Task 1 map

  • By Kanan Team
  • 14-08-2022
IELTS Task 1 map

IELTS writing task 1 is an essay format that needs to be written in a minimum of 150 words by analysing the given graph, table, chart or map. This IELTS writing task 1 is one of the easier parts of the IELTS writing section. This article is about task 1 map, where you find the techniques to solve and understand the task easier. In this task 1 map you'll be often asked to compare two or three maps and give a summary. 

Below, we’ve explained each step right from understanding the question to writing the essay. Each step has been demonstrated with a sample question and an answer. In this article you’ll get the complete guidance of how to answer the task 1 map to get the band 9. Understand the IELTS writing band descriptors to know about the marking criteria.

How to write a map essay?

How to write a map essay

The essay structure of the writing task 1 map is to be written in 4 paragraphs - introduction, overview, first main feature and second main feature. To write an IELTS task 1 map for high band score you need to follow the below-stated steps and refer to our IELTS writing task 1 tips.

Below are the steps to write the task 1 map:

Step 1: Question analysis
Step 2: Finding the main features 
Step 3: Give an introduction
Step 4: Write an overview
Step 5: Write the details paragraph 

Let’s have a look on how to give the IELTS writing task 1 map sample answer by following the steps.

The maps below show the village of Stokeford in 1930 and 2010.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

IELTS writing task 1 map

Step 1: Analyse the question 

The first step of map writing task 1 is to understand and identify the outline of the essay you’re about to write. There are three types of IELTS task 1 map questions: analysing one map, comparing two maps of past and present, and comparing two maps of present and future.

Check the below IELTS writing task 1 map sample question to know how to write.

The maps below show the village of Stokeford in 1930 and 2010.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

In this question you can find

  • Sentence 1 - Description of the map
  • Sentence 2 - Instructions of what to do

The instructions of this sample map ask you to select the main features, write about the main features and compare the main features. Hence, you need to write about only the main features but not about everything.

Step 2: Identifying the main features 

You can find the key features by looking at the earlier period of the given two or three maps. Concentrate on the main features and see how it has changed over the period. Below are some of the questions that you can ask yourself to find out the main features.

  • Which time period the maps are displayed?
  • What is the difference between the given maps?
  • Which features appeared the same in both maps?

Now, let’s take a look at the same above discussed sample map to identify the main features.

task 1 map

The above sample map is in the year 1930 and 2010 which represents the past and present of the village. By looking at the map you can see that there is a difference in the school, large house, and some features like shops and farmland are not in existence.

There are the 4 main features that are identified from the map.

Main feature 1: The primary school got developed
Main feature 2: The large house has become retirement home
Main feature 3: The shops were not in existence
Main feature 4: The farmland were build

It’s not necessary to explain every feature you identify. Select 2 to 3 main features and write an essay with it.

Step 3: Writing an introduction (Paragraph 1) 

After identifying the key feature you can start with the introduction. The introduction of the map chart task 1 can be taken from the question itself. You can rephrase the statement of the question and present it in your words. Remember your introduction is the first point that gives an impression to the examiner about your language proficiency. Check the below given task 1 map sample answer for introduction.

Question:

The maps below show the village of Stokeford in 1930 and 2010.

Introduction (Paragraph 1):

The two maps exhibit the changes and development of the village of Stokeford over the period of 1930 to 2010 that is located in the east Bank of the River Stoke.

Step 4: Writing an overview (Paragraph 2) 

The second paragraph of the essay needs to be an overview of the given maps. You need not talk about the main features, you just need to describe the difference of the maps in general.

Here is the overview for the above-stated example:

Overview (Paragraph 2):

The village of Stokeford had a huge development over the period of time. It has transformed from a small village to a developed residential area.

Step 5: Write the first detail paragraph 

After giving the overview of what you’re going to write, you need to discuss the 1 or 2 main features in the third paragraph. If you’re going to describe two main features, ensure that they correlate with each other.

From the 4 identified main features we’re going to elaborate on features 1 and 4. 

  • Main feature 1: The primary school got developed
  • Main feature 4: The farmland were build

By combining both, you can write like:

Paragraph 3:

Many construction and development was executed after 1930. The development of housing, new roads, and residential properties came into existence in the farmland which was there in 1930. Due to this evolution and the population growth of the village the primary school building was expanded.

Step 6: Write the second map in detail paragraph 

As the third paragraph, you need to write about the selected remaining main features that are not discussed in the above paragraphs.

From the discussed sample, the remaining main features are:

Main feature 2: The large house has become retirement home
Main feature 3: The shops were not in existence

You can write as:

Paragraph 4: 

In the Stokeford village, one thing that hasn't changed in the years was the Post office. But, if you see the two shops near the post office located in the north-west of the school didn't exist in 2010. Those shops were replaced by new houses. In 1930, at the south-east of the school there was a garden located where there were large houses situated. But, in 2010 it was converted into a retirement house. These were the notable developments that happened in the village of Stokeford over the years.

Sample map essay 

The two maps exhibit the changes and development of the village of Stokeford over the period of 1930 to 2010 that is located in the east Bank of the River Stoke.

The village of Stokeford had a huge development over the period of time. It has transformed from a small village to a developed residential area.

Many construction and development was executed after 1930. The development of housing, new roads, and residential properties came into existence in the farmland which was there in 1930. Due to this evolution and the population growth of the village the primary school building was expanded.

In the Stokeford village, one thing that hasn't changed in the years was the Post office. But, if you see the two shops near the post office located in the north-west of the school didn't exist in 2010. Those shops were replaced by new houses. In 1930, at the south-east of the school there was a garden located where there were large houses situated. But, in 2010 it was converted into a retirement house. These were the notable developments that happened in the village of Stokeford over the years.

(190 words)

Also practice the two maps below show an island.

Download IELTS writing task 1 map pdf

Check the IELTS writing task 1 map sample answers

Writing task 1 map sample answer comments 

Below are some of the elements that are followed in the above writing task 1 map sample answer which can achieve a band score of 9.

  • There was a proper structure followed by including the elements like introduction, overview, and discussed the main features in both paragraphs.
  • There were no repetitive words used in the sample answer.
  • The vocabulary words were included in the above essay.
  • The usage of punctuations and sentences were framed well.
  • Grammatical accuracy was carried in the above writing task 1 sample answer.

Check the IELTS writing task 1 map vocabulary to write well and achieve band 9. If you want to practice other types check our IELTS writing task 1 types.

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