Research Using Twins Reading Answers

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The ‘research using twins IELTS reading answers’ are as follows. You can check the correct answers here.

The research using twins reading answers and its questions are widely practised by IELTS candidates to get a better score on the IELTS reading test. To make you competent, we brought another set of questions and solutions inspired by the Cambridge reading sample tests.

There are 14 different IELTS Reading question types in the IELTS academic reading module. If you practice the newly-developed mock test and understand the research using twins reading answers, we are sure you will learn new tricks and strategies to tackle the IELTS academic reading test.

6 thoughts on ‘Research Using Twins Reading Answers’

The newly-created ‘Research Using Twins IELTS reading passage’ is distinct from other IELTS reading mock tests. You must read experts’ thoughts on this topic and how to answer it correctly.

  • In research using twins IELTS reading answers with explanations, go through each answer individually and know how each question type is framed.
  • For the newly-developed passage, we provided research using twins IELTS reading answers with explanations. You can learn new tricks like similar words, sentence formation, vocabulary, etc.
  • Research using twins mock tests offer two question types of maximum difficulty level. Once you practise it, you will gain more confidence. 
  • While checking research using twins IELTS reading answers with location, you can identify the problems in your answering process, which will improve your speed. 
  • In research using twins IELTS reading passage, you will definitely get new information, make a note of it immediately as it helps you in answering other modules.
  • In the end, compare old and newly-developed passages of the research using twins reading answers so that you can know the difference.

Before attempting to write Research Using Twins Reading Answers IELTS, check the IELTS reading tips. 

Find the practice test with research using twins reading answers pdf, here.

IELTS Reading Passage - Research Using Twins

Our newly developed Research using twins reading passage and its answers are given here.

Research Using Twins

Researchers in the biomedical field across the globe consider twins as a golden opportunity to unearth the interconnection between genes and the environment - of nature and nurture. Since identical twins happen from a single fertilised egg that diverts it into two separate parts, they will have the exact same code of genetics. They might have any variations, like one of the twins having younger-looking skin. For instance, it must have been because of environmental aspects like absorbing fewer sun rays.
On the other hand, when we compare the experiences of identical twins with those of fraternal twins, who are from different eggs and have almost half of their DNA, it is quantifiable by researchers to what extent our genes impact our entire lives. When the identical twins are more similar compared to fraternal twins in terms of an ailment, they become more vulnerable to any disease as it becomes a part of their heredity.
These two different research - understanding the differences between identical twins to highlight the impact of environment, and making comparison of identical twins and fraternal ones to determine the influence of inheritance - being critical to know the inter-relation between nature and nurture in order to find out our personalities, behaviour, and amount of vulnerability to any infection or disease.
The concept behind using twins to determine the impact of heredity goes back to 1875 when the English scientist Francis Galton first recommended that idea (and invented the phrase 'nature and nurture'). However studies on twins lead to an astonishing twist during the 1980s, after introducing various studies into identical twins who were living separately after birth and reunited when they reached adulthood. For more than two decades, almost 137 twin people visited Thomas Bouchard's research place. which later became known as the Minnesota Study of Twins Reared Apart. Besides that, many experiments were conducted on the twins, and each of them were asked more than 15,000 questions.
Bouchard and his associates made use of these tons of information to examine how far twins were impacted due to their genetic conditions. They handled a statistical concept known as heritability for their approach. Generally, the heritability trait calculates the differences between the population members and differences in their genetic background and illustrates it accordingly. At last, Bouchard and his coworkers found the unseen side of genetic influence that is useful for us to shape our lives genetically.
Twin studies have been a fortune for famous scientists to a radical new concept: that nature and nurture are not the only sources during the work. Recently, a research study called epigenetics found that there's another factor that comes into play. Previously, one found that in some cases it serves as a connecting bridge between our genes and the environment. The second is that it performs on its own to be who we are.
In this epigenetic process, chemical reactions lead to neither nature nor nurture, but it reflects as a 'third component' as mentioned by researchers. Such reactions impact how our human genetics is represented: how each gene is enhanced or weakened, sometimes becoming on or off, to develop our brains, bones and other vital parts of the body.
If you imagine our DNA system as a piano keyboard, while the genes are keys, then each key will assign a separate segment of DNA in charge of a particular note, or trait, and all the keys join to get to know who we are all about. Based on that, epigenetic work helps us determine how and when each assigned key can be struck, and alter the rhythm that has been playing for a long time.
On one hand, the research on epigenetics has newly evolved our basic understanding of science, especially Biology by exhibiting a system through which the environment has a direct consequence on genes. Similarly, further study on animals, for instance, revealed that when a rat feels stressed at the time of pregnancy, it can lead to epigenetic changes in a foetus that causes behavioural issues since the mice develop. There are also other epigenetic processes that come at any time, whereas others have been normal, like those that guide embryonic cells as they later develop into different parts like a heart, brain, liver cells, etc. 
There was a famous geneticist, Danielle Reed who conducted research with more twin people and analysed deeply based on the inferences. However, it's crystal clear when you learn what twins have shared with us until now. It was observed that numerous things are similar in nature and cannot be changed. Moreover, it's clear that when you understand deeper, certain things are different between them. Epigenetics is the pioneer for a lot of these contradictions, according to the researcher.  
Another researcher Reed gives credit to Thomas Bouchard's contribution to the present rise in studies related to twins. 'He was the trailblazer', she said. We did not remember 50 years ago components like various diseases were caused by poor lifestyle. Likewise, Schizophrenia was due to poor mothering and lack of nurturing. Twin studies opened new horizons that are more reflective of what people have inherently and what is developed based on experience. 
In addition to that, Reed explains the recent work in epigenetics guarantees to take our capacity of understanding to the next level. She said that nature determines some things in pencil and some things in pen. Whatever is written in pen can't be changed. And that's our DNA. But whatever is written in pencil can be changed. And that's called epigenetics. Now we can review the DNA and find out where the pencil writings are, that seems to be a whole new entity.

Research Using Twins Reading Questions

Questions 1 - 5

Answer the questions below.

Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER from the passage for each answer.

  1. Identical twins come from? 
  2. Who was the famous geneticist conducting research with many twins? 
  3. What Reed said about Thomas Bouchard? 
  4. With twins, many things were similar and whether it is changeable or not? 
  5. Schizophrenia is due to? 

Also Read: IELTS Reading Short Answer Questions

Questions 6 - 10

Complete each sentence with the correct ending

Write the correct letter A - E in boxes

6. Twin studies opened new horizons that are 
7. Bouchard and his coworkers found the unseen side of genetic 
8. 137 twins visited Thomas Bouchard's place 
9. In this epigenetic process 
10. If you imagine our DNA system as a piano keyboard

  1.  known as the Minnesota Study of Twins Reared Apart.
  2. Chemical reactions lead to neither nature nor nurture.
  3. genes are keys.
  4. More reflective of what people have inherently.
  5. Useful for us to shape our lives genetically.

Also Read: IELTS Reading Matching Sentence Endings

Questions 11 - 13

Complete the flowchart below.
Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.

Also Read: IELTS Reading Flowchart Completion

Research Using Twins Reading Answers Key

Research using twins reading answers for the newly-developed passage are as follows. Understand each question type thoroughly and become an expert.

(Note: The text in italics is from the reading passage and shows the location from where the answer is taken or inferred. The text in the regular font explains the answer in detail.)

1. Same fertilised-egg 

Explanation - Since identical twins happen from a single fertilised egg that diverts it into two separate parts, they will have the exact same code of genetics.

2. Danielle Reed

Explanation - There was a famous geneticist, Danielle Reed who conducted research with more twin people and analysed deeply based on the inferences.

3. Trailblazer

Explanation - Reed gives credit to Thomas Bouchard's contribution to the present rise in studies related to twins. 'He was the trailblazer', she said.

4. Not changed

Explanation -  It was observed that numerous things are similar in nature and cannot be changed.

5. Poor mothering

Explanation - Schizophrenia was due to poor mothering and lack of nurturing.

6. D

Explanation - Twin studies opened new horizons that are more reflective of what people have inherently and what is developed based on experience.

7. E

Explanation - Bouchard and his coworkers found the unseen side of genetic influence that is useful for us to shape our lives genetically.

8. A

Explanation - Almost 137 twin people visited Thomas Bouchard's research place. which later became known as the Minnesota Study of Twins Reared Apart.

9. B

Explanation - In this epigenetic process, chemical reactions lead to neither nature nor nurture, but it reflects as a 'third component' as mentioned by researchers.

10. C

Explanation - If you imagine our DNA system as a piano keyboard, while the genes are keys, then each key will assign a separate segment of DNA in charge of a particular note, or trait, and all the keys join to get to know who we are all about.

11. Heart

Explanation - Embryonic cells as they later develop into different parts like a heart, brain, liver cells, etc.

12. Lifestyle

Explanation - We did not remember 50 years ago components like various diseases were caused by poor lifestyle.

13. Epigenetics

Explanation - But whatever is written in pencil can be changed. And that's called epigenetics. 

Check answers for other passages

Apart from that, you can access the answers for other IELTS reading passages given below.

Conclusion

We made “Reading Using Twins Reading Answers” available for old and new-developed passages. To make your IELTS reading test preparation effective, practice both and attain a good IELTS score in your next attempt. 

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