training them to face the exam. 

      What is the approximate fee for GRE tutorials?

      The GRE tutorials can be acquired at an affordable price. GRE coaching fees in Nadiad at the Kanan International is approximately around INR 15,000. Based on the customized classes, the cost of the classes might vary depending on your choice. 

      How long are the classes provided by GRE tutorials?

      At Kanan International, we provide the GRE tutorials for more than 60 hours. This may also vary depending on the batch choice you are opting for. For an individual to get completely trained in a GRE course, they may require at least 4-12 weeks of training along with coaching and practice sessions.

      What is the focus of GRE classes in Nadiad?

      The GRE classes are focused on training the candidates with sufficient skills to clear the exam with high scores. The GRE coaching provided in Kanan International is focused on training the students as well as getting them prepared for the international universities. Apart from training the students for GRE we also offer training for other competitive exams like IELTS, TOEFL, and GMAT.

      What can you expect from GRE coaching in Nadiad?

      In GRE coaching in Nadiad, you can expect to receive high quality education training for clearing your GRE exam. The students in Kanan International are provided with study materials and preparation tips for the GRE coaching. They are also given regular mock tests and preparation tests for improving their confidence for the exam.

      How can we help you to select the best GRE coaching in Nadiad?

      When it comes to GRE coaching there are a number of institutions offering coaching to the students. But you have to choose the class based on few criteria mentioned below,

      • Expertise study material.
      • Well experienced and certified trainers
      • Flexible class timings
      • Efficient study materials
      • Regular mock test & practice sessions. 

      Kanan International is one of the best GRE training institutes in Nadiad that has all the above mentioned criterias. Thus for an efficient GRE training session you can enroll in Kanan.

      Where are you located in the city , will it be easy for me to reach your place?

      We are located in the Uttarsanda road in Nadiad, which can be easily accessed by the areas like, Dabhan, Kamala Part, manjipura part, Anand, Mahemdavad, Kapadvanj, Dakor, Mahudha, Borsad, Khambhat bus depot, Fatehpur, etc. The accurate location of the class can be obtained from the google maps by searching the address Kanan International, Nadiad.

      Making your study abroad planning exciting, bright and way more easier.

      Sign up for a free 30-minute consultation

      study abroad consulation

      Making your study abroad planning exciting, bright and way more easier.

      Sign up for a free 30-minute consultation

      study abroad consulation

      Global Headquarters

      Kanan Intl EdTech Inc

      Ph-1, 220, George Street, Toronto Ontario, Canada M5A 2N1

      India Headquarters

      Kanan International Pvt. Ltd.

      D-wing, 2nd Floor, Trident Complex, Ellora Park Vadiwadi Road, Vadodara, Gujarat 390007

      IT/ Digital Campus

      Chennai Office

      132, Habibullah Rd, Satyamurthy Nagar, T. Nagar, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600017. Ph: +91 73051 21113

      kanan-ftr-phone+91 63570 12000

      kanan-ftr-phoneadmissions@kanan.co

      kanan-ftr-fbkanan-ftr-twitterkanan-ftr-youtube

      About Kanan International

      A truly global higher education partner to learners and education institutions. Supports learners at every point in their global education journey with its reliable services, products and solutions.

      kanan-ftr-logo

      Copyright © 2022 KANAN INT EDTECH INC. All rights reserved.

      Global Headquarters

      Kanan Intl EdTech Inc

      Ph-1, 220, George Street, Toronto Ontario, Canada M5A 2N1

      India Headquarters

      Kanan International Pvt. Ltd.

      D-wing, 2nd Floor, Trident Complex, Ellora Park Vadiwadi Road, Vadodara, Gujarat 390007

      IT/ Digital Campus

      Chennai Office

      132, Habibullah Rd, Satyamurthy Nagar, T. Nagar, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600017

      kanan-ftr-phone+91 63597 73959

      kanan-ftr-phoneadmissions@kanan.co

      kanan-ftr-fbkanan-ftr-twitterkanan-ftr-youtube

      Locations

      Navsari|Ahmedabad|Surat|Vadodara|Vallabh VidyanagarChennai|Dehradun|Vapi|Nadiad|Thrissur|Karnal|Indore|Bardoli

      About Kanan International

      A truly global higher education partner to learners and education institutions. Supports learners at every point in their global education journey with its reliable services, products and solutions.

      Copyright © 2022 KANAN INT EDTECH INC. All rights reserved.