Bar graph task 1

  • By Kanan Team
  • 12-08-2022
IELTS writing task 1 bar graph

Describe a bar graph task 1, which is the common question in the IELTS writing academic task 1 test. Bar chart task 1 is similar to line charts. In this task, you will be given a bar graph and asked to write an essay of at least 150 words in 20 mins. The essay answer should briefly explain the facts shown in the task 1 bar graph. IELTS writing task 1 is different from the IELTS writing general task 1. 

Bar chart essay writing is one of the most significant questions in the IELTS writing task 1 bar chart. Read the complete article to get more information about bar graph task 1 essay as we have included everything here. Practice the IELTS writing task 1 sample exercises given here to achieve your expected band score in the IELTS writing section. 

How to write a bar graph task 1 essay?

How to write a bar graph essay?

Read this section clearly to know how to describe the bar graph in a 150 words essay. Prior to that, you need to understand the essay structure of the bar graph IELTS task 1. The essay's main structure comes in four sections, 

  1. Introduction
  2. Overview
  3. Main feature 1
  4. Main feature 2

The above given is the main structure of the bar graph essay. Then, find the below steps to write a perfect essay.

Alright, let’s discuss the steps involved in describing the bar chart essay as follows,

  • Step 1: Analyse the question
  • Step 2: Identify the main features
  • Step 3: Introduction writing
  • Step 4: Writing an overview
  • Step 5: Writing the details paragraph 1
  • Step 6: Writing the details paragraph 2

To write the bar chart essay in an efficient way, make use of the expert proven IELTS writing task 1 tips

Model practice question

Find the practice question and step-by-step process to write a bar graph essay writing provided below for your clear understanding.

The bar graph shows different methods of waste disposal in four cities; Toronto, Madrid, Kuala Lumpur, and Amman.
 
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

Summarise the information by describing the main features of the chart and making comparisons where appropriate. Write at least 150 words

Model practice question

Step 1: Analyse the question

The first step to write an essay is to analyse the given question properly. Bar graph question always comes with the following three pieces of information,

  1. Description of the bar chart
  2. Instructions to be followed
  3. Bar graph

In the instruction section, you will be instructed to select the main features from the bar graph, then explain the main features, and finally compare the main features.

Question analysis of the practice question:

Here is the question of practice question,

The bar graph shows different methods of waste disposal in four cities: Toronto, Madrid, Kuala Lumpur, and Amman.

Summarise the information by describing the main features of the graph and making comparisons where appropriate. 

The above question mentions that the bar graph includes information on different methods of waste disposal in different cities. In the second sentence, you are instructed to describe and compare the main features of the given bar chart.

Step 2: Identifying the main features

IELTS academic writing task 1 bar graph essay writing is to test your language, grammar, and writing task 1 vocabulary skills. Check and analyze the given bar graph clearly so that is easy to understand and compare the information. 

Get some key points below that helps you to find the main feature of the bar chart,

  • Check out whether the graph is static or dynamic.
  • Analyse the graph to understand the information on both the horizontal and vertical axis.
  • Next, notice the units of measurement given in the graph.
  • Check the period of time mentioned.
  • Tell about the information you find by analysing the data given in the chart.
  • Mention the huge differences and similarities you recognize from the graph’s data.

Main features of the model practice question:

The main feature of the practice question start given below,

  • The graph represents the percentage of waste disposal using different methods in different cities.
  • The landfill method uses more by Toronto and Amman while Madrid disposes 29 % of waste and Kuala Lumpur 15 to 20 % of waste using the landfill method.
  • Kuala Lumpur uses the incineration method more than other cities. Madrid and Amman use this method to dispose of almost a similar amount of waste. While Toronto is the city that used the incineration method only to dispose of less waste.
  • Madrid and Kuala Lumpur use the same quantity of waste for recycling.
  • All four countries rarely use the composting method to dispose of waste, less than 10 % of waste. 

Step 3: Writing an introduction (Paragraph 1)

The introduction is the major and leading section in this IELTS academic writing task 1 bar graph essay writing. First, read the question clearly and properly paraphrase the question using some suitable synonyms. Then write the information that the bar graph represents like about two axes, units or percentages, and the main idea of the chart. 

Introduction of the model practice bar graph question:

The bar graph task 1 is about the various methods of waste disposal in different cities like Toronto, Madrid, Kuala Lumpur, and Amman which are on the X-axis. The Y-axis of the graph represents the percentage of the waste disposal quantity. 

Step 4: Writing an overview (Paragraph 2)

This is the second paragraph of the essay where you have to mention the main features you can understand from the given graph. You can also mention the comparison you found and everything should be written as an essay. No vocabulary or grammar structure is required but the main feature should be mentioned in 40 words.

Overview of the model practice bar graph questions:

Of the four various waste disposal methods, landfills and incinerators are the two most commonly used waste disposal methods in the four different cities. Toronto is a city that uses landfills for over 70% of its waste disposal. At the same time, Kuala Lumpur uses incineration for more than 50% to dispose of its waste. 

Step 5: writing the 1st detail paragraph

The next paragraph should contain a clear description of the data presented in the bar graph and will be the third paragraph of your essay. Also, mention the proof to support the main features. Moreover, you can specify the comparison, if any.

1st detailed paragraph of the model practice bar graph question:

Based on the bar graph, Toronto uses landfills to dispose of more than 70% of its trash, whereas Amman uses this approach for about 50% of its waste disposal. This method is utilized to dispose of 29 percent and 18 percent of waste in Madrid and Kuala Lumpur, respectively. More than half of Kuala Lumpur's waste is disposed of through incineration, one more common technique of waste disposal. In Amman and Madrid, respectively, this procedure is utilized to get rid of 38% and 40% of garbage. While Toronto disposes only 10% of its waste using the incineration method.

Step 6: Writing the 2nd detail paragraph

Finally, you are going to conclude your essay because this is your last paragraph where you are going to state the rest of the features and examples here. You can also write a comparison here if you have something to mention.

2nd detailed paragraph of the model practice bar graph question:

About 23% of the garbage in Madrid and Kuala Lumpur is disposed of using recycled materials. Less than 10% of all waste is disposed of in Toronto and Amman using this method. Compositing, which accounts for 2 - 8% of all garbage generated in these four cities, is the least popular method of waste disposal.

Know more about the IELTS writing task 1 types to get familiarity with the essay types. 

Sample bar graph essay

Here is your complete essay,

The bar graph task 1 is about the various methods of waste disposal in different cities like Toronto, Madrid, Kuala Lumpur, and Amman which are on the X-axis. The Y-axis of the graph represents the percentage of the waste disposal quantity. 

Of the four various waste disposal methods, landfills and incinerators are the two most commonly used waste disposal methods in the four different cities. Toronto is a city that uses landfills for over 70% of its waste disposal. At the same time, Kuala Lumpur uses incineration for more than 50% to dispose of its waste. 

Based on the bar graph, Toronto uses landfills to dispose of more than 70% of its trash, whereas Amman uses this approach for about 50% of its waste disposal. This method is utilized to dispose of 29 percent and 18 percent of waste in Madrid and Kuala Lumpur, respectively. More than half of Kuala Lumpur's waste is disposed of through incineration, one more common technique of waste disposal. In Amman and Madrid, respectively, this procedure is utilized to get rid of 38% and 40% of garbage. While Toronto disposes only 10% of its waste using the incineration method.

About 23% of the garbage in Madrid and Kuala Lumpur is disposed of using recycled materials. Less than 10% of all waste is disposed of in Toronto and Amman using this method. Compositing, which accounts for 2 - 8% of all garbage generated in these four cities, is the least popular method of waste disposal.

Also Read: IELTS Writing Band Descriptors

IELTS sample bar graph 1

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The bar graph below shows the percentage of Australian men and women in different age groups who did regular physical activity in 2010.

Summarise the information by describing the main features of the chart and making comparisons where appropriate. Write at least 150 words

IELTS sample bar graph 1

Model answer 1

The bar graph task 1 represent the percentage of Australian men and women of different age groups doing physical activity in the year 2010. 

Analyzing the bar graph, women between the ages of 25 and 64 engage in more physical activity than men. Only the 15 to 24-year age group has higher male participation. Also, both men and women above 65 years are doing their exercises regularly.

More than 52% of males began to report greater physical activity participation between the ages of 15 – 24. Then their participation gradually lowers from 52.8% to 42.2% between 25 - 44 years of age compared to women. Again, there was an improvement found in male participation from age 55 onwards. Finally, they started giving equal toughness to females in doing exercises.

However, over 50% of women between the ages of 35 and 64 engaged in regular physical activity. Ages 65 and older and young women between 15 - 24 had the lowest rates of physical activity, respectively. It's interesting to note that, despite less regularity of physical activity than women do, the ratio was almost the same for men and women 65 and older.

Word count - 189 words

IELTS sample bar graph 2

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The bar graph below shows the number of overseas students enrolled in a third-year Computer Science course at a Canadian college.

Summarise the information by describing the main features of the chart and making comparisons where appropriate. Write at least 150 words

IELTS sample bar graph 2

Model answer 2

The above given bar graph task 1 shows the statistics of the overseas students from four different countries who enrolled in two particular computer science courses offered by Canadian universities.

On the whole, it is evident that the Networking core option is dominated by women in all four countries except France women, whereas the Database core option is filled with more men.

The data in the graph shows that students are enrolled in the Networking core option from all five different countries. Moreover, The networking core option was not selected by any female students from France. 4 Singaporean male students were included in the database exam, while only 2 female students chose the same option. Furthermore, Chinese male students were among the highest who enrolled in the database options than other countries. 

Similarly, Chinese female students were at the top in enrollment of the Networking core option compared to other countries. Only 2 men were enrolled in the Database and Networking core option. Additionally, only one male was enrolled in the Networking Core option from all four countries except Sri Lanka.

Word count - 179 words

IELTS sample bar graph 3

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The bar graph below shows the percentage of unemployed graduates, aged 20-24, in one European country over two years.

Summarise the information by describing the main features of the chart and making comparisons where appropriate. Write at least 150 words

IELTS sample bar graph 3

Model answer 3

The bar graph task 1 illustrates the unemployment rate for male and female graduates in Europe between the ages of 20 and 24 in the years 2008 and 2009. The X-axis holds the years while the Y-axis has percentages.

Overall, it is clear that across the period, the female graduate's unemployment rate is lower than that of male graduates. Finally, in October 2009 more than 20% of men were unemployed.

By observing the above graph, it can be seen that 10% of male students were jobless, while only less than 8% of women were unemployed in Jan 2008. Moreover, from January 2008 to July 2008, the unemployment rate continued to decline. However, this again increased to more than 15% for men and 10% for women. 

After Oct 2008, the unemployment rate again started to decrease for both men and women till April 2009. Suddenly, there was an increment in unemployment of women in July 2009. Ultimately, unemployment rates for both men and women peaked in Oct 2009.

Word count - 165 words

IELTS sample bar graph 4

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The bar graph below shows the top ten countries for the production and consumption of electricity in 2014.

Summarise the information by describing the main features of the chart and making comparisons where appropriate. Write at least 150 words

 IELTS sample bar graph 4

Model answer 4 

The bar graph task 1 provides information about the top ten countries in electricity production and consumption in 2014. The amount of energy produced and consumed is indicated on the graph in billions of kWh.

On the whole, it is obvious that China and the United States are the countries that generated and utilised more than any other countries. And, Germany is the only country that consumes more electricity than it produces.

China, among other nations, was the largest producer and consumer of electricity in 2014. In terms of both production and consumption of electricity, the United States came in second. In the meantime, about 1000 kWh of power were generated and used in Russia.  In addition, according to statistics from a bar graph, Japan ranks fourth in both production and consumption of power.

According to a 2014 survey, Korea had the lowest generation and consumption of power of the 10 countries. On the bar chart, it is in the very last position. India, Canada, France, Brazil, and Germany produced and consumed between 500 and 1000 kW of electricity in 2014.

Word count - 179 words

IELTS sample bar graph 5

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The bar graph below shows Scotland’s exports to the rest of the UK and the rest of the world for the year 2014

Summarise the information by describing the main features of the graph and making comparisons where appropriate. Write at least 150 words

IELTS sample bar graph 5

Model answer 5

The bar graph task 1 above displays Scotland's exports in various sectors of industry to the rest of the United Kingdom and the rest of the world for 2014. The X-axis holds the billions of pounds while the Y-axis represents the different industries.

Overall, Scotland earned almost £75 billion from exports in 2014, of which the UK contributed about £21 billion. The United Kingdom's contribution is more in Chemicals and mineral products which are worth £5 billion. 

In terms of business services and finance, hotels, and restaurant services exported to other countries, Scotland's export earnings peaked at almost £13 billion. Scotland received £0.6 billion less in revenue from the UK in the areas of agriculture, forestry, fishing, and mining. Scotland earned the highest export earnings from the UK in the production of foods and beverages.

Over £2 billion worth of metal, mechanical, and transportation equipment from Scotland was exported to the UK and the rest of the globe in 2014. Furthermore, electrical and instrument engineering accounted for the majority of Scotland's exports to the UK.

Word count - 174 words

Summary 

In conclusion, creating a bar graph essay is pretty easy if you make a proper analysis and comparison of the facts in the bar chart. Additionally, it's crucial to describe the key aspects of graph information in bar graph task 1 essay writing. Practice the above given IELTS writing task 1 samples, organize your ideas, and plan to complete them in 20 minutes, which will help you to score better in your final IELTS writing exam. 

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