Task 1 Line Graph

  • By Kanan Team
  • 18-08-2022
IELTS Writing Task 1 Line Graph Vocabulary

Task 1 Line Graph (also called line chart) gives a graphical representation of data and requires you to summarise that information in your own words in 20 minutes. Since this Task 1 Line Graph essay comes under the IELTS Academic writing task 1 paper along with a pie chart, bar, etc., it may ask you to compare data, use new vocabulary and highlight recent trends. To tackle such questions in the 2022 IELTS exam, practice various sample answers available here and in PDF.

Here, you will learn about the task 1 line graph and practice questions & answers.

How to write a line graph essay? 

How to write a line graph essay?

In IELTS Writing Task 1 line graph, you must observe how its information changes over time and write the trends. It is mainly an essay type that has a line chart/graph with x-axis (horizontal) and y-axis (vertical). In order to learn how to write line graph essays, you must follow 5 steps (below). But before that, quickly go through the line graph essay structure having an introduction, overview, and 1st & 2nd main features. Now, let’s get started.

The steps involved in describing the line graph essay are as follows 
Step 1: Analyse the question
Step 2: Discover the main features
Step 3: Introduction writing
Step 4: Writing an overview
Step 5: Writing the paragraphs in detail

Let’s take the practice question below to learn step-by-step how to write a line graph essay.

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Practice Question:

Household recycling rates in three different countries between 2005 and 2015.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

Practice Question

Step 1: Analyse the question 

For each question, you can split it into three parts as follows for easy understanding.

  • Sentence 1 - Describe the graphic representation briefly
  • Sentence 2 - Give instructions
  • The Graphic - Graph, Table, Chart, etc.

For the 2nd sentence, you must select the main features, write about it and compare between them.

Step 2: Discover the Main Features 

In the next step, you need to identify the main features of the question. To do it correctly, you can ask the following questions to yourself:

  • What information does the line chart have?
  • What are the units of measurements?
  • What are the time periods?
  • What can you observe from the title and any labels?
  • What is the notable trend?
  • Compare and find out similarities (if any)?

There are 2 main features/trends in this line graph:
 
Main feature 1: France declined from 50% to 40% over a decade in terms of household recycling rates.
Main feature 2: Germany increased nearly four times from 20% to 57% over a decade in terms of household recycling rates.

The trends you highlighted will be useful to start your essay in IELTS writing task 1. Then you can add some more details. Since the entire Task 1 is 20 minutes, and you are required to write 150 words, you cannot add more details.

Step 3:  Introduction Writing 

Unlike other essay types, in line graph essay, you need to just paraphrase the question in a different way. You can use new vocabulary and sentence structure to do it. For example:

Question:
Household recycling rates in three different countries between 2005 and 2015.

Introduction (Paragraph 1):
The line graph compares the UK, France and Germany in terms of household recycling rates between a decade of 2005 to 2015.

Step 4: Write an Overview 

Here, you must write the main features you have identified and give some general information. In the subsequent paragraphs, you will write the details of it. In case of comparison, mention them in crisp and clear language.

To give the best overview, stick to the 40 - 50 word limit. Do not use complicated words or language. Just write the appropriate vocabulary and verb tenses that ensures a clear understanding. For example:

Overview (Paragraph 2):

When compared to Germany and the UK, France holds the third position. The population in France has declined from 50% to 40% between 2005 and 2015 pertaining to household recycling rates. 

Step 5: Write the Paragraphs in Detail 

In paragraphs 3 and 4, you need to write your essay in detail with more information about the data in the graphic. If there’s a possibility for comparison, then do it. In paragraph 3 and 4, give supporting evidence for main features 1 and 2 respectively. For example:

Detailed Explanation (Paragraphs 3 and 4): 
In 2005, France was at the top with 50% in household recycling rates. Later it declined gradually in 2007 and reached a very low level of 30% in 2013. After this major dip in percentage, the graph record shows a sudden rise of 40% in 2015. 
 
When compared to France, Germany and the UK have a similar trend in household recycling rates. They maintained around a 10% difference throughout the time period. In 2005, the UK was in 2nd position with 35% and Germany in 3rd position with 20%. After 2009, they both reached a steady growth, and their difference got narrowed to 3%. Thus, they reached an all-time high. This information will impact household expenditure and how to use the recycled products in both urban and rural areas.
 
Please note that the fourth paragraph is final. You should not add one more sentence or paragraph after that.
 
Also Read: IELTS Writing Task 1 Tips


Sample Line Graph Essay 

The sample of a line graph essay is nothing but the finished IELTS writing task 1 - line graph essay from our practice question is as follows.

The line graph compares the UK, France and Germany in terms of household recycling rates between a decade of 2005 to 2015.

When compared to Germany and the UK, France holds the third position. The population in France has declined from 50% to 40% between 2005 and 2015 pertaining to household recycling rates.

In 2005, France was at the top with 50% in household recycling rates. Later it declined gradually in 2007 and reached a very low level of 30% in 2013. After this major dip in percentage, the graph record shows a sudden rise of 40% in 2015. 

When compared to France, Germany and the UK have a similar trend in household recycling rates. They maintained around a 10% difference throughout the time period. In 2005, the UK was in 2nd position with 35% and Germany in 3rd position with 20%. After 2009, they both reached a steady growth, and their difference got narrowed to 3%. Thus, they reached an all-time high. This information will impact household expenditure and how to use the recycled products in both urban and rural areas.

(182 words)

This sample IELTS line graph essay is well written with all essential features. Now, you start practising this format with other IELTS line graph questions until you gain speed in writing. Then you write a completely new essay in 20 minutes to check your progress.

IELTS Writing Task 1 Line Graph Sample Answers:

To master this question type thoroughly, you must practise the following IELTS Writing Task 1 Line Graph/Chart - Sample Answer

Summary

IELTS Writing task 1 has multiple essay questions where the line graph is considered a tricky essay type. If you can follow the IELTS line graph essay structure and steps given here, you can tackle this question with confidence.

FAQs 

1. What is a line graph?
The line graph is one of the essay types in the IELTS writing task 1, used to show how information/data change over time. The graph comprises an x-axis (horizontal) and y-axis (vertical) representing the time period and what is being measured. It is also used to compare two different points, highlight trends, etc. According to the IELTS official website, there are seven (7) IELTS writing task 1 types given.

2. How to write a line graph in IELTS writing task 1?
To write a line graph essay, start with an introduction, briefly describe two main features in the overview and give supporting evidence to the subsequent paragraphs.

3. How many graphs are there in Writing task 1?
In the IELTS writing task 1 there are 6 types of charts included. They are process diagrams, maps, bar charts, tables or line graphs and pie charts. Each is different in terms of essay structure and writing.

4. How do you summarise a line graph?
To summarise a line graph in the IELTS writing task 1, you must use appropriate vocabulary like ‘steadily declined’ ‘sharp increase’ etc. Please note that do not give reasons for the trends or your personal opinion.

5. Is IELTS writing task 1 line graph vocabulary available?
Yes. There are IELTS writing task 1 line graph/chart vocabulary available. It includes nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, idioms and phrases.

6. Is conclusion required for the IELTS writing task 1 - line graph?
No. Conclusion is not required for the line graph essay type. After elaborating the main features in paragraphs 3 and 4, you don’t need to add a concluding sentence.

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