William Henry Perkin IELTS Reading Answers

  • By Kanan Team
  • kanan-ftr-twitterkanan-ftr-facebookkanan-ftr-linkedinkanan-ftr

William Henry Perkin reading answers is given below. Verify your answers with it. And, also don’t forget to do our practice test which can boost your reading and answering skills. 

The passage of the William Henry Perkin Reading Answers with three different question types is given in this article. You can improve your answering skills with our practice test. Keep your attention level high while reading the passage and answering the questions in the IELTS reading test. 

William Henry Perkin's reading passage deals with his life and its achievements. It contains a wealth of information, which helps you to improve your vocabulary. You are required to answer the following IELTS reading question types. And, remember to check your answers with our William Henry Perkin Reading Answers. 

9 thoughts on “William Henry Perkin” Passage

You need to know what IELTS experts and teachers think about the Willliam Henry IELTS reading answers.

  • William Henry Perkin Passage talks about his life and unexpected discovery.
  • This passage can improve your reading skills as this contains a sequence of events.  
  • William Henry Perkin reading answers can help you to identify the  faults in your answering process
  • You can develop your understanding of question format with the help of our practice test based on William Henry Perkin Passage. 
  • IELTS students use this practice test for their test preparation.
  • The William Henry Perkin passage contains a rich amount of words so it can improve your vocabulary.
  • You can trust our practice test since it is attempted by multiple students and has good outcomes.
  • You can check William Henry perkin IELTS reading answers with location, where the answer is derived from the passage. 
  • This William Henry Perkin practice test is inspired from the Cambridge book 9 test 1 reading answers’ passage.

Before attempting to write the William Henry Perkin IELTS Reading Answers, check the IELTS reading tips. 

Find the practice test with cork IELTS reading answers pdf, here.

IELTS Reading Passage - William Henry Perkin

Find the reading passage below along with the William Henry Perkin reading answers.  

William Henry Perkin

On 12 March 1838, William Henry Perkin was born in London, England. 

Curiosity drives the early Perkins to the arts, sciences, photography and engineering till he gets into the laboratory of his late grandfather. It developed his enthusiasm towards chemistry. 

As a student at the City of London School, Perkin was wholly involved in the study of chemistry. Perkins' talent and devotion to the subject of chemistry is recognized by his teacher. He attended Michal Faraday's lectures at the Royal Institution by the encouragement of Thomas Hall. His speeches developed his interest towards chemistry further. Later, at the age of 15, 1853, Perkin attended the Royal College of Chemistry. 

German chemist August Wilhelm Hofmann was head at the Royal college of chemistry during the time of Perkin’s enrolment. Hofmann identified the perkin's scientific gifts and he became a youngest assistant of Hofmann. After some time, Perkin got his fame and both through his scientific breakthrough. 

Quinine is the only feasible medical treatment for malaria at that time. The drug is extracted from the cinchona tree's bark, which is situated in South America. The demand for the drug increased by 1856. Hofmann made some comments about the synthetic substitute for quinine and his star pupil takes up as a challenge. 

In 1856, during his vacation, he was trying to manufacture quinine from aniline (inexpensive and readily available coal tar waste) in his laboratory at the top of his family’s house. Out of his best efforts, he didn't get the quinine, but some mysterious dark sludge. Fortunately, Perkin's scientific training and nature made him explore the substance further. At the various stages of the experimental process, he added the potassium dichromate and alcohol into the aniline which produced a deep purple solution. Louis Pasteur’s words ‘chance favours only the prepared mind’, proved to be true, he saw the unexpected potential of his find. 

Usually, the textile dye was made from natural resources such as plants and animal excretions. Few of these, like glandular mucus of snails, were both expensive and difficult to get. At that time, the rich can only afford the purple colour which is extracted from the snail as this is so costly. Moreover, the tendency of the natural dyes is found to be muddy in hue and fade quickly. Perkin’s discovery was against this backdrop.  

Perkin understood that his purple solution could be used for colour fabric, which is the world’s first synthetic dye. He patented it as he realised the importance of his finding. One of the fascinating reactions of Perkin quickly found that the new dye has commercial possibilities. 

Originally, Perkin named his dye Tyrian Purple. Later, it became commonly known as mauve. By asking advice to the Scottish dye works owner Robert Pullar, he understood that the dye manufacturing would be worthwhile if the colour remained fast (i.e. would not fade) and if it is relatively low cost. His mentor Hofmann objected to him in a fierce manner, so he left the college and gave birth to the modern chemical industry. 
Perkin set up a factory, near London, with the help of his father and brother. Coal tar is cheap and plentiful as this is an almost limitless by-product of London’s street lighting. The dye works started producing the world’s first synthetically dyed material in 1857. The Empress Eugenie of France, boosted the commercial part of the company as the new colour flattered her. Mauve becomes a necessary shade for all the fashionable ladies in that country. 

In public, England’s Queen Victoria appears wearing a mauve gown which brought rage in England. The dye was both fast and bold, and the public demand was increased. Perkin returns to the drawing board. 

Though Perkin's first discovery itself brought him fortune and achievements, the chemist continued his research. He developed and introduced several other dyes including aniline red (1859) and aniline black (1863) and Perkin’s green in the late 1860s. Perkin’s synthetic dye discoveries resulted in more than just decorative purposes. The dyes also become important to medical research in many ways. For example, researchers are able to identify such bacilli as tuberculosis, cholera and anthrax, which were the invisible microbes and bacteria before. Artificial dyes continue to play an important role even today. Its current use in the search for a vaccine against malaria, which could have pleased the Perkin.

William Henry Perkin IELTS Reading Questions

Questions 1 - 5

Complete the flowchart below.

Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS  from the passage for each answer.

Read IELTS Reading Flow Chart Completion to expand your knowledge about flow chart completion question type

Questions 6 - 10

Choose the correct letter, a, b, c or d, as you answer each question.

6.   Whose lectures Perkin attended at the Royal Institution ?

  1. August Wilhelm Hofmann
  2. Thomas Hall
  3. Michal Faraday
  4. Niels Bohr

7.   What is the age when Perkin attended the Royal College of Chemistry ?

  1. 15
  2. 18
  3. 20
  4. 14

8.   Where is the quinine extracted from ?

  1. Tree’s bark
  2. Herbs
  3. Cinchona tree’s bark
  4. Dye

9.   How the Tyrian Purple became commonly known as ?

  1. Purple
  2. Perkin’s Purple
  3. Aniline
  4. Mauve

10.   Where did Perkin set up a factory ?

  1. London
  2. Bristol
  3. Leicester 
  4. Norwich

To know more about multiple choice questions, read IELTS Reading Multiple Choice Questions

Questions 11 - 14

Answer the questions below.

Write THREE WORD AND/OR A NUMBER  from the passage for each answer.

11.Which subject that Perkin is interested in ?
12.When the quinine drug demand increased ?
13.Who was head at the Royal College of Chemist when Perkin enrolled ?
14.Who appeared in the public wearing a mauve gown which brought rage in England ?

Check out: IELTS Reading Short Answer Questions

William Henry Perkin IELTS Reading Answers Key

Spot your mistakes and errors with the following William Henry Perkin reading answers with explanation.

(Note: The text in italics is from the reading passage and shows the location from where the answer is taken or inferred. The text in the regular font explains the answer in detail.)

1.   London

Explanation: On 12 March 1838, William Henry Perkin was born in London, England.

2.   Chemistry

Explanation: As a student at the City of London School, Perkin was wholly involved in the study of chemistry.

3.   Purple

Explanation: At the various stages of the experimental process, he added the potassium dichromate and alcohol into the aniline which produced a deep purple solution.

4.   Tyrian Purple 

Explanation: Originally, Perkin named his dye Tyrian Purple

5.   Green

Explanation: He developed and introduced several other dyes including aniline red (1859) and aniline black (1863) and Perkin’s green in the late 1860s.

6.   c. Michal Faraday 

Explanation: He attended Michal Faraday's lectures at the Royal Institution by the encouragement of Thomas Hall.

7.   a. 15

Explanation: Later, at the age of 15, 1853, Perkin attended the Royal College of Chemistry. 

8.   c. Cinchona Tree’s bark

Explanation: Quinine is the only feasible medical treatment for malaria at that time. The drug is extracted from the cinchona tree's bark, which is situated in South America.

9.   d. Mauve

Explanation: Originally, Perkin named his dye Tyrian Purple. Later, it became commonly known as mauve. 

10.   a. London

Explanation: Perkin set up a factory, near London, with the help of his father and brother.

11.   Chemistry 

Explanation: As a student at the City of London School, Perkin was wholly involved in the study of chemistry. Perkins' talent and devotion to the subject of chemistry is recognized by his teacher. 

12.   1856 

Explanation: Quinine is the only feasible medical treatment for malaria at that time. The drug is extracted from the cinchona tree's bark, which is situated in South America. The demand for the drug increased by 1856. 

13.   August Wilhelm Hofmann

Explanation: German chemist August Wilhelm Hofmann was head at the Royal college of chemistry during the time of Perkin’s enrolment.

14.   England’s Queen Victoria

Explanation: In public, England’s Queen Victoria appears wearing a mauve gown which brought rage in England. 

Check the Other Reading Passage

Click to get the other reading passages and answers.

Conclusion

Hope you checked your answers with our “William Henry Perkin IELTS Reading Answers”.  Practicing this kind of test will help you to understand your answering skills and improve your time management skill required for completing the IELTS exam within a minimum period of time. 

Kanan Blog

The latest tips and news from Kanan International team

4

Making your study abroad planning exciting, bright and way more easier.

Sign up for a free 30-minute consultation

study abroad consulation

Making your study abroad planning exciting, bright and way more easier.

Sign up for a free 30-minute consultation

study abroad consulation

Global Headquarters

Kanan Intl EdTech Inc

Ph-1, 220, George Street, Toronto Ontario, Canada M5A 2N1

India Headquarters

Kanan International Pvt. Ltd.

D-wing, 2nd Floor, Trident Complex, Ellora Park Vadiwadi Road, Vadodara, Gujarat 390007

IT/ Digital Campus

Chennai Office

132, Habibullah Rd, Satyamurthy Nagar, T. Nagar, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600017. Ph: +91 73051 21113

kanan-ftr-phone+91 63570 12000

kanan-ftr-phoneadmissions@kanan.co

kanan-ftr-fbkanan-ftr-twitterkanan-ftr-youtube

About Kanan International

A truly global higher education partner to learners and education institutions. Supports learners at every point in their global education journey with its reliable services, products and solutions.

kanan-ftr-logo

Copyright © 2022 KANAN INT EDTECH INC. All rights reserved.

Global Headquarters

Kanan Intl EdTech Inc

Ph-1, 220, George Street, Toronto Ontario, Canada M5A 2N1

India Headquarters

Kanan International Pvt. Ltd.

D-wing, 2nd Floor, Trident Complex, Ellora Park Vadiwadi Road, Vadodara, Gujarat 390007

IT/ Digital Campus

Chennai Office

132, Habibullah Rd, Satyamurthy Nagar, T. Nagar, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600017

kanan-ftr-phone+91 63597 73959

kanan-ftr-phoneadmissions@kanan.co

kanan-ftr-fbkanan-ftr-twitterkanan-ftr-youtube

Locations

Navsari|Ahmedabad|Surat|Vadodara|Vallabh VidyanagarChennai|Dehradun|Vapi|Nadiad|Thrissur|Karnal|Indore|Bardoli

About Kanan International

A truly global higher education partner to learners and education institutions. Supports learners at every point in their global education journey with its reliable services, products and solutions.

Copyright © 2022 KANAN INT EDTECH INC. All rights reserved.