Unlikely Boomtowns IELTS Reading Answers

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All the Unlikely Boomtowns IELTS Reading Answers have been mentioned in the table below. Check your answers with those given here. 

You have the scope to improve your skills by practising more questions. Find the Unlikely Boomtowns IELTS Reading Answers for the passage given below. 

This article includes the Unlikely Boomtowns IELTS Reading Answers for important question types. Read the passage carefully and answer all the 3 question types. Practice these tests to improve your ‘IELTS reading’ answering skills like skimming, understanding, and time management. 

In this article, you will find the 3 IELTS reading question types that are mentioned below. The Unlikely Boomtowns IELTS Reading Answers have also been given at the end. Check out the answers once you complete answering the questions. 

  • IELTS reading matching features 
  • IELTS reading sentence completion
  • IELTS reading yes/no/not given 

7 thoughts on “Unlikely Boomtowns: The world’s hottest cities”

We have used the topic ‘Unlikely Boomtowns: The world’s hottest cities’ to demonstrate the different IELTS question types. Read these points before you dive into the Unlikely Boomtowns IELTS Reading Answers.

  1. Unlikely Boomtowns IELTS Reading Answers is an article you can use to develop your skills needed to attempt the reading section in the IELTS exam.
  2. The passage is long so you have to scan through the paragraph quickly.
  3. You have to build your time management skills so that you can complete your answers on time.
  4. You should develop skimming techniques to note down the important points and keywords.
  5. The Unlikely Boomtowns IELTS reading passage provides details on the megacities and the growth of Second Cities. 
  6. The passage improves the reading skills that are required for completing the IELTS reading section.
  7. A challenge you might face while attempting this passage is that you might face difficulty in remembering the keyword.

Before attempting to write the Unlikely Boomtowns IELTS Reading Answers, check the IELTS reading tips.

Find the practice test with Unlikely Boomtowns IELTS reading answers pdf, here. 

IELTS reading passage -  Unlikely Boomtowns: The World's Hottest Cities 

Read the following passage ‘Unlikely Boomtowns: The World's Hottest Cities’ and answer the questions that follow. 

Unlikely Boomtowns: The World's Hottest Cities

Large cities like London, New York and Tokyo dominate our imaginations. People go there to build their fortune, fame and future. They have control over national economies and politics. The last 50 years has been their best time, as the number of cities with more than 10 million people grew to 20 from just 2. But with all respect to the sci-fi novel writers who have predicted a future of urban giants, their day is over. The population growth rate within a megacity has slowed from more than 8% in the 1980s to 4% over the last 5 years, and these numbers are expected to be static for the next 25 years. 

In a few years, more people will live in cities than in small places for the first time in human history. But increasingly, the urban core itself is becoming smaller. Almost 50% of the city dwellers in the world live in metropolises with fewer than 5 lakh residents. Second Cities or exurbs, residential areas outside the cities are booming. Between 2000 and 2015, the world’s smallest cities (with under half a million people) will grow by 23%, while the next smallest (1 to 5 million people) will grow by 27%. This trend is because of the dramatic shifts in the global real-estate bubble, increase in international migration, cheaper transport, new technologies, and the fact that the boomers are reaching retirement age. 

The rise of Second Cities has begun naturally from the earlier success of the megacities. In the 1990s, megacities expanded as global markets did. This happened particularly in cities with high-tech or ‘knowledge-based’ industries like finance. Companies offered bigger bonuses, bankers grew richer and the prices of real estate in the world’s most desired cities soared. The result of this was something called ‘gated regions’ as said by demographer William Frey of the Washington-based Brookings, where cities and the surrounding areas became unaffordable for everyone except the rich. After a city reaches a certain size economically,  its productivity starts to come down, says Mario Pezzini, head of the regional-competitiveness division of the OECD. He puts the breaking point at about 6 million people, after which expenses, travel times and the occasional chaos lead to a situation where the city centre may be a great place (only for the rich) and the outlying areas become difficult to live and work in’. 

One reaction to this phenomenon is further sprawl in prices in the urban core and traditional suburbs.  This drives people to distant exurbs with extreme commutes into big cities. As Frey notes, in the major US metropolitan areas, average travelling times have increased two-fold over the last 15 years. Why does a small area become a booming Second City while another fails? The answer lies on whether a community has the money to exploit the forces pushing people and businesses out of the megacities. One key is good public transport connectivity, especially to commercial areas. Although a decade old, Goyang is South Korea’s fastest-growing city in part because it is thirty minutes by subway from Seoul. 

Another reason for the growth of Second Cities is the decentralisation of work, driven greatly by new technologies. While financial deals are mostly done now in big capitals like New York and London than ever before, it is also clear that many booming service industries are going towards ‘Rising Urban Stars’ like Dubai, Montpellier and Cape Town. These places have not only improved their internet facilities, but often have technical institutes and universities that produce the talent that is populating growth industries.
 
Consider the urban decentralisation case study of Montpellier, France. Montpellier was like a big Mediterranean village until the 1980s, but one with a strong university, many beautiful villas and an IBM manufacturing unit. Once the high-speed train lines were built, Parisians began coming for weekend breaks. Some purchased houses, creating a critical mass of middle-class professionals who started taking advantage of flexible working systems to do 3 days in Paris, and 2 down South, where things seemed less pressured. Soon, big companies started looking at the area; a number of medical-technology and electronics companies came to town, and IBM put more investment into service businesses there. To cater to the immigrant professionals, the city began to build facilities: an opera house, a tram line to reduce cars in the city center. The result - ‘the city is now full of cosmopolitan business people. It’s a new society’, says French urban-planning expert Nacima Baron. 

This implies that Second Cities won’t stay the same. Indeed some countries are actively aiding their growth. For example, Italy is trying to create tourist hubs of towns close to each other with unique buildings and offering different yet complementary cultural activities. Decentralising the policy making power is providing the smaller cities more freedom than ever to shape their destinies. To all these cities: this is your era. Don’t blow it. 

Unlikely boomtowns IELTS reading questions 

IELTS Reading Matching Features Question 1-4

Questions 1 - 4

Look at the following Questions 1-4 and the list of the statements below. Match each statement with the correct one
Write the correct letter A-E on your answer sheet.

NB You may use any letter more than once.

1 Growth rate in megacities in the last 5 years
2 Growth rate of small cities (under half a million) between 2000 and 2015.
3 Percentage of city dwellers in cities with population less than 5 lakhs
4 Growth rate in megacities during 1980s

A 23%
B 25%
C 50%
D 8%
E 4%

Also check: IELTS reading matching features 

IELTS Reading Sentence Completion Question 5 - 9

Questions 5 – 9 

Complete the sentences below.

Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR A NUMBERS from the passage for each answer. 

5. The rise of ________ has begun naturally from the earlier success of the megacities. 

6. ________ is South Korea’s fastest-growing city in part because it is thirty minutes by subway from Seoul.

7.  ________ was like a big Mediterranean village until the 1980s.

8. After a city reaches a certain size economically,  its productivity starts to come down, says ________.

9. ________ the policy making power is providing the smaller cities more freedom than ever to shape their destinies. 

Also check: IELTS reading sentence completion

IELTS Reading Yes/No/Not Given Question 10 - 14

Questions 10 - 14 

Do the following statements agree with the information given in the Reading Passage?
Write
YES if the statement agrees with the claims of the writer
NO, if the statement contradicts the claims of the writer
NOT GIVEN if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this

10. In a few years, more people will live in cities than in small places for the first time in human history. 
11. People go to cities to build their fortune, fame and future.
12. Cities are affordable to everyone.
13. Cities have large civilisations beneath them.
14. Decentralising the policy making power does not provide more freedom to small cities to shape their destinies.

Also check: IELTS reading yes/no/not given 

Unlikely boomtowns IELTS reading answer key

Check for the Unlikely boomtowns IELTS reading answer key here.

Answer for the IELTS Reading Matching Features Question

(Note: The text in italics is from the reading passage and shows the location from where the answer is taken or inferred. The text in the regular font explains the answer in detail.) 

1. E. 4% 

Explanation: The population growth rate within a megacity has slowed from more than 8% in the 1980s to 4% over the last 5 years.

2. A. 23%

Explanation:  Between 2000 and 2015, the world’s smallest cities (with under half a million people) will grow by 23%.

3. C. 50% 

Explanation: Almost 50% of the city dwellers in the world live in metropolises with fewer than 5 lakh residents.

4. D. 8%

Explanation: The population growth rate within a megacity has slowed from more than 8% in the 1980s to 4% over the last 5 years.


Answer for the IELTS Reading Sentence Completion Question

(Note: The text in italics is from the reading passage and shows the location from where the answer is taken or inferred. The text in the regular font explains the answer in detail.)

5. Second Cities 

Explanation: The rise of Second Cities has begun naturally from the earlier success of the megacities.

6. Goyang 

Explanation: Goyang is South Korea’s fastest-growing city in part because it is thirty minutes by subway from Seoul. 

7. Montpellier

Explanation:  Montpellier was like a big Mediterranean village until the 1980s

8. Mario Pezzini

Explanation: After a city reaches a certain size economically,  its productivity starts to come down, says Mario Pezzini.

9. Decentralising

Explanation: Decentralising the policy making power is providing the smaller cities more freedom than ever to shape their destinies. 

Answer for the IELTS Reading Yes/No/Not Given Question 

(Note: The text in italics is from the reading passage and shows the location from where the answer is taken or inferred. The text in the regular font explains the answer in detail.)

10. Yes 

Explanation: In a few years, more people will live in cities than in small places for the first time in human history. 

11. Yes 

Explanation:  People go there to build their fortune, fame and future.

12. No 

Explanation: The result of this was something called ‘gated regions’ as said by demographer William Frey of the Washington-based Brookings, where cities and the surrounding areas became unaffordable for everyone except the rich. 

13. Not given 

Explanation: The particular information is not available in the passage. 

14. No

Explanation: Decentralising the policy making power is providing the smaller cities more freedom than ever to shape their destinies.

Check the other reading passages (h4)

Click to check the other important reading passages listed below,

Conclusion 

Now you have learned how to answer 3 types of IELTS reading question types. Follow the tips and instructions during your test to answer the questions easily. Take a look at the “Unlikely Boomtowns IELTS reading answers” and cross check if you have got the right answers.

 

 

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Global Headquarters

Kanan Intl EdTech Inc

Ph-1, 220, George Street, Toronto Ontario, Canada M5A 2N1

India Headquarters

Kanan International Pvt. Ltd.

D-wing, 2nd Floor, Trident Complex, Ellora Park Vadiwadi Road, Vadodara, Gujarat 390007

IT/ Digital Campus

Chennai Office

132, Habibullah Rd, Satyamurthy Nagar, T. Nagar, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600017

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About Kanan International

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Copyright © 2022 KANAN INT EDTECH INC. All rights reserved.