William Gilbert and Magnetism Reading Answers

  • By Kanan Team
  • kanan-ftr-twitterkanan-ftr-facebookkanan-ftr-linkedinkanan-ftr

You can view all the William Gilbert and Magnetism Reading Answers below. Cross check your answers with the solutions given below.

For more question types with answers and explanations, you can check out William Gilbert and Magnetism Reading Answers article. You can make use of the article to prepare for the IELTS reading test.

Check your reading skills before attempting the IELTS test. Challenge your skills with the William Gilbert and Magnetism Reading Answers blog. This passage will help you learn about 3 IELTS reading question types. 

The IELTS reading question type will test your abilities in reading, understanding and finding important information from a passage. You can start attempting the William Gilbert and Magnetism Reading Answers for the following question types: 

  • IELTS Reading Table Completion
  • IELTS Reading Locating Information
  • IELTS Reading Summary Completion

6 thoughts on “William Gilbert and Magnetism”

In this section, read on importance and significance of the William Gilbert and Magnetism Reading Answers passage.

  • The William Gilbert and Magnetism Reading Answers passage assesses your ability to read and answer the questions.
  • William Gilbert and Magnetism is a writing about the contribution of Gilbert in the field of electricity and magnetism.
  • William Gilbert is a physician and philosopher who lived in the 16th century.
  • You have to collect important information or mark the answers as you read the passage.
  • You can read through the questions before reading the passage so that you can locate the answers easily. 
  • This passage will prepare you to attempt 3 IELTS question types. You should have a good vocabulary and an eye for detail to successfully complete the test.

Before attempting to write the William Gilbert and Magnetism Reading Answers, check the IELTS reading tips.

Find the practice test with William Gilbert and Magnetism Reading Answers PDF, here. 

IELTS reading passage -  William Gilbert and Magnetism

Read the following passage for writing the William Gilbert and Magnetism Reading Answers.

William Gilbert and Magnetism

  1. The sixteenth and seventeenth centuries saw 2 great pioneers of modern science: Gilbert and Galileo. Their eminent findings made a big impact. Gilbert was the accredited father of the science of electricity and magnetism, the first modern scientist, a physician at the court of Elizabeth and an Englishman of learning. Before him, the things known about electricity and magnetism was what the ancients knew, and nothing more than that. Lodestone had magnetic properties and when amber and jet were rubbed, it would attract bits of paper or other substances of small specific gravity. However, he wasn't given the recognition he deserves.
  2. Gilbert was born before Galileo. He was born on 24 May 1544 in an esteemed family in UK’s Colchester county. After going to grammar school, he went to study medicine at St. John’s College, Cambridge. He graduated in 1573 and then travelled to the continent and later settled down in London.
  3. He was a very eminent and successful doctor and was elected as the president of the Royal Science Society. He was appointed to serve the Queen (Elizabeth I) as her personal physician, and was later knighted by the Queen. He served her faithfully until her death. But soon after the Queen's death he died on 10th December, 1603. It was only a few months after his appointment as a personal physician to King James.
  4. Although Gilbert was interested in chemistry first he later changed his work because of a large portion of the mysticism of alchemy involved (such as the transmutation of metal). Slowly he became interested in physics after the great minds of the ancient, particularly about the knowledge the ancient Greeks had about lodestones, strange minerals with the power to attract iron. Meanwhile, in 1588 when the Spanish Armada was defeated, Britain had  become a major seafaring nation, paving the way to the British settlement of America. British ships relied on the magnetic compass, yet no one knew why it worked. Was there a magnetic mountain at the pole, as described in Odyssey’ which ships would never approach or as Columbus said, did the pole star attract it? William Gilbert conducted ingenious experiments from 1580 to understand magnetism for almost 20 years. 
  5. Gilbert’s discoveries were so important to modern physics. He investigated the nature of electricity and magnetism. He was the one who coined the word “electric”. Ultimately the beliefs of magnetism were also twisted with superstitions like rubbing garlic on lodestone can remove its magnetism. Even Sailors believed the smell of garlic would even interfere with the action of the compass, which is why the steerers were forbidden to eat it near a ship’s compass. Gilbert also found that metals can be magnetised by rubbing materials such as plastic, fur, etc. on them. He named the magnets “north and south pole”. Depending on its polarity magnets can attract or repel. In addition, however, a magnet always attracts an ordinary iron. Though he started to study the relationship between electricity and magnetism, he did not finish it. His research of static electricity using jet and amber only showed that objects with electrical charges can work like magnets that attract small pieces of paper and stuff. du Fay, a French guy discovered that there are actually two electrical charges, negative and positive.
  6. He also questioned the traditional astronomical beliefs. He didn’t express in his quintessential beliefs whether the earth is at the centre of the universe or in orbit around the sun though he was a Copernican. He believed that stars have their own earth-like planets orbiting around them and are not equidistant from the earth. Compasses always point north because the earth is like a giant magnet. The earth’s polarity and the axis they spin on is aligned. He built an entire magnetic philosophy on this analogy. He even equated the polarity of the earth to that of magnets. He explained that magnetism was the soul of the earth and a perfectly spherical lodestone, when aligned with the earth’s poles, would keep moving by itself in 24 hours. He further believed that suns and other stars wobble just like the earth does around a crystal core, and theorised that the moon might also be a magnet that orbits due to its attraction towards earth. Maybe this was the first proposal saying that a force might cause a heavenly orbit.
  7. In his revolutionary research methods he used experiments instead of reasoning and pure logic like the ancient Greek philosophers did. It was new in the scientific investigation. Scientific experiments were not in fashion till then. Because of this scientific attitude and his contribution to the field of magnetism, the unit of magnetomotive force, also known as magnetic potential, was named Gilbert in his honour. He carefully approached it, observed and experimented it rather than the authoritative or deductive philosophy of others that had laid the very foundation for modern science.

William Gilbert and Magnetism IELTS Reading questions

IELTS Reading Table Completion Questions 1-5

Complete the table below.

Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS from the reading passage for each answer.

Year Event
1 ________  Gilbert was born
2 ________  Queen Elizabeth died
3 ________  Spanish Armada was defeated
4 ________  Gilbert graduated from St. John’s College
1580 William Gilbert conducted 5________. ingenious experiments 

Also check: IELTS Reading Table Completion

IELTS Reading Locating Information Questions 6-10

This reading passage has eight paragraphs, A–G.

Which paragraph contains the following information?

Write the correct letter, A - G, as your answer to each question.

6. Gilbert was the accredited father of the science of electricity and magnetism.

7. He used experiments instead of reasoning and pure logic.

8. Gilbert coined the word “electric”. 

9. He believed that stars have their own earth-like planets.

10. Gilbert was interested in chemistry first.

Also check: IELTS Reading Locating Information

IELTS Reading Summary Completion Questions 11-14

Complete the summary below.

Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage for each answer.

The eminent findings of Gilbert made a big impact. He was born on 24 May 1544 in an esteemed family in UK’s 11_____ county.  He investigated the nature of electricity and 12____. Because of his scientific attitude and contribution to the field of magnetism, the unit of magnetomotive force, also known as 13________, was named Gilbert in his honour. He died on 10th December, 1603 after a few months of his appointment as a personal physician to 14______. 

Also check: IELTS Reading Summary Completion

William Gilbert and Magnetism IELTS Reading Answers with explanation

Find all the William Gilbert and Magnetism Reading Answers with explanation here.

Answers for IELTS Reading Table Completion Questions

(Note: The text in italics is from the reading passage and shows the location from where the answer is taken or inferred. The text in regular font explains the answer in detail.)

1. 1544

Explanation: He was born on 24 May 1544 in an esteemed family in UK’s Colchester county. 

2. 1603

Explanation: But soon after the Queen's death he died on 10th December, 1603.

3. 1588 

Explanation: Meanwhile, in 1588 when the Spanish Armada was defeated, Britain had  become a major seafaring nation, paving the way to the British settlement of America. 

4. 1573 

Explanation: He graduated in 1573 and then travelled to the continent and later settled down in London.

5. ingenious experiments

Explanation: William Gilbert conducted ingenious experiments from 1580 to understand magnetism for almost 20 years.

Answers for IELTS Reading Locating Information Questions
6. Paragraph A

Explanation: Gilbert was the accredited father of the science of electricity and magnetism, the first modern scientist, a physician at the court of Elizabeth and an Englishman of learning.

7. Paragraph G

Explanation: In his revolutionary research methods he used experiments instead of reasoning and pure logic like the ancient Greek philosophers did.

8. Paragraph E

Explanation: He was the one who coined the word “electric”.

9. Paragraph F

Explanation: He believed that stars have their own earth-like planets orbiting around them and are not equidistant from the earth. 

10. Paragraph D

Explanation: Although Gilbert was interested in chemistry first he later changed his work because of a large portion of the mysticism of alchemy involved (such as the transmutation of metal). 

Answers for IELTS Reading Summary Completion Questions
11. Colchester

Explanation: He was born on 24 May 1544 in an esteemed family in UK’s Colchester county. 

12. Magnetism

Explanation:  He investigated the nature of electricity and magnetism. 

13. magnetomotive force

Explanation: Because of this scientific attitude and his contribution to the field of magnetism, the unit of magnetomotive force, also known as magnetic potential, was named Gilbert in his honour. 

14. King James

Explanation: he died on 10th December, 1603. It was only a few months after his appointment as a personal physician to King James.


Check the other reading passages

Click to check the other important Reading answers passages listed below,

Conclusion

With this guiding article we are sure you will be able to attempt the IELTS Reading section with confidence. After you have written the “William Gilbert and Magnetism Reading Answers” please do check out the other Reading passages too.

Kanan Blog

The latest tips and news from Kanan International team

4

Making your study abroad planning exciting, bright and way more easier.

Sign up for a free 30-minute consultation

study abroad consulation

Making your study abroad planning exciting, bright and way more easier.

Sign up for a free 30-minute consultation

study abroad consulation

Global Headquarters

Kanan Intl EdTech Inc

229, Yonge Street Suite 450 Toronto Ontario, Canada M5B 1N9

India Headquarters

Kanan International Pvt. Ltd.

D-wing, 2nd Floor, Trident Complex, Ellora Park Vadiwadi Road, Vadodara, Gujarat 390007

IT/ Digital Campus

Chennai Office

132, Habibullah Rd, Satyamurthy Nagar, T. Nagar, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600017. Ph: +91 73051 21113

kanan-ftr-phone+91 63570 12000

kanan-ftr-phoneadmissions@kanan.co

kanan-ftr-fbkanan-ftr-twitterkanan-ftr-youtube

About Kanan International

A truly global higher education partner to learners and education institutions. Supports learners at every point in their global education journey with its reliable services, products and solutions.

kanan-ftr-logo

Copyright © 2022 KANAN INT EDTECH INC. All rights reserved.

Global Headquarters

Kanan Intl EdTech Inc

229, Yonge Street Suite 450 Toronto Ontario, Canada M5B 1N9

India Headquarters

Kanan International Pvt. Ltd.

D-wing, 2nd Floor, Trident Complex, Ellora Park Vadiwadi Road, Vadodara, Gujarat 390007

IT/ Digital Campus

Chennai Office

132, Habibullah Rd, Satyamurthy Nagar, T. Nagar, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600017

kanan-ftr-phone+91 63597 73959

kanan-ftr-phoneadmissions@kanan.co

kanan-ftr-fbkanan-ftr-twitterkanan-ftr-youtube

Locations

Navsari|Ahmedabad|Surat|Vadodara|Vallabh VidyanagarChennai|Dehradun|Vapi|Nadiad|Thrissur|Karnal|Indore|Bardoli

About Kanan International

A truly global higher education partner to learners and education institutions. Supports learners at every point in their global education journey with its reliable services, products and solutions.

Copyright © 2022 KANAN INT EDTECH INC. All rights reserved.