IELTS writing task 2 vocabulary

  • By Kanan Team
  • 10-08-2022
IELTS writing task 2 vocabulary

In the writing section, lexical resources (vocabulary) is one of the marking criteria that takes part 25% of your score. In the IELTS writing task 2 you need to write an essay with at least 250 words in the duration of 40 minutes. The words you use in the IELTS writing essay will showcase your language ability to the examiner. In this article, you will get the complete list of IELTS writing task 2 vocabulary.

In this IELTS writing task 2 there are question types such as agree and disagree essay, problem and solution essay, advantages and disadvantages essay, etc are involved. Kickstart your practice by knowing the IELTS writing task 2 essay types. Before that, you need to learn the vocabulary for each structure and to write your essay in a unique way. That’s why we’ve compiled the list of all possible IELTS writing task 2 vocabulary. Read further!

Along with vocabulary there are many factors that are considered for scoring. Check our IELTS writing band descriptors.

IELTS writing task 2 structure

IELTS writing task 2 structure

While writing the essay of the IELTS writing task 2, you need to follow the essay structure that is commonly suggested by the experts. You can check the IELTS writing task 2 tips to crack the writing section. There are mainly four steps involved in the writing task 2. They are:

1. Introduction - This introduction is the first paragraph of your essay. In this you’re required to give a brief outline about your essay. You can rephrase the question and write the introduction.

2. Main paragraph 1 - This is the body of your essay where you need to provide your ideas or opinion based on the given question types.

3. Main paragraph 2 - This is the other part of your body paragraph where you address the other opinion. For example, if it is a problem and solution essay, you write about the solution in this paragraph and the problems in the main paragraph 1.

4. Conclusion - Finally, you need to conclude your essay with a summary.

Download the IELTS writing task 2 vocabulary pdf

Vocabulary for introduction part

Your introduction is the first part of the essay which helps the examiner to understand your language and give an idea of what you’re going to discuss further. The following words will help you to write the introduction better.

Vocabulary/phrases to start an essay

  • In my opinion/ point of view
  • I think that
  • It is undeniable that/ There is no denying that
  • Many people opine that/ some people claim
  • I believe that
  • It is often said that
  • I understand that
  • From my perspective
  • It goes without saying that
  • From my understanding of the situation
  • These days/ Nowadays
  • I agree
  • I disagree
  • I strongly agree
  • I strongly disagree
  • It appears that
  • It may seem that
Example 
  1. Nowadays people often spend more money on online products without thinking whether they need it or not.
  2. It is undeniable that due to the covid pandemic there are many changes that happened in people's daily lives.
  3. Many people opine that spending more time on social media platforms eventually kills many of them and makes them less productive.

Vocabulary to end the introduction part

  • The following paragraphs discuss
  • I oppose the view and my reasons will be explained in the following paragraphs.
  • I will support this view with arguments in the following paragraphs.
  • I personally believe that
  • Thus the advantages far outweigh the disadvantages
  • This essay will show that
  • This essay will argue that
  • To examine this issue
  • This essay will examine both
  • Firstly, this essay will…and secondly, it will
  • This essay will analyse 
Example 
  1. The following paragraphs will show the causes of the rash driving and the solution to reduce it.
  2. This essay will argue that the government should take preventive measures to reduce road accidents.
  3. Firstly this essay will discuss the major causes that create towards the innocent public and secondly it will describe how to limit this.

Vocabulary for the opinion part (h4)

  • As far as I am concerned 
  • I believe that 
  • Admittedly 
  • My opinion on the matter is that 
  • I am convinced 
  • I strongly disagree with the topic 
  • I think
  • In my opinion
  • I strongly opine that
  • I strongly agree with the idea that
  • My opinion is that
  • In my view
  • Apparently
  • According to me
  • From my point of view
  • From my perspective
  • I realise
  • To my way of thinking
  • It seems to me that
  • It appears that
  • I feel that
  • I understand
  • I suppose

Example

  1. According to me, the development of technology and the internet will not affect one’s behaviour or habits. 
  2. I believe that parents need to keep an eye on their children while using the mobile phone and engage in social media platforms.
  3. I strongly agree that social media will highly influence the person’s behaviour, habit and personality, however it’s ultimately the individual's responsibility to be disciplined.

Vocabulary for main paragraph 1

In the body paragraphs, you need to address the core that was asked in the question. The connecting words you use is one of the important factors in marking. Check the following words.

  • It is true that
  • First
  • Firstly
  • First and foremost
  • Initially
  • To begin with
  • To start with
  • Let us take a look at
  • It is worth considering
  • In the first place
  • Though it is true that
  • Some people believe that
  • Many people think that
  • According to many
  • Many support the view that
  • On the one hand
  • First of all
  • In addition
  • For example
  • For instance
  • Conversely
  • However
  • In my opinion
  • My first argument
  • To embark on
  • It is commonly believed
Example
  1. To begin with, the government needs to consider the factors that are involved in the economic crisis and the reasons for the people’s poverty.
  2. It is true that due to the lack of opportunities and employment, many people migrate to other countries.
  3. Many support the view that the only solution to handle the people's migration is by making the companies invest in the poorer countries and lend a hand for their better living.

Vocabulary for main paragraph 2, 3

Below are the following IELTS writing vocabulary words that you can use in your body paragraphs of the writing task 2 essay.

  • Third(ly)
  • Then
  • Next
  • After that
  • And
  • Again
  • Also
  • Besides
  • Likewise
  • In addition
  • Consequently
  • Furthermore
  • Moreover
  • Other people think that
  • Other people believe that
  • On the other hand
  • Apart from that
  • Finally
  • Last but not least
  • On the contrary
  • In contrast
  • Secondly
  • To drive this point
  • In support of the previous argument
  • On the flip side
  • However
  • In continuation
  • Apart from
Example
  1. In addition to this there are many advantages that the technologies provide nowadays.
  2. Besides, people need to be aware of the impact that the frequent use of mobile phones creates for their mental and physical health.
  3. On the other hand there are many ways to reduce the consequences that technological advancement creates in the human’s lives.

Vocabulary for conclusion

Starting from the conclusion is a tedious part. That’s where the vocabulary for the conclusion part will come to rescue. Check the below words to present your conclusion in a better way.

  • In conclusion
  • In summary
  • To conclude
  • To sum up
  • In general
  • To summarise
  • In short
  • Overall
  • On the whole
  • To draw the conclusion
  • In a nutshell
  • To elucidate
  • Taking into consideration
  • Taking everything into account
  • Finally
  • In the end
  • On balance
  • Therefore
  • I would like to conclude by saying
  • I would like to close this argument by
  • Weighing up both sides of the argument
Example
  1. Finally, the reduction of road accidents will happen only if the government takes severe action towards the people who disobey the rules.
  2. To summarise, if the government doesn’t create awareness by advertising there will be huge loss towards the lives of innocent people.
  3. In general, studying English in an English-speaking country is preferable. However, it is not that students can improve their English skill only by studying in the foriegn countries.

Vocabulary to show comparison

  • In the same way
  • In much the same way
  • Likewise
  • Similarly
  • In a similar way
  • Like the previous point
  • Similar to
  • Also
  • At the same time
  • Just as

Vocabulary to express contrast

  • On the other hand
  • On the contrary
  • However
  • Nevertheless/ Nonetheless
  • But
  • Oppositely
  • Alternatively
  • Unlike
  • While
  • Whilst
  • Although
  • Though
  • Even though
  • Despite/ In spite of
  • In spite of the fact that
  • In contrast to this
  • On the other hand
  • Despite the fact that
  • Even so
  • Yet
  • Meanwhile
  • Whereas, 
  • Compared with
  • From a different perspective
  • From a different viewpoint

Vocabulary for example

  • As an example
  • As an illustration
  • As an instance
  • For instance
  • For example
  • By way of illustration
  • By way of example
  • To illustrate
  • To paraphrase
  • To show an example
  • To give an example
  • To cite an example
  • To cite an instance
  • Take one instance
  • Like
  • As
  • That is
  • Such as
  • Particularly
  • Specifically
  • Regarding
  • In particular
  • Including/ To include
  • Namely
  • An excellent example is 
  • The best example is 
  • With respect to
  • As a piece of evidence
  • Ideal example
  • A case
  • When it comes to
  • As a model
Example
  1. For instance, it is not a guarantee that employment is the only need of the skilled workers.
  2. To show an example, many Banks and organisations have given the right support to developing countries.

Vocabulary to show an idea

  • Research shows that
  • Research has found that
  • Numerous studies have found that 
  • When it comes to
  • With respect to
  • Not only
  • But also
  • In terms of
  • There is ample evidence to suggest that
  • There is proof that
  • A recent study shows
Example
  1. Research has shown that the young people are the major reason to create the road accidents
  2. When it comes to the child's well-being, parents play the most important role.
  3. Not only this, there are many reasons that make the child involved in bad/unethical practices.

Vocabulary to present more ideas

  • Furthermore
  • In addition
  • On top of that
  • Besides
  • Another point worth noting is
  • Another factor to consider is
  • But also
  • Also
  • Although 
  • By adding to this
  • Other aspect of the point is
  • Another aspects are
  • With respect to

Vocabulary for consequence, effects or results

  • As a result
  • Consequently
  • As a consequence
  • As an effect
  • Thus
  • So
  • The reason why
  • Therefore
  • On account of
  • Because of
  • Hence
  • Eventually
  • For this/that reason
  • Thereby
  • Due to
  • Owing to
  • Thus
  • To put it simply 
  • In other words 

Vocabulary to present result and reason

  • As a result
  • Due to
  • Reason behind this is
  • Has led to/ Has resulted in
  • Consequently
  • Therefore
  • Thereby
  • Thus
  • On the whole

Vocabulary for summing up the end of a paragraph 

  • To sum up
  • In short
  • In a word
  • To put it simply
  • That is to say
  • To repeat in short
  • To summarise
  • Finally
  • Eventually
  • Overall 
  • It may seem 
  • Summing up

Vocabulary to add emphasis or add additional information

  • It goes without saying that
  • Obviously
  • Needless to say
  • Although
  • Thought
  • Nonetheless
  • Nevertheless
  • Still
  • Yet
  • Must
  • After all
  • Even if
  • Therefore
  • Thus

Vocabulary for rephrasing or clarifying

  • To put it simply
  • To put it in another way
  • That is to say
  • In other words
  • To make that simple
  • In simple words
  • Coming to the point

Transitional words / connective words

  • Then
  • Else
  • Otherwise
  • Besides
  • As soon as
  • At last
  • As much as
  • First of all 
  • Second of all 
  • Finally 
  • Moreover 
  • Furthermore 
  • Additionally 
  • Likewise 
  • On top of that

Vocabulary to generalise a statement

  • Generally
  • In general
  • Overall
  • All in all
  • Basically
  • As a rule
  • Essentially
  • On the whole
  • All things considered
  • In consideration with

Vocabulary to express condition

  • If
  • Provided that
  • Because of that
  • For this reason
  • Unless
  • So that
  • In case
  • Whether
  • This
  • In the event
  • On condition
  • Whether

Words used to express agreement

  • I believe that
  • I agree
  • I strongly believe that
  • I strongly agree
  • My opinion is
  • In my opinion
  • In my point of view
  • My viewpoint
  • As per my thought
  • I quite agree that
  • I completely agree that
  • I totally agree with the given idea that
  • I agree with the opinion
  • I am quite inclined to the opinion
  • I accept that
  • I accept the fact that
  • I am in agreement
  • I consent that

Words used to express disagreement 

  • I disagree with the opinion
  • I strongly disagree
  • I completely disagree
  • I totally disagree with the given idea
  • I disagree with the statement
  • I quite oppose the opinion that
  • I totally don't accept the fact
  • My own opinion contradicts
  • However, my opinion is different

Words to presents partial agreement

  • To some extent
  • In a way
  • I agree to the given statement to some extent
  • Up to a point I agree
  • More or less

Vocabulary to show certainty

  • Certainly
  • Definitely
  • No doubt
  • Of course
  • Doubtlessly
  • Without any doubt
  • Undoubtedly

Vocabulary to express time

  • First/ Firstly
  • Second/ Secondly
  • Third/ Thirdly
  • Last/ Lastly
  • Then
  • At the same time
  • Meanwhile
  • Since
  • As soon as
  • After this / that
  • Before
  • Afterwards
  • During
  • While
  • Simultaneously
  • When

Vocabulary to present relation

  • Across/ across from
  • Where 
  • In which
  • To which
  • From which
  • Under
  • Over
  • Inside
  • On top of
  • Along
  • Though
  • As far as
  • Northern, southern, eastern, western
  • to the left/ on the left-hand side
  • to the right/ on the right-hand side
  • to the south
  • in back
  • behind the
  • in front, in front of the
  • in the middle
  • adjacent
  • midpoint halfway
  • parallel, parallel to
  • perpendicular to
  • opposite

Words used for clarification

  • Aspect
  • Attributes
  • Bases
  • Basic kinds of
  • Categories
  • Characteristics
  • Classes
  • Classifications
  • Classify
  • Contradictory
  • Contrasting
  • Dissimilar
  • Distinguishable
  • Divide
  • Factors
  • Falls into
  • Fundamental
  • Important
  • Insignificant
  • Main kinds of
  • Methods
  • Opposing
  • Opposite
  • Origins
  • Parts
  • Primary
  • Secondary
  • Qualities
  • Significant
  • Similar
  • Sources
  • Types of
    Unimportant

Words for describing definition

  • Aspect
  • Category
  • Characteristics
  • Clarify
  • Class
  • Condition
  • Define
  • Definition
  • Explain
  • Explanation
  • Form
  • In other words
  • Kind
  • Method
  • Type
Conclusion

I hope this article will give you a complete knowledge of the vocabulary you need to include in the IELTS writing task 2. Utilize these IELTS writing task 2 vocabulary to get the band 9 in the writing test.

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