IELTS Reading Matching Headings

  • By Kanan Team
  • kanan-ftr-twitterkanan-ftr-facebookkanan-ftr-linkedinkanan-ftr

Table of contents

  1. IELTS Reading Matching Headings
  2. Explanation about IELTS Reading Matching Headings
  3. IELTS Reading Matching Headings - Strategies and Tips to Solve
  4. Skills required to solve the IELTS Reading Matching Headings Questions
  5. Challenges faced while answering the IELTS Reading Matching Headings Questions
  6. How will I answer the IELTS Reading Matching Headings ?
  7. Difference between academic matching heading and general matching heading
  8. Matching Headings Skill Building Exercise 1 (Academic)
  9. Matching Headings Skill Building Exercise 2 (General)
  10. Summary

IELTS Reading Matching Headings question type is common for both academic and general training tests. Few strategies and a good amount of practice will help you in solving this question type on time. In this task, you will be given a list of headings and lettered paragraphs (A, B, C,..). You are required to match the headings to the appropriate paragraphs. 

IELTS Reading Matching Headings is regarded as one of the time consuming IELTS reading question types. In this blog, we will give you all required information about the matching headings. More than information, you will get proven tips and skill building exercises to sharpen your reading and answering skills in order to perform well in the IELTS reading test.

Explanation about IELTS Reading Matching Headings

Matching headings assesses your ability to grasp the main idea or theme of the paragraph. The reading text for matching headings contains a list of lettered paragraphs (A, B, C,..) with clearly defined themes. And, you will be given a list of headings, which will be mostly mentioned in Roman numerals ( i, ii, iii…). The task is to match the list of headings with the appropriate paragraphs. The number of questions for matching headings question type in the reading test will vary. 

IELTS Reading Matching Headings - Strategies and Tips to Solve

You can find the 12 IELTS reading matching headings tips and strategies below, which will be helpful for you to answer the questions in an effective manner. These tips are recommended by IELTS experts and students who have got a 7.5+ band score in the IELTS Exam. 

  1. Choosing a heading as an answer just because you found one or two words from the paragraph could lead to a wrong answer. Understand the gist of the paragraph to prevent the complications.
  2. If you didn’t find the central idea in the paragraph, a key detail in the paragraph could possibly be the answer.
  3. Usually, the first sentence of the paragraph tells the main idea. Still, selecting the heading based on the first sentence of the paragraph might lead to errors. It is possible that the first sentence refers to the previous paragraph.
  4. Try to find the signpost words in the paragraph like, However, Although, Additionally, So, etc. These words indicate the shift and progression of the paragraph.
  5. In some instances, two headings might appear to be correct. In that case, reread and understand the paragraph more precisely to select the correct one.
  6. The motive is to comprehend the paragraph as a whole. Paying attention to each and every word can create confusion in your mind.
  7. Looking for heading-related words in the paragraph while answering the questions could lead to errors and will consume your time.
  8. There will be extra headings to increase the difficulty level of the task. So, note down the extra heading and start answering the questions.
  9. Remember, you are required to match only one heading for each paragraph.
  10. If your level of confidence is low with your answer, skip it and move onto the next questions. Come back to the question that you didn’t answer. It will save your time.
  11. Paraphrase the heading to understand the precise meaning. It helps you find the appropriate paragraphs more easily.
  12. Summarize the passage. Writing out the passages into your own words would help you to understand the essence of the paragraph.

These IELTS reading matching headings tips and strategies allows you to answer well in the IELTS exam. Implement these tips in the matching headings skill building exercise, given in this article.  

Skills required to solve the IELTS Reading Matching Headings Questions

  • Managing the time well
  • Able to extract the main idea of the paragraph
  • Paraphrasing skill to understand the paragraphs
  • Being attentive while answering the questions

Challenges faced while answering the IELTS Reading Matching Headings Questions

  • There will be extra headings than what is necessary. Hence, it can be troublesome while you are choosing the headings.  
  • Headings might have similar meaning. 
  • It can consume a lot of your time. It is a time consuming task
  • It is possible to confuse the main idea of the paragraph with specific details in the paragraph.

How will I answer the IELTS Reading Matching Headings ?

Follow these steps to answer the matching headings questions well.

  1. Read the instructions carefully: It is important for any question type. It will help you to give the right direction. Sometimes, the sample will also be given, For example: Paragraph = ii .
  2. Read the lettered paragraphs: Read the first and last line of each paragraph and skim through the middle. It will help you to understand what the paragraph is actually about and what it is focused on. Overall theme can be understood in this way.
  3. Use the Summarization technique: Write the paragraph into your own words. It makes you understand the essence of the paragraph.
  4. Select the headings: Read the list of headings and choose the one that relates to the main idea of the paragraph.

Difference between academic matching heading and general matching heading

Answering process will be the same for both Academic matching heading and general matching heading. Passages will be different. For Academic, Reading passages will be taken from academic related sources such as from journals, magazines and books. For General, Reading passages will be taken from newspapers, advertisements and notices - topics which are encountered on a daily basis.

You can find more details on IELTS academic Reading Matching Headings questions

Check here for more details on IELTS general Reading Matching Headings questions

Matching Headings Skill Building Exercise 1 (Academic)

Questions 1 - 4

The reading passage has three paragraphs, A-D.

Choose the correct heading for each paragraph from the list of headings below.

Write the correct number, i-viii, as your answer to each question.

List of Headings

  • i Natural Disaster Regions
  • ii Causes of Natural Disaster
  • iii Earthquake
  • iv Levels of Natural Disaster
  • v Flood
  • vi Types of Natural Disaster
  • vii Disaster Mythology
  • viii Landslide
  1. Paragraph A
  2. Paragraph B
  3. Paragraph C
  4. Paragraph D

Natural Disasters

  1. Natural disaster can be defined as an unpredictable event which affects the environment and the society. It creates a lot of problems for human beings and it takes an enormous amount of struggle to overcome the sufferings. There are three levels of natural disasters. Small scale disasters affect the area around between 50 kms and 100 kms. Medium scale disasters cover the area about 500 kms. Large scale disasters extend more than 1000 kms.
  2. There are different types of natural disasters - Tsunami, Volcanic eruption, flood, landslides, earthquakes, avalanches and cyclones. These all affect the people on a different level. Recovering time varies from disaster to disaster. Currently, the Earthquake is considered as the most dangerous natural disaster.
  3. Earthquake can be broken down into two words - Earth and Quake. As the name implies, it is about shaking or quaking of the earth. Effect of earthquakes varies based on its range of shaking. If it is small, it will go without notice. If it is large, it can destroy the whole city. Another thing to note here is it can also cause tsunamis and landslides.
  4. Flood is an excessive range of water that submerges the land. It badly affects the homeless people. Flood is further split into five types - Coastal flood, River flood, Flash flood, Groundwater flood and Sewage Flood. Coastal flooding is caused by heavy rainfall or excessive waves. River flooding is caused by the surplus rise of riverbanks.
Answer for Skill Building Exercise 1 

(Note: The text in italics is from the reading passage and shows the location from where the answer is taken or inferred. The text in the regular font explains the answer in detail.)

Paragraph A = iv

Explanation: There are three levels of natural disasters. Small scale disasters affect the area around between 50 kms and 100 kms. Medium scale disasters cover the area about 500 kms. Large scale disasters extend more than 1000 kms.

Paragraph B = vi

Explanation: There are different types of disasters - Tsunami, Volcanic eruption, flood, landslides, earthquakes, avalanches and cyclones. 

Earthquakes are also mentioned here. But, the focus of the passage is “types of natural disasters”.

Paragraph C = iii

Explanation:  Earthquake can be broken down into two words - Earth and Quake. As the name implies, it is about shaking or quaking of the earth. Effect of earthquakes varies based on its range of shaking.

Paragraph D = v

Explanation: Flood is an excessive range of water that submerges the land. It badly affects the homeless people. Flood is further split into five types - Coastal flood, River flood, Flash flood, Groundwater flood and Sewage Flood. 

Matching Headings Skill Building Exercise 2 (General)

Questions 1 - 4

The reading passage has four paragraphs, A-D.

Choose the correct heading for each paragraph from the list of headings below.

Write the correct number, i-vii, as your answer to each question. 

List of Headings

  • i. What biologists says about happiness
  • ii. Experiment on positive emotions
  • iii. Definition of Happiness
  • iv. Psychologist take on happiness
  • v. Negative thinking is part of psyche
  • vi. What evolution says about human beings mind
  • vii. Critique on Happiness
  1. Paragraph A
  2. Paragraph B
  3. Paragraph C
  4. Paragraph D

Can Scientists Tell Us: What Happiness is ?

  1. Economists accept that people are happier if they describe themselves as happy. But psychologists describe different levels of happiness. Immediate type of happiness is a feeling which involves joy or pleasure. Sometimes, happiness will be a judgement of one’s satisfying life rather than an emotional state. A Renowned Psychologist, Martin Seligman puts an effort to study the science of happiness. Although we’re not wired to happiness, we can do something about it. 
  2. In Cornell University, Professor Alice Isen and his colleagues demonstrated how positive emotions can make people think faster and creatively. Isen divided doctors into three groups. One group received candy, while the other read humanistic statements about medicine and the third one was a control group. It was found that doctors who had candy displayed better creative thinking and work efficiency.
  3. Homo sapiens evolved during the period of Pleistocene. It is a time of hardship and turmoil. Our ancestors endured long freezes as glaciers formed and lived with terrifying animals such as mammoths, ground sloths and sabre-toothed cats. After the Pleistocene ends, animals are extinct while humans have developed larger brains which makes them capable of creating sophisticated tools to improve their lives. Humans have a catastrophic brain, that’s why they look for what’s wrong in these situations.
  4. Even though people rate themselves as a happy being, negative thinking is deeply seated into one’s psyche. Experiments also show that we remember failures more clearly than success. Of the six universal emotions, only one is positive which is joy. According to Psychologist, Daniel Nettle negative emotions indicate to us that something bad has happened.
Answer for the Skill Building Exercise

(Note: The text in italics is from the reading passage and shows the location from where the answer is taken or inferred. The text in the regular font explains the answer in detail.)

Paragraph A = iv

Explanation: But psychologists describe different levels of happiness. Immediate type of happiness is a feeling which involves joy or pleasure. Sometimes, happiness will be a judgement of one’s satisfying life rather than an emotional state.

Paragraph B = ii

Explanation: In Cornell University, Professor Alice Isen and his colleagues demonstrated how positive emotions can make people think faster and creatively. 

Paragraph C = vi

Explanation: Humans have a catastrophic brain, that’s why they look for what’s wrong in the situations.

This paragraph indicates how humans got catastrophic minds based on evolutionary outlook.

Paragraph D = v

Explanation: Even though people rate themselves as a happy being, negative thinking is deeply seated into one’s psyche.

Check more for IELTS academic Reading matching headings exercise with answer 

Check more for IELTS general Reading matching headings exercise with answer 

Click the following link to practice matching headings with other question types to improve your reading skills and check the answers for feedback:

Summary 

IELTS Reading Matching Headings questions is one of the most important question types as it is commonly appearing in the IELTS reading test. To solve any type of question, you are required to understand how the question type works, tips and strategies to solve it efficiently, and a good amount of practice. Hope this blog meets all the requirements to answer the matching headings questions well. 

Kanan Blog

The latest tips and news from Kanan International team

4

Making your study abroad planning exciting, bright and way more easier.

Sign up for a free 30-minute consultation

study abroad consulation

Making your study abroad planning exciting, bright and way more easier.

Sign up for a free 30-minute consultation

study abroad consulation

Global Headquarters

Kanan Intl EdTech Inc

Ph-1, 220, George Street, Toronto Ontario, Canada M5A 2N1

India Headquarters

Kanan International Pvt. Ltd.

D-wing, 2nd Floor, Trident Complex, Ellora Park Vadiwadi Road, Vadodara, Gujarat 390007

IT/ Digital Campus

Chennai Office

132, Habibullah Rd, Satyamurthy Nagar, T. Nagar, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600017. Ph: +91 73051 21113

kanan-ftr-phone+91 63570 12000

kanan-ftr-phoneadmissions@kanan.co

kanan-ftr-fbkanan-ftr-twitterkanan-ftr-youtube

About Kanan International

A truly global higher education partner to learners and education institutions. Supports learners at every point in their global education journey with its reliable services, products and solutions.

kanan-ftr-logo

Copyright © 2022 KANAN INT EDTECH INC. All rights reserved.

Global Headquarters

Kanan Intl EdTech Inc

Ph-1, 220, George Street, Toronto Ontario, Canada M5A 2N1

India Headquarters

Kanan International Pvt. Ltd.

D-wing, 2nd Floor, Trident Complex, Ellora Park Vadiwadi Road, Vadodara, Gujarat 390007

IT/ Digital Campus

Chennai Office

132, Habibullah Rd, Satyamurthy Nagar, T. Nagar, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600017

kanan-ftr-phone+91 63597 73959

kanan-ftr-phoneadmissions@kanan.co

kanan-ftr-fbkanan-ftr-twitterkanan-ftr-youtube

Locations

Navsari|Ahmedabad|Surat|Vadodara|Vallabh VidyanagarChennai|Dehradun|Vapi|Nadiad|Thrissur|Karnal|Indore|Bardoli

About Kanan International

A truly global higher education partner to learners and education institutions. Supports learners at every point in their global education journey with its reliable services, products and solutions.

Copyright © 2022 KANAN INT EDTECH INC. All rights reserved.