Advantages of Public Transport Reading Answers

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The table below is the Advantages of Public Transport Reading Answers. Verify your answers with those given here.

You can improve even more by practising extra questions. Try to find the Advantages of Public Transport Reading Answers for the passage given below. 

Test your reading skills before writing the IELTS. Advantages of Public Transport reading answers article will help you test your skills needed to attempt the IELTS. With this passage you get an understanding about the question asked in the IELTS. You will learn 3 IELTS reading question types and how to correctly answer them. 

There are 14 IELTS reading question types that you have to prepare for. The Advantages of Public Transport reading answers article will help you with the following 3 question types.

  • IELTS Reading Note Completion
  • IELTS Reading Yes/No/Not Given
  • IELTS Reading Sentence Completion

7 thoughts on “Advantages of Public Transport”

Here are some thoughts about the Advantages of Public Transport Reading Answers article. This section will help you understand the passage better. 

  • Advantages of Public Transport Reading Answers with location includes the passage taken from the Cambridge 6 Test 2 Reading Answers. 
  • The passage tells us Advantages of Public Transport and how to make proper use of it.
  • The passage also mentions several cities and the differences in public transport in each city.
  • The passage is lengthy so you have to go through it quickly.
  • The Advantages of Public Transport reading answers article includes 3 question types and you have to answer all the questions.
  • Go through the instructions before you start to answer each question type. 
  • You must improve your vocabulary and reading skills before you attempt the IELTS. So make use of the exercises well.

Before attempting to write the Advantages of Public Transport Reading Answers, check the IELTS reading tips. 

Find the practice test with Advantages of Public Transport reading answers pdf, here. 

 

IELTS reading passage -  Advantages of Public Transport

Read the following passage before giving the Advantages of Public Transport Reading Answers. 

Advantages of Public Transport

Public transport is more efficient than cars. A new study conducted by the Murdoch University's Institute for Science and Technology Policy (ISTP) for the World Bank has demonstrated this. The study compared the percentage of wealth poured into transport by 37 cities around the world. The public and private costs of building, maintaining and using a transport system was included.

The study says that the Western Australian city of Perth is a city with minimal public transport. As a result, 17% of its wealth is spent on transport costs. On the other hand, few European and Asian cities spent as little as 5%. ISTP Director and Professor Peter Newman, said that these more efficient cities were able to put the difference into attracting industry and jobs or creating a better place to live. 

According to Professor Newman, in comparison, the larger Australian city of Melbourne is a rather unusual city. He explains it as 2 cities: 'A European city surrounded by a car-dependent one'. Melbourne's large tram network has lowered the car use in the inner city. As most other Australian cities the outer suburbs have the same car-based structure. The increase in demand for accommodation inside suburban Melbourne proposes a change in many people's choice as to where they live.

This is a new, broader way of considering public transport issues, says Newman. The case for public transport has been made in the past on the basis of environmental and social justice considerations rather than economics. However Newman believes that the study shows 'the auto-dependent city model is inefficient and not enough in economic as well as environmental terms'.

Even though bicycle use was not included in the study, Newman noted that the two most 'bicycle friendly' cities - Amsterdam and Copenhagen - were very efficient, even though their public transport systems were 'not special but reasonable'. 

The supporters of road networks reject the models of cities with good public transport by arguing that such systems would not work in that particular city. One objection is climate. Some people mentioned that they couldn't make proper use of public transport due to its extreme weather. Newman rejected this and said that public transport has been successful in both Toronto and Singapore and, in fact, he has checked the use of cars against climate and found 'zero correlation'.

Road lobbies are on stronger ground when it comes to other physical features. For example, for a city as hilly as Auckland it would be hard to develop a really good rail network, says Newman. He does note, however, that despite being hilly cities, both Hong Kong and Zurich have made a success of their heavy and light rail systems.

'The more democratic the process, the more public transportation is preferred,' Newman argues. He considers Portland, Oregon, a good example. Federal money was granted to build a new road a few years ago. However, local pressure groups instead wanted a referendum on whether to spend the funds on light rail. The rail idea was successful, and the railroad performed admirably. More rail systems were built in the years that followed, drastically altering the city's landscape. Portland has a similar population density to Perth, according to Newman. 

People avoided situations that forced them to spend more than half an hour travelling to work in the United Kingdom for at least 6 centuries. Trains and automobiles allowed people to live farther apart without having to travel longer distances. However, public infrastructure has not kept up with urbanisation, resulting in severe traffic congestion and much longer commute times.

There is a widespread belief that people who have more wealth encourage living farther out where cars are the only useful transport. The example of European cities refutes that. They are richer than their American counterparts but do not have the same level of car use. Car use has actually fallen in Stockholm in recent years as the city has become larger and wealthier. This notion is made much more forcefully in a new study. Automobile use is higher in developing Asian cities like Jakarta and Bangkok than in wealthier Asian cities like Tokyo and Singapore. The World Bank and the Asian Development Bank prohibited the construction of public transportation in later-developing cities, forcing residents to rely on vehicles, resulting in huge traffic jams.

The Urban Village report, which used Melbourne as an example, Newman believes is one of the greatest studies on how cities constructed for cars may be transformed to rail use. It was discovered that forcing everyone into the city centre was not the most effective strategy. Instead, the proposal recommended the creation of urban villages at hundreds of sites, mostly around railway stations.

As people were no longer forced into cities it was once assumed that improvements in telecommunications would lead to more dispersal in the population. The ISTP team's research however reveals that the population and job density of cities increased or stayed constant in the 1980s after decades of decline. The explanation for it is that it is valuable to place people working in related fields together. Our future world will mostly depend on the creativity of humans, and that flourishes where people come together face-to-face.'

Advantages of Public Transport IELTS reading questions

IELTS Reading Note Completion Question 1-5

Complete the notes below.
Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/ OR A NUMBER from the passage for each answer. 

1 Public transport is more ________ than cars.

2 Murdoch University's (ISTP) conducted the study for the ________.

3 In ________ 17% of its wealth is spent on transport costs. 

4  On the other hand, few ________ and Asian cities spent as little as 5%.

5 Peter Newman is the Director of ________ and a Professor.

Also check: IELTS Reading Note Completion

IELTS Reading Yes/No/Not Given Question 6-9

Do the following statements agree with the information given in the Reading Passage?
Write

YES if the statement agrees with the claims of the writer
NO, if the statement contradicts the claims of the writer
NOT GIVEN if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this

6 As the demand for accommodation inside suburban Melbourne increases, it changes many people's choice as to where they live.

7 Population and job density of cities decreased or stayed constant in the 1980s after decades of decline.

8 Forcing everyone into the city centre is not an effective strategy.

9  In Auckland it would be hard to develop a really good rail network.

Also check: IELTS Reading Yes/No/Not Given

IELTS Reading Sentence Completion Question 10-14

Complete the sentences below.

Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR A NUMBERS from the passage for each answer.

10 Melbourne's large ________ network has lowered the car use in the inner city. 

11 The case for public transport has been made in the past on the basis of environmental and social justice considerations rather than ________.

12 Amsterdam and _______ were very efficient, even though their public transport systems were 'not special but reasonable'. 

13 The supporters of ___________ reject the models of cities with good public transport by arguing that such systems would not work in that particular city. 

14 The World Bank and the Asian Development Bank prohibited the construction of public transportation in later-developing cities, forcing residents to rely on ________, resulting in huge traffic jams.

Also check: IELTS Reading Sentence Completion

 

Advantages of Public Transport Reading Answers with explanation

Check for the Advantages of Public Transport Reading Answers in this section. Cross check and verify the answers to see how you performed.

Answers for IELTS Reading Note Completion Question 

(Note: The text in italics is from the reading passage and shows the location from where the answer is taken or inferred. The text in the regular font explains the answer in detail.)

1 efficient

Explanation: Public transport is more efficient than cars.

2 World Bank

Explanation: A new study conducted by the Murdoch University's Institute for Science and Technology Policy (ISTP) for the World Bank has demonstrated this.

3 Perth

Explanation: The study says that the Western Australian city of Perth is a city with minimal public transport. As a result, 17% of its wealth is spent on transport costs. 

4 European

Explanation:  On the other hand, few European and Asian cities spent as little as 5%.

5 ISTP

Explanation: ISTP Director and Professor Peter Newman, said that these more efficient cities were able to put the difference into attracting industry and jobs or creating a better place to live. 

Answers for IELTS Reading Yes/No/Not Given Question
6 Yes

Explanation: The increase in demand for accommodation inside suburban Melbourne proposes a change in many people's choice as to where they live.

7 No

Explanation: The ISTP team's research however reveals that the population and job density of cities increased or stayed constant in the 1980s after decades of decline.

8 Yes

Explanation: It was discovered that forcing everyone into the city centre was not the most effective strategy.

9 Yes

Explanation:  For example, for a city as hilly as Auckland it would be hard to develop a really good rail network, says Newman .

Answers for IELTS Reading Sentence Completion Question
10 tram

Explanation: Melbourne's large tram network has lowered the car use in the inner city. 

11 economics

Explanation: The case for public transport has been made in the past on the basis of environmental and social justice considerations rather than economics.

12 Copenhagen

Explanation: Even though bicycle use was not included in the study, Newman noted that the two most 'bicycle friendly' cities - Amsterdam and Copenhagen - were very efficient, even though their public transport systems were 'not special but reasonable'. 

13 road networks

Explanation: The supporters of road networks reject the models of cities with good public transport by arguing that such systems would not work in that particular city. 

14 vehicles

Explanation: The World Bank and the Asian Development Bank prohibited the construction of public transportation in later-developing cities, forcing residents to rely on vehicles, resulting in huge traffic jams.

Check the other reading passages 

Click to check the other important IELTS reading passages listed below,

Conclusion

We hope the “Advantages of Public Transport Reading Answers” article will help students to prepare for the IELTS. These practice questions will benefit you to understand the type of questions asked in the IELTS and methods to answer it. 

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Kanan Intl EdTech Inc

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IT/ Digital Campus

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About Kanan International

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Copyright © 2022 KANAN INT EDTECH INC. All rights reserved.