GRE Syllabus

GRE Syllabus

Are you searching for the GRE Syllabus 2022? Then you’re at the right place. But before we get into it, let’s briefly see what GRE is. Graduate Record Examinations (GRE) is a standardized test conducted by ETS. Top universities in the US, Canada, Singapore, etc., accept GRE scores for postgraduate admissions. To know everything about the GRE Syllabus, including exam pattern, best books, etc., check out this blog!

Many international students take the GRE exam to prove that they’re competent enough to pursue a master’s degree. To do that, they must attend all three sections in GRE: Quantitative Reasoning, Verbal Reasoning and Analytical Writing. And after attaining a good GRE score of 325+ out of 340, they can easily fill a seat in their desired university.

GRE Test Formats

Unlike GMAT or any other eligibility test, GRE test formats are of two types: GRE General Test and GRE Subject Tests. Both these test formats measure different skills but serve the same purpose, i.e. for university admission. Now, let’s see it one by one.

  • GRE General Test - The GRE General Test is a computer-delivered test that measures your verbal reasoning, quantitative reasoning, critical thinking and analytical writing skills. It aims to reflect the kind of thinking you will need in today’s graduate-level courses. 
  • GRE Subject Tests - GRE Subject Tests consist of Physics, Chemistry, Maths, and Psychology that measures your extensive knowledge of any of the subjects. This test is considered as a supplement to your undergraduate records and other academic qualifications.

GRE General Test Syllabus

GRE General Test Syllabus covers three sections: Quantitative Reasoning, Verbal Reasoning, and Analytical Writing (AWA). Each section tests a different skill set using different question types. Overall, the syllabus is designed that is not specific to any field of study but is imperative for all who aspire to study for a master’s. 

GRE General Test’s Syllabus: Section-Wise

By now, you should know that the GRE General Test contains three different sections or types. Each section is responsible for different question types and skills to test. If you want to know the entire GRE General Test’s syllabus, you must go through each section exclusively.

GRE Syllabus for Quantitative Reasoning

gre syllabus for quantitative reasoning

GRE Quantitative Reasoning syllabus includes four different question types:

  1. Quantitative Comparison Questions
  2. Multiple-choice Questions - Select One Answer Choice
  3. Multiple-choice Questions - Select One or More Answer Choices
  4. Numeric Entry Questions

Apart from that, there are also a list of topics included in the GRE Quant Syllabus as follows:

S No. Topics S No. Topics
1 Profit and loss 12 Statistics
2 Speed, Distance and Time 13 Probability
3 Ratio and Proportion 14 Volume and Surface Area
4 Permutation and Combination 15 Lines and Angles
5 Triangles 16 Polygon
6 Coordinate Geometry 17 Circles
7 Powers and Roots 18 Order of Operations
8 Linear Equations 19 Number Properties
9 Percentage 20 Pipes, Cisterns, Work, Time
10 Simple and Compound Interest 21 Quadratic Equations
11 Quadrilateral 22 Sets Theory

Don’t worry after seeing these topics. You can get it from the best books for GRE Quant available in PDF and hard copies. 

Skills and Expertise Required in GRE Quant Section

The GRE Quant section includes topics and concepts that are basically to test your skills in: 

  • Applying your math skills and basic concepts of arithmetic, algebra, geometry and data analysis.
  • Understanding the concept, interpreting and analysing quantitative information.
  • Solving the problems using your mathematical skills.

GRE Syllabus for Verbal Reasoning

gre syllabus for verbal reasoning
GRE Verbal Reasoning Syllabus involves three types of questions:

  1. Reading Comprehension
  2. Text Completion
  3. Sentence Equivalence

In addition to that, the following topics are included:

  • Idioms & Idiomatic Expressions
  • Pronoun Agreement
  • Subject-Verb Agreement
  • Modifiers
  • Verb Tense
  • Basic Sentence Structure: Nouns, Pronouns, Adjectives
  • Parallelism

To cover all these topics in detail, you need to get the best books for GRE Verbal.

Skills and Expertise Required in GRE Verbal Section

The skills and expertise required In GRE Verbal section include:

  • Making important points; differentiate between major and minor, and also irrelevant points.
  • Understanding the structure and summarising the text.
  • Analysing and making conclusions from discourse; identifying reasons for partial data; understanding author’s assumptions; understanding different levels of meaning, like literal, figurative and author’s intent.
  • Understanding individual words, sentences and texts; knowing the relationships among words and among concepts.

GRE Syllabus for Analytical Writing 

gre syllabus for analytical writing

In the GRE syllabus for Analytical Writing (awa), two question types are included:

  1. An analyse an issue task
  2. An analyse an argument task

To master these question types, use the best books for GRE Analytical Writing that offer useful tips and techniques. 

Skills and Expertise Required in GRE Analytical Writing (AWA) Section

The GRE Analytical Writing (AWA) section is given to measure your ability to:

  • Maintain a well-focused, coherent discussion
  • Analyse claims and supporting evidence
  • Supplement ideas with suitable reasons and examples
  • Articulate complex ideas clearly and effectively
  • Sustain the elements of standard written English

GRE Subject Tests Syllabus

The GRE Subject Tests Syllabus include the following disciplines:

  1. Physics
  2. Chemistry
  3. Mathematics
  4. Psychology

The GRE Subject Tests are in a paper-delivered format with a time duration of 2 hours and 50 minutes. 

GRE Subject Tests’ Syllabus: Section-Wise

GRE Subject Tests’ is a paper-based examination that is conducted by ETS three times a year. Like the GRE General Test, this GRE Subject Test also contains different sections that are intended to measure your knowledge in a particular subject. To know the syllabus for each subject, go through the following passages. Please note that this test is an additional qualification that can help you stand out from the other candidates.

GRE Subject Tests’ Syllabus - Chemistry

Chemistry in the GRE Subject Tests consists of approximately 130 multiple-choice questions. It’s syllabus includes:

1. Analytical Chemistry - (It covers 15%)

  1. Data Acquisition and use of Statistics
  2. Instrumental Methods
  3. Solutions and Standardization
  4. Homogeneous Equilibria
  5. Environmental Applications
  6. Heterogeneous Equilibria
  7. Radiochemical Methods

2. Inorganic Chemistry - (It covers 25%)

  1. General Chemistry
  2. Ionic Substances
  3. Covalent Molecular Substances
  4. Metals and Semiconductors
  5. Concepts of Acids and Bases
  6. Chemistry of the Main Group Elements
  7. Chemistry of the Transition Elements
  8. Other Special Topics

3. Organic Chemistry - (It covers 30%)

  1. Structure, Bonding and Nomenclature
  2. Reaction Mechanisms
  3. Functional Groups
  4. Organometallics
  5. Other Special Topics

4. Physical Chemistry - (It covers 30%)

  1. Quantum Chemistry and Applications to Spectroscopy
  2. Thermodynamics
  3. Dynamics

GRE Subject Tests’ Syllabus - Mathematics

Mathematics syllabus in the GRE Subject Tests’ contains 50 percent from calculus and its applications, 25 percent from algebra, linear algebra, abstract algebra and number theory, and the remaining 25 percent from the other areas.

This subject contains approximately 66 multiple-choice questions that are taken from the following:

1. Calculus - (It covers 50%)

  1. Differential and Integral Calculus
  2. Calculus-based applications
  3. Coordinate Geometry
  4. Trigonometry
  5. Differential Equations

2. Algebra - (It covers 25%)

  1. Linear Algebra
  2. Abstract Algebra
  3. Number Theory
  4. Elementary Algebra

3. Other Additional Topics (It covers 25%)

  1. Discrete Mathematics
  2. Introductory Real Analysis
  3. Other Topics

GRE Subject Tests’ Syllabus - Physics

Physics in the GRE Subject Tests’ consists of approximately 100 five-choice questions. The syllabus for this subject includes the following:

  1. Classical Mechanics - (It covers 20%)
  2. Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics - (It covers 10%)
  3. Quantum Mechanics - (It covers 12%)
  4. Electromagnetism - (It covers 18%)
  5. Special Relativity - (It covers 6%)
  6. Laboratory Methods - (It covers 6%) 
  7. Optics and Wave Phenomena - (It covers 9%)
  8. Atomic Physics - (It covers 10%)
  9. Other Specialised Topics - (It covers 9%)

GRE Subject Tests’ Syllabus - Psychology

Psychology is one of the interesting subjects in the GRE Subject Tests. It approximately contains 205 multiple-choice questions. The Psychology subject includes:

1. Cognitive - (It covers 17 - 24%)

  1. Language
  2. Learning
  3. Thinking
  4. Memory

2. Developmental - (It covers 12 - 14%)

  1. Emotion
  2. Language
  3. Learning, Intelligence
  4. Perception and Cognition
  5. Social, Personality
  6. Socialization, Family and Cultural
  7. Nature-Nurture
  8. Physical and Motor
  9. Theories, Applications and Issues

3. Measurement/Methodology/Others - (It covers 15 - 19%)

  1. Measurement and Methodology
  2. General

4. Biological - (It covers 17 - 21%)

  1. Physiological/Behavioural Neuroscience
  2. Sensation and Perception

5. Clinical - (It covers 15 - 19%)

  1. Clinical and Abnormal
  2. Personality

6. Social - (It covers 12 - 14%)

  1. Theories, Applications and Issues
  2. Interpersonal Attraction and Close Relationships
  3. Group and Intergroup Processes
  4. Cultural or Gender Influences
  5. Evolutionary Psychology, Altruism, and Aggression
  6. Social Perception, Cognition, Attribution
  7. Social Comparison
  8. Emotion, Affect, and Motivation
  9. Conformity, Influence, and Persuasion
  10. Behaviour and Attitudes

GRE Subject Tests’ Syllabus - Biology

In the GRE Subject Tests, the Biology Test was discontinued in May 2021. It is currently not conducted by ETS. This test comprises nearly 190 five-choice questions. The Biology syllabus includes:

  1. Ecology and Evolution
  2. Organismal Biology
  3. Cellular and Molecular Biology

GRE Subject Tests’ Syllabus - Literature in English 

The Literature in English subject test consists of roughly 230 questions. It’s syllabus includes:

  1. Identification
  2. Cultural and Historical Contexts
  3. History and Theory of Literary Criticism
  4. Literary Analysis

Besides that, there are various sub-topics given like poetry, theatre, biography, literary theory, the essay, short story, linguistic history, novel and criticism. However, the Literature in English subject was discontinued in May 2021, similar to the Biology test.

GRE Exam Pattern 2022

ETS outlined the GRE Exam pattern for 2022, which is pretty much the same as before. To make this GRE test highly-focused and skill-oriented, ETS conducts the GRE that consists of 5 sections (1 unscored) and follows patterns and content as per the following table:

S No Sections No. of Questions Type of Questions GRE Score Range Duration Time in Minutes
1 Quantitative Reasoning 2 sections (20 questions each) 4 130 - 170 (1-point increment) 1 hour 10 minutes 35 (per section)
2 Verbal Reasoning 2 sections (20 questions each) 3 130 - 170
(1-point increment)
1 hour 30 (per section)
3 Analytical Writing (AWA) 2 Tasks 2 0 - 6
(0.5-point increment)
1 hour 30 (per task)
4 Unscored Varies NA NA Varies Varies
5 Research Varies NA NA Varies Varies

If you retake the GRE, you need to follow the same GRE Exam pattern.

GRE Test Pattern for Paper-Based Test

The GRE Test for a paper-based test contains three sections: Quantitative Reasoning, Verbal Reasoning and Analytical Writing. In the paper-based test, unscored and research sections do not have the variable components. The GRE test pattern is as follows:

S No GRE Sections No. of Sections Question Types Time Duration
1 Quantitative Reasoning 2 sections (20 questions each) 4 35 (per section)
2 Verbal Reasoning 2 sections (20 questions each) 3 30 (per section)
3 Analytical Writing (AWA) 2 Tasks 2 30 (per task)
4 Unscored Varies NA Varies
5 Research Varies NA Varies

GRE Test Pattern for Computer-Delivered Test 

The GRE Test Pattern for a computer-delivered test is similar to the paper-based test. However, in the computer-delivered test, after completing the GRE quantitative reasoning section, the test-taker can take a ten-minute break. Here, unscored and research sections do not have the variable components as they are not included in the final GRE scores.

S No GRE Sections No. of Sections  Question Types Time Duration
1 Quantitative Reasoning 2 section - 40 questions 4 70 minutes
2 Verbal Reasoning 2 section - 40 questions 3 60 minutes
3 Analytical Writing 1 section - 2 tasks 2 60 minutes
4 Unscored Varies NA Varies
5 Research Varies NA Varies

How to Prepare for the GRE Exam?

Before getting into the mode of preparation, first, understand the exam, its requirements, eligibility, GRE score validity, and so on. After doing all these background checks, you will get an idea of what GRE is. 

  1. Know your GRE score requirement - Since many universities offer postgraduate courses like MBA, Mechanical Engineering, ECE, EEE, and so on, you must know their GRE score requirements. It helps you know how competitive it is. 
  2. Fix your target score - After knowing your GRE score requirement, fix your own target score. Make sure it is at least 10 marks above the minimum GRE score required. 
  3. Develop an effective strategy - By following GRE toppers and various subject-matter experts, discover their preparation strategy. Based on that, develop the strategy that suits you the best.
  4. Fix achievable deadlines - Keep achievable targets or deadlines that are enough to start from scratch, practice, and revise.
  5. Start practising with the best books - Always remember to read the best books available in the market. If you’re finding the GRE Syllabus pdf, check if it contains the list of best books for GRE.
  6. Focus on the weak points - While practising, you would know which area lacks expertise or confidence. Give extra attention to that and nail it before the GRE test day.
  7. Track your progress - Keep track of your progress every day. It helps you know where you stand in terms of understanding the concepts, solving problems, etc. 
  8. Maintain positivity throughout the process - Stay positive right from the beginning which eventually boosts your confidence during preparation.

Best books for GRE Preparation 2022

In order to clear the GRE exam in your first attempt, you need to take the best books for GRE preparation in 2022. Some of them include: Official GRE Super-Power Pack, GRE Prep by Magoosh and Manhattan Review: The Complete Guide. If you’re a serious candidate, you must buy these books no matter how much it costs. If ETS does not change the GRE Syllabus for 2023, these books also do not change.

GRE Sample Paper 2022

Considering the amount of time and effort you put for the GRE preparation, we have given the GRE Sample Paper for 2022. It is evident that the GRE exam is becoming competitive day by day. To tackle this eligibility test, you need to take more practice questions. Here are some of the GRE practice questions with answers.

GRE Analytical Writing Practice Questions - Set 1 GRE Verbal Reasoning Practice Questions - Set 1
GRE Analytical Writing Practice Questions - Set 2
GRE Analytical Writing Practice Questions - Set 3 GRE Verbal Reasoning Practice Questions - Set 2
GRE Quantitative Reasoning Practice Questions with Answers - Set 1 GRE Quantitative Reasoning Practice Questions with Answers - Set 2

Souce: ETS

Countries that Accept GRE Scores

countries that accept gre scores

In all major countries, top universities are accepting GRE scores for master’s degrees. They are:

  • The United States of America (USA)
  • Australia
  • Singapore
  • Canada
  • New Zealand
  • The United Kingdom (UK)

GRE General Test Score Range

Since GRE is a computer-adaptive test, each section in the GRE General Test has a certain difficulty level and a score range. Based on the candidate’s performance in the first section, the second section’s difficulty level will come. Apart from that, the actual GRE score for Quantitative Reasoning and Verbal Reasoning ranges from 130 to 170 in one-point increments. Likewise, the range of scores for the Analytical Writing (awa) section is 0 to 6, in half-point increments.

S No GRE Sections GRE Score Range
1 Quantitative Reasoning 130 - 170 (in 1-point increment)
2 Verbal Reasoning 130 - 170 (in 1-point increment)
3 Analytical Writing 0 - 6 (in 0.5-point increment)
4 Unscored Varies

GRE Exam Score Validity

Like every eligibility exam, the GRE exam score also has validity. If you take the GRE test (GRE General or GRE Subject), your GRE scores are reportable for five (5) years from your test date. If you want to know the validity period for different sections, courses, etc., you can read the GRE score validity that gives everything you need. 

GRE Test Dates

GRE test dates are flexible based on the student’s availability. Since millions of students take the GRE in more than 160 countries, ETS offers a variety of options for testing. You can choose the testing and date that suits you the best. The GRE General Test is mostly conducted as a computer-delivered test, however, if a specific location does not have access to computers, they can do paper-based tests.

When it comes to India, GRE is a computer-delivered test conducted on all days throughout the year.


Knowing the entire GRE Syllabus is an important step to do before your preparation. The GRE syllabus involves the GRE General Test and the GRE Subject Tests, each having different sections. So, whether you’re aspiring to study for an MBA, Master’s in Computer Science (CSE), etc., in top universities, you must know the GRE requirement for MS in Canada, the US, Singapore, and other countries that accept GRE scores and start your preparation accordingly. 


1. What is GRE?

Graduate Records Examination (GRE) is a standardized test conducted by ETS. Students willing to study for a master’s degree in top universities take the GRE exam. On the other hand, universities offering postgraduate courses accept good GRE scores for admission.

2.  What is the GRE syllabus for 2022?

The GRE Syllabus for 2022 consists of GRE General Tests and GRE Subject Tests separately. If you’re taking the GRE General Test, you need to write three sections: Quantitative Reasoning, Verbal Reasoning, and Analytical Writing. In the GRE Subject Tests, you can take either Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, or Psychology.

3. What are the sections in GRE?

In the GRE General Test, there are three (3) different sections: Quantitative Reasoning, Verbal Reasoning, and Analytical Writing. Whereas in the GRE Subject Tests, four (4) different sections are given: Chemistry, Physics, Mathematics, and Psychology. Students who take the GRE General Test must attend all three sections, while in the GRE Subject Tests, they can take any one of the subjects to prove their expertise.

4. What is the eligibility for GRE?

Surprisingly, there is no eligibility criteria (age or qualification) required to write the GRE exam. To enter the examination centre, you must carry a valid ID proof. But before applying for the exam, you must check what the GRE score requirement is in the university where you’re planning to study for your master’s / doctoral degree.

5. Is GRE easier than GMAT?

Based on experts’ opinions, GRE is easier than GMAT, because GMAT contains a mathematics section that is tough compared to GRE. Whereas, GRE contains a verbal reasoning section, including reading comprehension, text completion and sentence equivalence questions that reduce the burden of the test-takers.

6. How much does the GRE cost?

The GRE exam cost for the GRE General Test is $205 for all countries except Nigeria, Turkey, China, Australia and India. In India, the GRE General Test’s registration fee is $213 (INR 15,800).

7. What is the GRE Exam pattern?

The GRE exam pattern for the GRE General Tests consists of three sections: GRE Quants, GRE Verbal and GRE Analytical Writing Assessment (awa). Similarly, the exam pattern for the GRE Subject Tests consists of four subjects: Chemistry, Physics, Mathematics, and Psychology. These two exam patterns are the same for paper-based and computer-delivered tests.

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