Process chart task 1

  • By Kanan Team
  • 14-08-2022
Process chart task 1

One of the essential types in the IELTS academic writing task 1 section is the process chart task 1. A process chart is the graphic representation of the process of making something or the functions of something. First, make sure you comprehend the process or flow, paraphrase the question, elaborate on the process in detail, divide it into two main body paragraphs, and then proofread it.
 
You will find some sample process chart essay writing in the following section. Additionally, we’ve included a model practice question and a clear step-by-step procedure to write a perfect essay. Practicing the process chart task 1 given here will help you to learn some tactics, understand the question pattern, and most importantly you are taking a trial for your final IELTS writing task 1 exam. 

Types of process chart

There are three IELTS writing task 1 types of process charts, and they are as follows 

  • Natural process chart
  • Manufacturing process chart 

Natural process chart:

The natural process chart describes an event that happens naturally and moreover is closely linked to animals, plants, growing trees, the weather, marine, carbon cycle, water cycle, etc.

Manufacturing process chart 

The manufacturing process chart illustrates the human-made process of products like glass manufacturing, metal manufacturing, plastics and rubber manufacturing, and more. 

How to write a process chart task 1 essay? 

How to write a process chart essay?

To complete the task 1 process chart with a good band score, essay structure is more significant than anything else. Learn how to write a perfect essay since the proper writing structure and a step-by-step procedure are included in this section. Along with the process chart IELTS task 1 explanation, a practice question is provided to offer you a clear-cut understanding.

Four main sections combine to make a flawless IELTS writing task 1 process chart essay. They are as follows,

  1. Introduction
  2. Overview
  3. 1st main feature
  4. 2nd main feature

The steps involved in describing the process chart task 1 essay are as follows,

Step 1: Analyse the question
Step 2: Identify the main features
Step 3: Introduction writing
Step 4: Writing an overview
Step 5: Writing the 1st detailed paragraph 
Step 6: Writing the 2nd detailed paragraph 

Model practice question:
 
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The diagram below displays the process of photosynthesis. Summarise the information by describing the main features of the chart and making comparisons where relevant. Write at least 150 words.

Model practice question

Step 1: Analyse the question

Before starting writing, analyze the question thoroughly to understand what the chart describes, the types of process, and finally what the process belongs to. 

You will have the below three things in your task 1 process chart question,

  1. Description of the graph
  2. Instructions to be followed 
  3. Graph 

In the instruction section, you will be instructed to select the main features from the bar chart, then explain the main features, and finally compare the main features.

Instructions are given like identify the main features from the process chart, summarise the main features, and finally compare the main feature where relevant.

Question analysis of the model practice question:

The diagram below displays the process of photosynthesis. 

Summarise the information by describing the main features of the chart and making comparisons where relevant. 

The diagram above represents the process flow of photosynthesis. In the next sentence, you will find the instructions to explain the process, identify the main features, and compare the main features where appropriate.

Step 2: Identifying the main features

In the process diagram, you will find lots of information about the process. However, you should concentrate more on the main feature of the process. Since this task is to check your language, grammar, and vocabulary, you won’t get any tough charts. 

These are some things you have to notice or identify from the given process chart task 1,

  • Check whether it is a man-made or a natural process
  • Then Identify which type it belongs to, linear or cyclical
  • Recognize what the process actually about
  • Check the starting and ending points of the process
  • Notice the number of steps included in the process
  • Check if there are any stages in the process
  • Result of the process

Main features for the model practice question:

  • Water, sunlight, and carbon dioxide are the materials for the photosynthesis process.
  • Carbon dioxide enters the plants through the stomata.
  • Oxygen and water exit through stomata
  • Roots support the plant when transpiration happens.
  • Plants prepare food with the help of photosynthesis.

Step 3: Writing an introduction (Paragraph 1)

In the introduction part, merely paraphrase the question statement using some suitable synonyms. Before that, you have to read the question carefully to do the paraphrasing. Then you can include information like what the process belongs to, the type of process, etc.

Introduction of the model practice question:

The writing task 1 process chart shows the natural linear process that happens in plants to produce water, oxygen, and food. The name of the process is photosynthesis. It occurs in green plants to generate the energy needed by plants for their life processes.

Step 4: Writing an overview (Paragraph 2)

Provide the general description of the process chart IELTS task 1 and this is your next paragraph to the introduction. The overview section doesn’t need any perfect grammar and IELTS writing task 1 process chart vocabulary, it is just overall information about the chart. Further information should be written in the next two body paragraphs. 

Overview of the model practice questions:

Water, light, and carbon dioxide play a vital role in the photosynthesis process. It takes place in green plants to produce water, oxygen, and food. Chlorophyll is the pigment needed for the photosynthesis process.

Step 5: writing the 1st detail paragraph

Next to the overview section, you need to write a first body paragraph that should contain the first main features you found in the chart, and detailed information about the process. Additionally, compare the main features if relevant. 

1st detailed paragraph of the model practice question:

In the first stage of the photosynthesis process, sunlight is absorbed by chlorophyll present in the leaves of the plants. Then the carbon dioxide enters the leaves through stomata, found on the bottom of the leaves. Next, the roots absorbed the water to help the plants during the transpiration.

Step 6: Writing the 2nd detail paragraph

This is the last section of your process chart task 1 essay writing. And this section includes the rest of the main features you identified from the process with examples (if any). Compare the main feature if it is relevant.   

2nd detailed paragraph of the model practice question:

The combination of water, sunlight, and carbon dioxide produces sugar. Stomata help oxygen and water exit from the leaves. This process is called transpiration. To compensate and to help plants while water is lost, roots send water to the stem of the plant and it stores the extra sugar as starch.

Sample process chart essay

The chart shows the natural linear process that happens in plants to produce water, oxygen, and food. The name of the process is photosynthesis. It occurs in green plants to generate the energy needed by plants for their life processes.

On the whole, water, light, and carbon dioxide play a vital role in the photosynthesis process. It takes place in green plants to produce water, oxygen, and food. Added to that, chlorophyll is the pigment needed for the photosynthesis process.

In the first stage of the photosynthesis process, sunlight is absorbed by chlorophyll present in the leaves of the plants. Then the carbon dioxide enters the leaves through stomata, found on the bottom of the leaves. Next, the roots absorbed the water to help the plants during the transpiration.

The combination of water, sunlight, and carbon dioxide produces sugar. Stomata help oxygen and water exit from the leaves. This process is called transpiration. To compensate and to help plants while water is lost, roots send water to the stem of the plant and it stores the extra sugar as starch. In the final stage of the process, the end product is water and oxygen.

Word count - 195 words

Task 1 process chart vocabulary

Vocabulary is a must-have skill to crack all four different modules like reading, writing, listening, and speaking. A good vocabulary ability will make you achieve a band score 9. However, poor vocabulary makes you repeat words and you run out of words to complete the essay. The two main things you need to understand are the proper IELTS writing task 1 vocabulary and how to use it in your essay. 

Using the task 1 process chart task, your lexical knowledge will be assessed. If you are aiming for a band score 9, then advanced vocabulary is mandatory. Enhance your IELTS writing task 1 vocabulary by listening to the audio of English speakers, watching English movies with subtitles, reading English books, articles, news, etc. Make a note and familiarise yourself with new or different words you learn each day to expand your IELTS writing task 1 vocabulary abilities.

Also Read: IELTS Writing Band Descriptors

Tips for IELTS task 1 process chart

These are some major IELTS writing task 1 tips and strategies listed below to complete the IELTS academic writing task 1 process chart essay writing, 

  • Prior to everything, analyse the question to understand the type of process chart and the process or flow of the chart.
  • The initial step to start an essay is paraphrasing the question. Paraphrasing is replacing the synonyms of the words from the question statement.
  • Next, summarise the process with proper sentence structure and the key feature you found in the given diagram.
  • Using an appropriate IELTS writing task 1 vocabulary in the appropriate place is highly essential to impress your examiner with your essay writing.
  • Avoid informal words and sentences while you write an essay. Your essay writing must be in an academic or unbiased style.
  • Although no one will stop you from writing more than 150 words, it is better to finish the essay in 150 - 160 words. Otherwise, you will run out of time to complete Writing Task 1.
  • Remember that you should include all the key features of the given diagram in your essay.
  • Do not deviate from the topic. Make sure that your writing is relevant to the particular given topic.
  • Use words like First, First of all, the first stage, next step, moreover, however, then, after, finally, the final stage, etc.
  • Make sure that you have not crossed your word count. Meantime, keep your eye on the time. Since time management is a crucial part to achieve anything.
  • Make sure you don't go over your word count. Meanwhile, keep an eye on the time to complete the task on time.

Task 1 process chart

Get some sample questions and answers in this section which will aid you to know the correct structure, required strategies, the information that should be included, and finally how to present a perfect essay to achieve a band score 9. 

Below are the questions of the samples, provided with charts and answers in the following sections,

  1. The process chart task 1 below shows the stages and equipment used in the cement-making process, and how cement is used to produce concrete for building purposes.
  2. The process chart task 1 below represents the carbon cycle in nature.
  3. The chart below shows how geothermal energy is used to produce electricity.

IELTS writing task 1 process chart model answer 1

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The process chart below shows the stages and equipment used in the cement-making process, and how cement is used to produce concrete for building purposes. 

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant. Write at least 150 words

IELTS writing task 1 process chart model answer 1

IELTS writing task 1 process chart sample answer 1

The above process chart task 1 shows the process of making cement, the equipment used, then the cement usage in the concrete production. The chart describes two different processes, however, the second one starts with the end result of the first process.

In general, it is clearly understood that these are linear as well as complicated processes. Since it includes multiple steps, equipment, and stages. 

In the first step, the crusher crushed the limestone and clay to obtain a powder. Then the powder is sent to the mixer to mix well. Next, the mixture is passed through the rotary heater which is heated on the other side. Once heated, the powder is collected in a grinder. Finally, the cement is bagged and ready for delivery.

Looking at the second chart, all four ingredients, gravel, cement, water, and sand are added to the concrete mixer. Then, It then rotates clockwise to mix the four ingredients to produce the final product, concrete. Ultimately, cement is ready for house and construction works.

Word count - 166 words

Download the diagram below show the stages and equipment pdf

IELTS writing task 1 process chart model answer 2

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The process chart below represents the carbon cycle in nature

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant. Write at least 150 words

IELTS writing task 1 process chart model answer 2

IELTS writing task 1 process chart sample answer 2

The given task 1 process chart shows the carbon movement on and around the atmosphere via different stages to form a complete cycle. The carbon cycle process involves both natural and human practices.

Altogether, the chart clearly shows that this carbon cycle is a cyclical process and it is an essential element for all living things for their survival on earth. 

The first stage of the carbon cycle is the process of photosynthesis, where plants absorb carbon dioxide to produce water, food, and oxygen. Later, this organic carbon is moved underground when the plants and animals that eat them die and decay. Organic carbon, extinct organisms, and wastes are stuck underground to form fossils and fossil fuels.

Plants, animals, and human beings, everything takes part in the carbon cycle. Plants absorb and release it underground, animals give off carbon, and finally, humans burn fossil fuels for their transport which releases carbon again. Finally, it is released back into the atmosphere to begin the cycle again.

Word count - 162 words

Download the diagram below shows the carbon cycle in nature pdf

IELTS writing task 1 process chart model answer 3

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The process chart below shows how geothermal energy is used to generate electricity

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant. Write at least 150 words

IELTS writing task 1 process chart model answer 3

IELTS writing task 1 process chart sample answer 3

The above given process chart task 1 illustrates the process of generating electricity using geothermal energy. It starts with cold water and ends with electricity.

Overall, the process breaks down into five stages to produce electricity. Cold water is sent through the geothermal zone to heat it, and then the hot steam of the water helps the turbine to generate electricity. 

In the first stage of the process, cold water is pumped down 4.5 km to reach the injection well. Then it passes through the geothermal zone and heats the water since the zone contains hot rocks. Then, the hot water is sent to the production well before being pumped up to the condenser.

The remaining two stages occur at the ground surface of the power plant. Once the hot water is collected in the condenser, it turns the water into steam and is sent to the turbine. The hot steam helps to generate electricity for the turbine and finally, it is fed to the power system through electric lines.

Word count - 168 words

Download the diagram below shows how geothermal energy pdf

Some significant process chart sample answers topics 

Writing task 1 process chart sample answer comments

  • Process diagram questions could be a significant factor to boost your overall score in the IELTS writing task.
  • Read the entire blog to learn the structure, steps, and IELTS writing task 1 process chart sample answers that will help you write the perfect essay writing effectively in your final IELTS exams.
  • A perfect IELTS writing task 1 vocabulary in a suitable spot and grammar accuracy are major aspects to achieve a band score 9. 

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