The Falkirk Wheel Reading Answers

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Find The Falkirk Wheel Reading Answers below. The solutions for all 13 questions are mentioned here.

To get more confidence in solving the IELTS test, please try out more practice questions. Find The Falkirk Wheel Reading Answers for 3 IELTS question types in this article. 

The IELTS reading section is a part of the test that challenges your reading skills and your ability to understand the passage. The Falkirk Wheel Reading Answers will guide you to better understand the types of questions asked in the IELTS reading section.

In The Falkirk Wheel Reading Answers article we will discuss the question and answers for 3 IELTS reading question types. This passage briefly describes what the Falkirk wheel is and how it was used by the people of Scotland. The question types given in this article are:

  • IELTS Reading Note Completion
  • IELTS Reading Locating Information
  • IELTS Reading Short Answer Questions

6 thoughts on The Falkirk Wheel

Before getting into The Falkirk Wheel IELTS Reading Answers, let us discuss the passage and how you should approach it.

  • The Falkirk Wheel IELTS Reading Answers contains 8 paragraphs which you have to go through to find answers.
  • The passage contains too many names and numbers, but you should not be confused. Read again before you confirm an answer.
  • As the passage is long enough you should be quick in reading the passage. The test will be time restricted and you must learn to manage your time.
  • This passage is taken from the Cambridge 11 Test 1 and we have developed new questions for you.
  • If you don't understand the meaning of certain words or phrases, improve your vocabulary before attempting the IELTS.
  • The Falkirk Wheel IELTS Reading Answers with location article will improve your understanding about the question types and will assist you in attempting the questions.

Before attempting to write The Falkirk Wheel IELTS Reading Answers, check the IELTS reading tips.

Find the practice test with The Falkirk Wheel IELTS reading answers pdf, here. 

IELTS reading passage - The Falkirk Wheel

Read this passage and solve The Falkirk Wheel IELTS reading answers  

The Falkirk Wheel

  1. The world's one and only rotating boat lift, The Falkirk Wheel, was opened in 2002 in Scotland. It was an ambitious £84.5m Millennium Link project constructed to restore navigation across Scotland by bringing together the historic waterways of the Forth & Clyde and Union Canals.
  2. The biggest challenge of the project is the fact that the Forth & Clyde Canal is situated 35 metres below the level of the Union Canal. Historically, the two canals were linked near Falkirk by a series of 11 locks that stepped down over 1.5 kilometres. The link was cut when this was removed in 1933. When the project was begun in 1994 the British Waterways authority wanted to build a stunning 21st century monument that would not only be a worthy memorial of the Millennium, but also a long lasting evidence of the region's economic revival.
  3. Many ideas and concepts like rolling eggs to tilting tanks, from giant seesaws to overhead monorails were submitted for the project. A concept for the massive spinning steel boat lift that would become The Falkirk Wheel was eventually chosen as the winner. The structure's shape is said to have been influenced by many man-made and natural elements, including a Celtic double-headed axe, as well as a ship's massive propeller, whale ribcage, and fish spine.
  4. The components of The Falkirk Wheel were constructed at Butterley Engineering's Steelworks in Derbyshire and assembled, like one giant toy building set, 400 km from Falkirk. A team assembled the 1,200 tonnes of steel there, carefully putting the components together to a precision of 10 mm to assure a proper final fit. The structure was then dismantled and brought to Falkirk in 35 lorries during the summer of 2001, before being bolted back together on the ground and raised into place in 5 big pieces by crane. To make the structure more robust, the steel components were bolted together rather than welded together. Over 45,000 bolt holes were hand-matched to their corresponding bolts, and each bolt was tightened using the hand.
  5. The Falkirk Wheel has 2 sets of opposing axe-shaped arms, at about 25 metres apart to a fixed central spine.
  6. Two water-filled 'gondolas', each diametrically opposed and having a capacity of 360,000 litres, are fitted between the ends of the arms. Whether or not they're hauling boats, these gondolas always weigh the same. Floating objects displace their own weight in water, according to Archimedes' principle of displacement. As a result, when a boat enters a gondola, the volume of water exiting the gondola is equal to the weight of the boat. This maintains the Wheel's balance, allowing it to rotate through 180 degrees in 5.5 minutes while consuming relatively less energy. The Wheel rotates with only 1.5 kWh (5.4 MJ) of energy, which is about equivalent to boiling eight small home kettles of water.
  7. Boats requiring lifting enter the canal basin at the level of the Forth & Clyde Canal, then the Wheel's lower gondola. 2 hydraulic steel gates are raised to isolate the gondola from the canal basin's water. After that, the water between the gates is pumped out. A hydraulic clamp that stops the Wheel's arms from moving while docked is released, allowing the Wheel to turn. The central axle is then rotated by a 10-motor array in the central machine room. The axle links to the Wheel's outer arms, which begin rotating at 1/8 of a revolution each minute. A simple gearing arrangement keeps the gondolas upright as the wheel turns. Two 8-metre-wide cogs orbit a fixed inner cog of the same width, which is connected by two smaller cogs that go in the opposite direction as the outer cogs, ensuring that the gondolas are constantly level. The boat passes directly onto the aqueduct, which is 24 metres above the canal basin, when the gondola has reached the top.
  8. A pair of locks provide the final 11 metres of elevation required to access the Union Canal. Because of the presence of the historically significant Antonine Wall, which was built by the Romans in the second century AD, the Wheel could not be built to elevate boats over the entire 35-metre distance between the 2 canals. Boats pass through a tunnel beneath the wall, through the locks, and onto the Union Canal. 

The Falkirk Wheel IELTS reading questions

IELTS Reading Note Completion Questions 1-5

Complete the notes below.
Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/ OR A NUMBER from the passage for each answer. 

1 The Falkirk Wheel is the world's one and only rotating ________.

2 Forth & Clyde Canal is situated 35 metres below the level of the ________ 

3 Celtic ________ axe influenced The Falkirk Wheel.

4 The Falkirk Wheel has 2 sets of opposing ________ arms

5 Floating objects displace their own ________ in water

Also check: IELTS reading Note Completion 

IELTS Reading Locating Information Questions 6-10

This reading passage has eight paragraphs, A–H.
Which paragraph contains the following information?
Write the correct letter, A-H, as your answer to each question.
Note: You may use any letter more than once. 

6 The Falkirk Wheel is an ambitious £84.5m Millennium Link project constructed to restore navigation across Scotland.

7 The Falkirk Wheel was influenced by many man-made and natural elements.

8 The Wheel rotates with only 1.5 kWh (5.4 MJ) of energy.

9 Antonine Wall was built by the Romans in the second century AD

10 The components of The Falkirk Wheel were constructed at Butterley Engineering's Steelworks

Also check: IELTS reading Locating Information

IELTS Reading Short Answer Questions 11-14

Answer the questions below.
Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS from the passage for each answer.

11 When was The Falkirk Wheel opened? 

12 How many arms does the Falkirk Wheel have?

13 What is the capacity of the gondolas?

14 When did the Falkirk Wheel project start?

Also check: IELTS reading Short Answer Questions

The Falkirk Wheel IELTS reading answers with explanation

After attempting the questions, check The Falkirk Wheel IELTS reading answers with explanation in this section. 

Answers for IELTS Reading Note Completion Questions

(Note: The text in italics is from the reading passage and shows the location from where the answer is taken or inferred. The text in the regular font explains the answer in detail.)

1 boat lift 

Explanation: The Falkirk is the world's one and only rotating boat lift

2 Union Canal 

Explanation: Forth & Clyde Canal is situated 35 metres below the level of the Union Canal

3 double-headed

Explanation: The structure's shape is said to have been influenced by many man-made and natural elements, including a Celtic double-headed axe, as well as a ship's massive propeller, whale ribcage, and fish spine.

4 axe-shaped

Explanation: The Falkirk Wheel has 2 sets of opposing axe-shaped arms

5 weight 

Explanation: Floating objects displace their own weight in water.

Answers for IELTS Reading Locating Information Questions
6 Paragraph A

Explanation:  It was an ambitious £84.5m Millennium Link project constructed to restore navigation across Scotland by bringing together the historic waterways of the Forth & Clyde and Union Canals. 

7 Paragraph C

Explanation: The structure's shape is said to have been influenced by many man-made and natural elements, including a Celtic double-headed axe, as well as a ship's massive propeller, whale ribcage, and fish spine.

8 Paragraph F 

Explanation: The Wheel rotates with only 1.5 kWh (5.4 MJ) of energy, which is about equivalent to boiling eight small home kettles of water. 

9 Paragraph H 

Explanation: Because of the presence of the historically significant Antonine Wall, which was built by the Romans in the second century AD, the Wheel could not be built to elevate boats over the entire 35-metre distance between the 2 canals. 

10 Paragraph D

Explanation: The components of The Falkirk Wheel were constructed at Butterley Engineering's Steelworks in Derbyshire and assembled, like one giant toy building set, 400 km from Falkirk. 

Answers for IELTS Reading Short Answer Questions
11 2002 

Explanation: The world's one and only rotating boat lift, The Falkirk Wheel, was opened in 2002 in Scotland.

12 2

Explanation: The Falkirk Wheel has 2 sets of opposing axe-shaped arms, at about 25 metres apart to a fixed central spine.

13 360,000 litres 

Explanation: Two water-filled 'gondolas', each diametrically opposed and having a capacity of 360,000 litres, are fitted between the ends of the arms.

14 1994 

Explanation: When the project was begun in 1994 the British Waterways authority wanted to build a stunning 21st century monument that would not only be a worthy memorial of the Millennium, but also a long lasting evidence of the region's economic revival.

Check the other reading passages

Click to check the other important reading passages listed below,

Conclusion

“The Falkirk Wheel reading answers“ article consists of 3 IELTS reading question types. The solutions to these questions have also been included in this article. We believe these practice questions will help with your preparation and enhance your chance of scoring well in the IELTS.

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Kanan Intl EdTech Inc

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Kanan International Pvt. Ltd.

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IT/ Digital Campus

Chennai Office

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