IELTS General Reading Summary Completion

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Table of Contents

  1. IELTS General Reading Summary Completion 
  2. IELTS General Reading Summary Completion - Strategies & Tips to Solve 
  3. Summary Completion Skill Building Exercise 1 
  4. Summary Completion Skill Building Exercise 2 
  5. Summary Completion Skill Building Exercise 3 
  6. Answers for Skill Building Exercises
  7. Conclusion 

IELTS students struggled to answer IELTS general reading summary completion questions as they are not equipped with proven tips. In this task, you will be given summarized information of the text with some gaps. You are required to fill those gaps with exact words from the reading text. Sometimes, you need to pick the answer from the given list of options.  

Summary completion is a frequently asked question type in the IELTS Exam. To answer these questions effectively, you need to read the text with the aim of finding the details in the text and to grasp the main ideas. The answer can be found mostly in one part of the text.

When we asked the IELTS trainers what is the most important IELTS general reading question type, they answered summary completion. In this blog, you will get 12 expert proven tips and 3 skill building exercises to tackle the IELTS general reading summary completion questions well. Additionally, It can gear your performance in the IELTS general reading test. 

IELTS General Reading Summary Completion - Strategies & Tips to Solve 

IELTS experts recommended 12 IELTS general reading summary completion tips and strategies to crack the questions effectively. Implement these tips while you are answering to perform better.

  • Read the instructions properly. First of all, understand the organisation of the summary, it will help you to which part of the text you must focus on to answer the questions. 
  • Highlight the words which are close to the blanks. These are the words you can easily identify in the text. 
  • Underline the signpost words to help you navigate the passage. Words like “In addition/and/also” indicate the information in continuation. “However/though/In contrast/but” etc. denotes the shift in opinions or ideas. It guides you to identify the required part of the passage. 
  • Generate possible answers in your mind which help you to choose the appropriate word to answer. It could also help you to consider the necessary grammatical accuracy. Both basic grammar concepts and vocabulary will be tested in this task. 
  • Scan the passages to locate the words which you have highlighted. 
  • Don’t spend too much time on one question. Skip the question and move on to answer the other questions. Return back to the question that you have not answered
  • Check your answers whether it is grammatically correct or not. If it is not correct, it will affect your score. 
  • In this question type, your task is to complete a summary with words and/or a number from the reading passage.
  • Make sure you do not exceed the given word limit.
  • Read the heading of the summary and skim the passage to understand  what it is about. It also helps you to understand whether the summary covers a part of the passage or the entire passage. 
  • Try to recognise what type of information is required to fill the blank. It can be a noun, an adjective, etc.,
  • Do not write your own answer to the question. You have to pick the words from the reading passages. 
  • Make sure you do not change the word form. It needs to be exactly the same as presented in the passage. 

These IELTS general reading summary completion tips and strategies can help you to answer the questions without any trouble. 

Also read: IELTS general reading tips

Skills required to solve summary completion question

  • Scanning skill to locate the required information.
  • Able to identify the keywords.
  • Paraphrasing skill to understand the summary
  • Able to predict the appropriate word which completes the sentence.

Common challenges faced while answering summary completion question

  • One of the mistakes that students constantly make is not reading the instructions properly.
  • You might change the grammatical structure of the sentences which should not be done. 
  • You may spend too much time on a single question to answer. 

Summary Completion Skill Building Exercise 1

Answer questions 1-8 which are based on the reading passages below.

Marvellous Invention

Language should be in a special place as it is the supreme creation of human beings. In a materialistic point of view, the wheel, agriculture and sliced bread are really useful but language makes us a human being. As we know that language is the origin of everything that we have achieved, by this we can understand language topped in all of the inventions. Language enables us to increase our power over animals and nature itself. 

Language has attained its prestigious position not only because it came first. French grammarians of the Port-Royal abbey near Versailles emphasized the essence of language: ‘this marvellous invention of composing out of twenty-five or thirty sounds that infinite variety of expressions which, whilst having in themselves no likeness to what is in our mind, allow us to disclose to others its whole secret, and to make known to those who cannot penetrate it all that we imagine, and all the various stirrings of our soul’.These praises on language conceals a simple but crucial inconsistency. Mankind’s greatest invention is language, but, yes it is not actually invented. This contradiction held the language in a mysterious position. 

Language is constructed in a way that great craftsmen are skillfully crafted. Our mouth utters several sounds such as p,f,b,v,t,d,k,g,sh,a,e which are nothing but blabbering of the child, it does not have any meaning, it can’t describe or explain things. But by arranging it in a specific order, giving its life by using a language machine, it will do an enormous amount of things from expressing sickness or boredom to revealing the mysteries and secrets of the future. 

The unique thing about language is that there is no need to be a genius to use it. It can be used by people from pre-modern foragers to postmodern philosophers to convert nonsensical sounds to meaningfully constructed sentences which express subtle expressions and significant concepts. Triumphs of language are usually taking it for granted, this conceals the deceptive quality of language. 

Questions 1-8

Complete the summary below.

Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage for each answer.

Language is considered as one of the 1_______ creations of the human being and it is the 2______ of everything that we have accomplished. French grammarians of the 3_____ abbey near Versailles regarded the language as a marvellous invention. Though it has lots of praises, it conceals a simple inconsistency in language. We heard that 4______ greatest invention is language, but it is not  actually invented. We utter words like p,f,b,v,t,d,k,g,sh,a,e, by arranging it in 5________, we give it a meaning. Language can help us to express our boredom to reveal the 6_______ of the universe. It can be used by people from 7______ foragers to 8_____________.

Check answer for this exercise

Check more IELTS general reading summary completion exercise with answers

Summary Completion Skill Building Exercise 2

Answer questions 1-7 which are based on the reading passages below.

Light Pollution

In the Nevada desert, if you drive for hours in the south, you’ll find a dome of hazy gold on the horizon. And, you’ll confront a road sign which shows Las Vegas 30 miles away. The Big Dipper will be harder to find if you look skyward, which you found easily an hour ago.

For the past 15 years, light pollution has become more problematic across the country. Light pollution essentially means an artificial light illuminates more than the intended target of the zone. One can find lots of overlit shopping malls in the suburbs, 200 of the Milkyway’s 2,500 stars can only be seen in clear night. Both in big and small cities, light beams conceal the street itself. Street lamp’s 50 percent of the light is reaching more than the intended target. And, other over-illuminated things are billboards, shopping centres, skyscrapers and private homes. 

In satellite images of the United States, the outline of America becomes visible as it has an excess of lights. Some of the major cities which illuminates as a clusters are, New York, Boston, Seattle, Los Angeles, Houston etc., Superintendent of the McDonald Observatory in West Texas, Mark Adams says that lights are visible on high is proof of its wastefulness - “When you’re up in an airplane, all that light you see on the ground from the city is wasted. It’s going up into the night sky. That’s why you can see it.”

Light engineers deny the idea that these lights can ensure our safety. Elizabeth Alvarez of the International Dark Sky Association (IDA) explains that neighbours could shut their door because of the overly bright security lights. In this way, the criminal activity that occurs in the street may go unnoticed. Bright lights reducing criminal activity is not an actual truth. The Department of Justice reported that no correlation between the light level and crime level is found. Even more crimes are happening in the broad light than at night. 

Lights actually create problems for drivers. Glaring lights, even, blind the drivers temporarily which increases the probability of accidents. Some of the cities and states prohibit the use of light which impairs the night vision. For example, New Hampshire has a law which forbid the use of any, “any light along a highway so positioned as to blind or dazzle the vision of travelers on the adjacent highway.”

Questions 1-7

Complete the summary below.

Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage for each answer.

Light pollution means an 1______ light which illuminates more than the intended target. Overlit shopping malls are there in suburban areas and 50 percent of the 2________ light is reaching more than what is actually intended. In 3________ images of the United states, the outline of America becomes clearly visible as it has a surplus of lights. Superintendent of the McDonald Observatory in West Texas, 4_______ says that lights are visible on high is proof of its wastefulness. Elizabeth Alvarez of the International Dark Sky Association (IDA) explains that neighbours could shut their door because of the overly bright 5______.  By this way, the 6_______ that occurs in the street may go unnoticed. Lights actually create lots of problems for drivers. 7_______ , even, blind the drivers temporarily which may increase the probability of accidents. 

Check answer for this exercise

Attempt this free IELTS general reading summary completion mock test 

Summary Completion Skill Building Exercise 3

Answer questions 1-6 which are based on the reading passages below.

Listening to the Ocean

On Earth, the oceans cover more than 70 percent of the surface of the planet, but still we didn’t explore the oceans in its entirety as we did on the moon. For astronomers, the moon is more accessible as they are able to see it with naked eye and with telescopes.  By tuning the different wavelengths of light in telescopes, astronomers are able to determine the temperature and composition of the sun than only analyse the Earth’s atmosphere. Before the twentieth century, no analogous instruments were available to study the Earth’s oceans. Light, in its nature, can travel through space but can’t penetrate into the seawater. 

Investigators are fascinated by the sound and the way it travels in the medium of water. Leonardo da Vinci observed, during 1490 “If you cause your ship to stop and place the head of a long tube in the water and place the outer extremity to your ear, you will hear ships at a great distance from you”. In Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica, Sir Isaac Newton introduced a theory of sound propagation. In the mid-seventeenth century, investigators were able to measure the sound in air. A Swiss Physicist, Daniel Colladon and a French Mathematician, Charles Sturm, found a way to measure the speed of sound in water, precisely. 

The two-volume seminal work, The Theory of Sound published by British Scientist John William Strutt, is regarded as a beginning of the modern study of acoustics. Lord Rayleigh, Nobel Prize for Physics, made major discoveries in acoustics and the theory of wave propagation in fluids. Apart  from other things, Lord Rayleigh described a sound wave in a mathematical equation and how small particles scattering certain wavelengths of sunlight, this principle also applies in the behaviour of sounds in water. 

There are various factors that determine the distance and the duration of the sound travels underwater. Seawater particles can absorb, reflect and scatter certain frequencies of sound. Certain wavelengths of light will be absorbed by specific types of particles in the atmosphere. Compared to distilled water, seawater absorbs about 30 times as much amount of sound. Researchers learned that long wavelengths of the low-frequency sounds pass over tiny particles. In this way, it can cover a distance without loss through absorption or scattering. 

Questions 1-6

Complete the summary below.

Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage for each answer.

Oceans cover more than 1____ surface of the planet. Before the twentieth century, no 2______ were available to study the Earth’s oceans. Investigators are interested in how the sound actually goes through the water. Sir Isaac Newton in his Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica,  introduced a theory of 3_______. It studies how sound goes through in the medium of water. British Scientist John William Strutt, is considered as the beginning of the modern study of 4________.  5_______ won a Nobel Prize for Physics for having made major discoveries in acoustics and the theory of wave propagation in 6______.

Check answer for this exercise

Check more IELTS general reading summary completion practice questions

Answers for Skill Building Exercises

Answer for Skill Building Exercise 1

(Note: The text in italics is from the reading passage and shows the location from where the answer is taken or inferred. The text in the regular font explains the answer in detail.)

1.   Supreme

Explanation: Language should be in a special place as it is the supreme creation of human beings. 

2.   Origin

Explanation: As we know that language is the origin of everything that we have achieved, by this we can understand language topped in all of the inventions

3.   Port-Royal

Explanation: French grammarians of the Port-Royal abbey near Versailles emphasized the essence of language: ‘this marvellous invention of composing out of twenty-five or thirty sounds that infinite variety of expressions which, whilst having in themselves no likeness to what is in our mind, allow us to disclose to others its whole secret, and to make known to those who cannot penetrate it all that we imagine, and all the various stirrings of our soul’.

4.   Mankind’s

Explanation: Mankind’s greatest invention is language, but, yes it is not actually invented. This contradiction held the language in a mysterious position.

5.   specific order

Explanation: …. it does not have any meaning, it can’t describe or explain things. But by arranging it in a specific order, giving its life by using a language machine, it will do an enormous amount of things from expressing sickness or boredom to revealing the mysteries and secrets of the future. 

6.   mysteries/secrets

Explanation: But by arranging it in a specific order, giving its life by using a language machine, it will do an enormous amount of things from expressing sickness or boredom to revealing the mysteries and secrets of the future. 

7.   Pre-modern

Explanation: It can be used by people from pre-modern foragers to postmodern philosophers to convert nonsensical sounds to meaningfully constructed sentences which express subtle expressions and significant concepts

8.   Postmodern philosophers

Explanation: It can be used by people from pre-modern foragers to postmodern philosophers to convert nonsensical sounds to meaningfully constructed sentences which express subtle expressions and significant concepts

Answer for Skill Building Exercise 2

(Note: The text in italics is from the reading passage and shows the location from where the answer is taken or inferred. The text in the regular font explains the answer in detail.)

1.   Artificial

Explanation: Light pollution essentially means an artificial light illuminates more than the intended target of the zone

2.   Street lamp

Explanation: Street lamp’s 50 percent of the light is reaching more than the intended target. 

3.   Satellite

Explanation: In satellite images of the United States, the outline of America becomes visible as it has an excess of lights.

4.   Mark Adams

Explanation: Superintendent of the McDonald Observatory in West Texas, Mark Adams says that lights are visible on high is proof of its wastefulness 

5.   Security lights

Explanation: Elizabeth Alvarez of the International Dark Sky Association (IDA) explains that neighbours could shut their door because of the overly bright security lights

6.   criminal activity

Explanation:  In this way, the criminal activity that occurs in the street may go unnoticed.

7.   Glaring lights

Explanation: Lights actually create problems for drivers. Glaring lights, even, blind the drivers temporarily which increases the probability of accidents. 

Answer for Skill Building Exercise 3

(Note: The text in italics is from the reading passage and shows the location from where the answer is taken or inferred. The text in the regular font explains the answer in detail.)

1.   70 percent

Explanation: On Earth, the oceans cover more than 70 percent of the surface of the planet, but still we didn’t explore the oceans in its entirety as we did on the moon.

2.   Analogous instruments

Explanation: Before the twentieth century, no analogous instruments were available to study the Earth’s oceans. Light, in its nature, can travel through space but can’t penetrate into the seawater. 

3.   Sound propagation

Explanation:  In Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica, Sir Isaac Newton introduced a theory of sound propagation. 

4.   Acoustics

Explanation: The two-volume seminal work, The Theory of Sound published by British Scientist John William Strutt, is regarded as a beginning of the modern study of acoustics. 

5.   Lord Rayleigh

Explanation: Lord Rayleigh, Nobel Prize for Physics, made major discoveries in acoustics and the theory of wave propagation in fluids. 

6.   Fluids

Explanation: Lord Rayleigh, Nobel Prize for Physics, made major discoveries in acoustics and the theory of wave propagation in fluids. 

Also check IELTS general reading matching sentence endings 

You can do the IELTS preparation with the below given passage and practise not only summary completion but also other question types.

Conclusion

IELTS Students, just like you, tripled their performance rate by using the tips and summary completion exercises given in this article. You can utilize these resources for your IELTS preparation. 

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Global Headquarters

Kanan Intl EdTech Inc

229, Yonge Street Suite 450 Toronto Ontario, Canada M5B 1N9

India Headquarters

Kanan International Pvt. Ltd.

D-wing, 2nd Floor, Trident Complex, Ellora Park Vadiwadi Road, Vadodara, Gujarat 390007

IT/ Digital Campus

Chennai Office

132, Habibullah Rd, Satyamurthy Nagar, T. Nagar, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600017

kanan-ftr-phone+91 63597 73959

kanan-ftr-phoneadmissions@kanan.co

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About Kanan International

A truly global higher education partner to learners and education institutions. Supports learners at every point in their global education journey with its reliable services, products and solutions.

Copyright © 2022 KANAN INT EDTECH INC. All rights reserved.